|⁃ location||South Tripura district, Tripura, India|
|Mouth||Bay of Bengal|
|Length||116 km (72 mi)|
|⁃ location||Bay of Bengal|
|⁃ right||Muhuri River|
Feni River (Bengali: ফেনী নদী Feni Nodi) is a river in the Indian state of Tripura and southeastern Bangladesh. It is a trans-boundary river with an ongoing dispute about water rights. The Feni River originates in South Tripura district and flows through Sabroom town and then enters Bangladesh. Muhuri River, also called Little Feni, from Noakhali District joins it near its mouth. The river is navigable by small boats as far as Ramgarh, about 80 kilometres (50 mi) upstream.
The question of sharing of the waters of the river between India and Pakistan was first discussed in 1958. Through at least 2006 the countries continued to consider possible compromises.
Feni River originates in South Tripura district and flows through Sabroom town and then enters Bangladesh. Muhuri River, also called Little Feni, from Noakhali District joins it near its mouth. The river is navigable throughout the year by small boats up to Ramgarh, some 80 kilometres (50 mi) upstream.
The question of sharing of the waters of the river between India and Pakistan was discussed as early as 1958.
Reports from Pakistan in 2007 said, "India is trying to withdraw water from Feni River for irrigation projects in exchange of resolving erosion problem in Bangladesh side of this bordering river."
According to statement on sharing of river waters with Bangladesh, released by India in 2007, "Feni River has been added to its mandate in the 36th JRC meeting. A decision was taken in the meeting that the Ministers of Water Resources of both the countries would visit the sites where developmental works have been held up. This Joint Inspection of various locations of developmental and flood protection works on common rivers was held from September 14–21, 2006."
Inland port in Tripura
Sabroom in South Tripura, in India, is only 18 to 20 kilometres (11 to 12 mi) from the Bay of Bengal, but it is a virtually a landlocked territory. In 2007, there was a thinking that an inland harbour could be built at Sabroom, connected to the sea through a canal, if Bangladesh allowed it. The construction of such a harbour could reduce considerably the cost of transportation of goods from the rest of India to Tripura and the north-east of India. However, the idea had not been acted on through 2007.
A bridge is to be built over the Feni River to link up with Tripura. Construction was set to begin in December 2010 for the 150-metre (490 ft) link between Sabroom and Ramgarh. When completed, the bridge would provide the only land link between India's eastern states and its western states other than through Assam.
The foundation stone for the bridge was officially laid by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in June 2015. The cost of constructing the bridge, as well as the approach roads to it in both Bangladesh and India, will be borne by India. The Tripura Public Works Department was appointed to execute the project. When completed, the bridge will connect Tripura with the Chittagong port in Bangladesh providing landlocked North East India with access to the sea, and enabling the transport of heavy machines and goods to North East India via Bangladesh.
The Feni is closed near the sea by the Feni dam. This dam has been constructed in 1985 to prevent floodings by surges the lower reaches of the Feni due to cyclones and make a large area fitted for agriculture. The dam is mainly constructed by manual Labour. Between the dam and the Bay of Bengal the river is a tidal river.
- Chowdhury, Sifatul Quader (2012). "Feni River". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- "Sabroom Feni River Canal". Forum Twipra.com. Archived from the original on 2007-09-05. Retrieved 2007-12-18.[self-published source]
- "Agreement between India and Pakistan on border disputes (East Pakistan)" (PDF). United Nations Peacemaker. Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India. 1958-09-10. Retrieved 2007-12-18.
- "India trying to withdraw water from Feni River". Associated Press of Pakistan. 2007-01-30. Archived from the original on 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2007-12-18.
- "India-Bangladesh Political Relations" (PDF). Sharing of River Waters. Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India. February 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-25. Retrieved 2007-12-18.
- "India–Bangladesh to Start Work on Bridge This Month". Sify Finance. Sify Technologies. IANS. 2010-12-22. Retrieved 2014-10-13.
- "India to Develop Bangladesh Port". Tripurainfo. IANS. 2014-10-07. Retrieved 2014-10-13.
- "India starts work on bridge over Feni river linking North-East to Chittagong". The Financial Express. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2017.