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Scandinavia M2002074 lrg.jpg
Fennoscandia in March 2002
Fennoscandia (orthographic projection).svg
LocationNorthern Europe
Coordinates63°00′00″N 17°00′00″E / 63.0000°N 17.0000°E / 63.0000; 17.0000Coordinates: 63°00′00″N 17°00′00″E / 63.0000°N 17.0000°E / 63.0000; 17.0000
Adjacent toArctic Sea, Atlantic Ocean
Highest elevation2,469 m (8100 ft)
Highest pointGaldhøpiggen
Whole or part of the mainland area of Murmansk Oblast, Republic of Karelia, and Leningrad Oblast

Fennoscandia (Finnish, Swedish and Norwegian: Fennoskandia; Russian: Фенноскандия, romanizedFennoskandiya) or the Fennoscandian Peninsula is the geographical peninsula in Europe, which includes the Scandinavian and Kola peninsulas, mainland Finland, and Karelia.[1] Administratively this roughly encompasses the mainlands of Finland, Norway and Sweden,[2] as well as Murmansk Oblast, much of the Republic of Karelia, and parts of northern Leningrad Oblast in Russia.

Its name comes from the Latin words Fennia (Finland) and Scandia (Scandinavian).[3] The term was first used by the Finnish geologist Wilhelm Ramsay in 1898.[4]

Geologically, the area is distinct because its bedrock is Archean granite and gneiss with very little limestone, in contrast to adjacent areas in Europe.

The similar term Fenno-Scandinavia is sometimes used as a synonym for Fennoscandia. Both terms are sometimes used in English to refer to a cultural or political grouping of Finland with Sweden, Norway and Denmark (the latter country is closely connected culturally and politically, but not part of the Fennoscandian Peninsula), which is a subset of the Nordic countries.[5][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Cummings, Vicki; Jordan, Peter; Zvelebil, Marek, eds. (2014). The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. p. 838.
  2. ^ Lavsund, Sten; Nygren, Tuire; Solberg, Erling (2003). "Status of moose populations and challenges to moose management in Fennoscandia". Alces. Archived from the original on 6 March 2007 – via HighBeam Research.
  3. ^ "Fennoscandia [fen′ō skan′dē ə]". Your Dictionary. LoveToKnow, Corp. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  4. ^ De Geer, Sten (1928). "Das geologische Fennoskandia und das geographische Baltoskandia" [The geological Fennoscandia and the geographical Baltoscandia] (PDF). Geografiska Annaler (in German). Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography. 10: 119–139. OCLC 604361828. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Bulletin – Canadian Library Association". 20. Canadian Library Association. 1963: 179. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ "Fennoscandia, n.". Oxford English Dictionary Online (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. December 2019. Retrieved 10 February 2020.

Further reading[edit]

  • Ramsay, W., 1898. Über die Geologische Entwicklung der Halbinsel Kola in der Quartärzeit. Fennia 16 (1), 151 p.

External links[edit]