Fennoscandia

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Fennoscandia
Scandinavia M2002074 lrg.jpg
Fennoscandia in March 2002
Fennoscandia (orthographic projection).svg
Geography
LocationNorthern Europe
Coordinates63°00′00″N 17°00′00″E / 63.0000°N 17.0000°E / 63.0000; 17.0000Coordinates: 63°00′00″N 17°00′00″E / 63.0000°N 17.0000°E / 63.0000; 17.0000
Adjacent bodies of waterArctic Sea, Atlantic Ocean
Highest elevation2,469 m (8,100 ft)
Highest pointGaldhøpiggen
Administration
Mainland
Mainland
Mainland
Whole or part of the mainland area of Murmansk Oblast, Republic of Karelia, and Leningrad Oblast

Fennoscandia (Finnish: Fennoskandia; Swedish: Fennoskandia; Norwegian: Fennoskandia; Russian: Фенноскандия Fennoskandiya) or the Fennoscandian Peninsula is the geographical peninsula comprising the Scandinavian and Kola Peninsulas, mainland Finland, and Karelia.[1] Administratively this roughly encompasses the mainlands of Finland, Norway and Sweden,[2] as well as Murmansk Oblast, much of the Republic of Karelia, and parts of northern Leningrad Oblast in Russia.

Its name comes from the Latin words Fennia (Finland) and Scandia (Scandinavian).[3] The term was first used by the Finnish geologist Wilhelm Ramsay in 1898.[4]

Geologically, the area is distinct because its bedrock is Archean granite and gneiss with very little limestone, in contrast to adjacent areas in Europe.

The similar term Fenno-Scandinavia is sometimes used as a synonym for Fennoscandia. Both terms are sometimes used in English to refer to a cultural or political grouping of Finland with Denmark, Sweden, and Norway (Scandinavia), which is a subset of the Nordic countries.[5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers, eds. Vicki Cummings; Peter Jordan; Marek Zvelebil (Oxfored; New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), p. 838
  2. ^ Sten Lavsund; Tuire Nygren; Erling Solberg (2003). "Status of moose populations and challenges to moose management in Fennoscandia". Alces. 2003. HighBeam Research.
  3. ^ "Fennoscandia [fen′ō skan′dē ə]". Your Dictionary. LoveToKnow, Corp. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  4. ^ De Geer, Sten (1928). "Das geologische Fennoskandia und das geographische Baltoskandia" (PDF). Geografiska Annaler (in German). Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography. 10: 119–139. OCLC 604361828. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  5. ^ Bulletin - Canadian Library Association, Volume 20. Canadian Library Association., 1963. p. 179.
  6. ^ "Fennoscandia, n.", Oxford English Dictionary Online, 2nd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, December 2019). Accessed 10 February 2020.

Further reading[edit]

  • Ramsay, W., 1898. Über die Geologische Entwicklung der Halbinsel Kola in der Quartärzeit. Fennia 16 (1), 151 p.

External links[edit]