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This article is about the general concept. For the Fennoscandian Shield, see Baltic Shield.

Coordinates: 63°00′00″N 17°00′00″E / 63.0000°N 17.0000°E / 63.0000; 17.0000

The geographical region of Fennoscandia within Northern Europe, comprising Norway, Sweden, Finland, and parts of Russia (mainly Karelia)

Fennoscandia (Finnish: Fennoskandia; Swedish: Fennoskandien; Norwegian: Fennoskandia; Russian: Фенноскандия Fennoskandiya), Fenno-Scandinavia, or the Fennoscandian Peninsula, is the geographical peninsula of the Nordic region comprising the Scandinavian Peninsula, Finland, Karelia, and the Kola Peninsula.[1] It encompasses Finland, Norway and Sweden in their entireties[2] as well as Murmansk Oblast, much of the Republic of Karelia and parts of northern Leningrad Oblast in Russia. Its name comes from the Latin words Fennia (Finland) and Scandia (Scandinavia).[3] The term was first used by the Finnish geologist Wilhelm Ramsay in 1898.[4]

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  1. ^ The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers, eds. Vicki Cummings; Peter Jordan; Marek Zvelebil (Oxfored; New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), p. 838
  2. ^ Sten Lavsund; Tuire Nygren; Erling Solberg (2003). "Status of moose populations and challenges to moose management in Fennoscandia". Alces. 2003. HighBeam Research.
  3. ^ "Fennoscandia [fen′ō skan′dē ə]". Your Dictionary. LoveToKnow, Corp. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  4. ^ De Geer, Sten (1928). "Das geologische Fennoskandia und das geographische Baltoskandia". Geografiska Annaler (in German). Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography. 10: 119–139. 
5 Ramsay, W., 1898. Über die Geologische Entwicklung

der Halbinsel Kola in der Quartärzeit. Fennia 16 (1), 151 p.

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