Fennoscandia (Finnish: Fennoskandia; Swedish: Fennoskandien; Norwegian: Fennoskandia; Russian: Фенноскандия Fennoskandiya), Fenno-Scandinavia, or the Fennoscandian Peninsula, is the geographical peninsula of the Nordic region comprising the Scandinavian Peninsula, Finland, Karelia, and the Kola Peninsula. It encompasses Finland, Norway and Sweden, as well as Murmansk Oblast, much of the Republic of Karelia and parts of northern Leningrad Oblast in Russia. Its name comes from the Latin words Fennia (Finland) and Scandia (Scandinavian). The term was first used by the Finnish geologist Wilhelm Ramsay in 1898. Geologically, the area is distinct because its bedrock is Archaean granite and gneiss with very little limestone, in contrast to neighboring areas in Europe.
- Cap of the North
- Nordic region
- Lapland (region)
- Geology of the Baltic Sea
- Regions of Europe
- Reindeer in Russia
- The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers, eds. Vicki Cummings; Peter Jordan; Marek Zvelebil (Oxfored; New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), p. 838
- Sten Lavsund; Tuire Nygren; Erling Solberg (2003). "Status of moose populations and challenges to moose management in Fennoscandia". Alces. 2003. HighBeam Research.
- "Fennoscandia [fen′ō skan′dē ə]". Your Dictionary. LoveToKnow, Corp. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- De Geer, Sten (1928). "Das geologische Fennoskandia und das geographische Baltoskandia". Geografiska Annaler (in German). Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography. 10: 119–139.
5 Ramsay, W., 1898. Über die Geologische Entwicklung der Halbinsel Kola in der Quartärzeit. Fennia 16 (1), 151 p.
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