Fenton Art Glass Company
|Founded||Martins Ferry, Ohio (1905)|
|Headquarters||Williamstown, West Virginia, USA|
Number of employees
The Fenton Art Glass Company was founded in 1905 by brothers Frank L. Fenton and John W. Fenton.
The original factory was in an old glass factory in Martins Ferry, Ohio in 1905. The factory at one time was owned by the old West Virginia Glass Company. At first they painted glass blanks from other glass makers, but started making their own glass when they became unable to buy the materials they needed. They moved across the Ohio river to Williamstown, West Virginia, and built a factory in 1906. The first year for glass production was 1907. In 1909 John Fenton left the company and founded the Millersburg glass company in Millersburg, OH.
Frank Fenton was the designer and decorator. From 1905 to 1920, the designs made there were heavily influenced by two other glass companies: Tiffany and Steuben. But the many different colors were the work of Jacob Rosenthal, a famous glass chemist who is known for developing chocolate and golden agate glass. Towards the end of 1907, the Fenton brothers were the first to introduce carnival glass, which later became a popular collector's item.
During the Great Depression and World War II, Fenton produced practical items (such as mixing bowls and tableware) due to shortages. At the same time, they continued creating new colors. Towards the end of the Great Depression they also produced perfume bottles for the Wrisley Company in 1938. The bottles were made in French opalescent glass with the hobnail pattern.
In 1939, Fenton started selling Hobnail items in milk glass. Hobnail milk glass would become the top-selling line and allowed the Fenton company to expand.
In the late 1940s, the top three members of Fenton's management died. Frank Fenton and Wilmer C. "Bill" Fenton immediately stepped in and took over the positions of President and Vice President, respectively. Over the next thirty years, they continued to expand Fenton Art Glass, despite a large number of glass factories closing down.
In 1986, George W. Fenton, Frank's son, took over as President of the company.
In 1970, the company added their logo to the bottom of some pieces to distinguish them from older pieces. In 1974, Fenton started putting their logo on all the pieces they made. Pieces made in the 1980s have the number eight under the letter "n" in the logo, pieces from the 1990s have the number nine and pieces made in the 2000s have a 0 in the same place. From June 1996 to July 1998 Fenton marked preferred seconds sold in their gift shop with a sandblasted solid or hollow star. In August 1998 an F replaced the star.
Another type of mark is found on glass baskets. Where the glass handles of the baskets are attached to the base of the basket a stamp is made. Each handler had a specific pattern to help identify which handler attached the handle. The marks began in the 1950s and were instituted by Frank M. and Bill Fenton.
Some of the patters used on items produced by Fenton were:
|Cherry Chain||Distinguished by groups of cherries in a circular pattern.|||
|Dragon and Lotus||This pattern is possibly available in more colors than other patterns.|||
|Hobnail||An even arrangement of bumps similar to that found on the bottom parts of hobnail boots.|||
|Open Edge||Also referred to as Basket weave. The pattern is on the outside of the bowl or basket and the edge has two rows of holes around it. Three rows of holes were also made.|||
|Panther||This is an interior pattern showing two large cats, the outside pattern is Butterfly and Berry. All pieces have balled feet.|||
|Persian Medallion||Embroidered medallions in a ring. Used on plates, bowls, and bonbons.|||
Fenton made hundreds of different colors of glass over the time they were open.
|Amberina||A fiery red blended to yellow.|||
|Amethyst||A deep to pale purple.|||
|Blue||Pale to deep blue.|||
|Cobalt Blue||A deep shade of blue and the most sought after.|||
|Green||This color ranges from a deep green to a light yellow green.|||
|Marigold||A yellow orange color.|||
|Red||A red color that is deep when held to a light.|||
|Rich Marigold||Orange-red in appearance.|||
|Blue Opalescent||1959-64, 1978-81||Appears at odd times after 1907 till 1959.|||
|Cameo Opalescent||1920's, 1979-82||Brown to tan in color.|||
|Cranberry Opalescent||1956-1989||Mainly made in hobnail and coin dot pattern molds.|||
|French Opalescent||1956-68, 1980||Also called Crystal. Clear class. Made in hobnail, Coin Dot molds, also Mandarin and Empress vases.|| |
|Green Opalescent||1959-61||Can be a jade color to a lime green.|||
|Plum Opalescent||1959-62||Created by attempting to make a cranberry opalescent that could be used in pressed molds. A deep purple color.|||
|Topaz Opalescent||1940-44, 1959-62, 1980||A yellow glass made with uranium. Used in Hobnail, Coin Dot, Cactus, and Lily of the Valley pattern molds.|||
Crests This color combination consists of glass of a different color added to the rim of a piece.
|Aqua Crest||1940-42, 48-53||Milk Glass with a blue edge.|||
|Black Rose||1953-54||Peach Blow with a black edge.|||
|Blue Ridge||1939||French Opalescent with a blue edge.|||
|Crystal Crest||1942||Milk glass with a double row of crystal and white glass.|||
|Emerald Crest||1949-55||Also called Green Crest in 1949.|||
|Gold Crest||1943-45||Yellow glass on the edge of Milk glass items.|||
|Ivory Crest||1940-41||Custard glass with a crystal edge.|||
|Silver Crest||1943 onwards||A crystal edge on milk glass.|
Overlay's Overlays are a type of cased glass. Cased glass is made up of different colors in layers.
|Blue overlay||1943-53||Blue glass over milk glass.|||
|Gold overlay||1949||Milk glass with an amber overlay.|||
|Green overlay||1949-53||Milk glass covered in green glass.|||
|Ivy||1949-52||Dark green over white glass.|||
|Rose overlay||1943-48||Milk glass cased with light pink glass.|||
On August 9, 2007, Fenton Art Glass sent out a press release stating they would "cease... operations over the next few months."
Their plans involved laying off 25 employees immediately, and in the following weeks, the rest of their workers would be laid off. However, on December 4, 2007, Fenton Art Glass released a press statement, saying that due to an unexpected buying frenzy and internal restructuring, the company would stay open until at least the spring of 2008. In an open letter in August 2008, company president George Fenton said that thanks to the buying frenzy, the company had been able to institute some reforms, and wouldn't be closing in the foreseeable future.
On July 6, 2011, Fenton Art Glass sent out a press release stating they would "wind down production of its collectible and giftware glass products."
According to WTAP TV, "The company cites financial challenges since its restructuring in 2007 and recent developments as factors in its decision to shut down its traditional glassmaking business. Fenton Art Glass says it's exploring the sales of one or more of its product lines."
Fenton ceased "traditional" glassmaking at the Williamstown, WV factory in July 2011. However, the factory remains open as a jewelry making operation, producing handcrafted glass beads and Teardrop earrings. The Fenton Gift Shop, located in the same building, also has a large quantity of glass remaining in their inventory. Visitors to the factory can watch the beadmaking demonstrations and purchase Fenton Art Glass.
- Moran, Mark F. (2007). Warman's Fenton glass : identification and price guide (2nd ed. ed.). Iola, WI: Krause Publications. p. 4. ISBN 0896895718. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- William Heacock (1978). Fenton Glass the first twenty five years. O-Val Advertising. p. 8. ISBN 0317038591.
- PHIL BERRY. "A Dazzling History:Fenton Art Glass". Fenton art glass.
- Pamela Wiggins. "Carnival Glass Still Popular with Collectors". about.com.
- Michael and Lori Palmer. "The Wrisley Story, The early history of Fenton Hobnail.". fentonfan.com.
- "Our History". Retrieved 2007-12-27.
- "Maker Marks". The Field Guide To Carnival Glass. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- Moran, Mark F. (2007). Warman's Fenton glass : identification and price guide (2nd ed. ed.). Iola, WI: Krause Publications. p. 11. ISBN 0896895718. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Basket Handler Marks". Fenton Art Glass. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- David Doty. "Cherry Chain, Fenton". The Field Guide To Carnival Glass. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- David Doty. "Dragon and Lotus, Fenton". The Field Guide To Carnival Glass. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- "Fenton Glass". Collectors Weekly. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- David Doty. "Open Edge, 2 Row, Fenton". The Field Guide To Carnival Glass. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- David Doty. "Panther, Fenton". The Field Guide To Carnival Glass. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- David Doty. "Persian Medallion, Fenton". The Field Guide To Carnival Glass. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- Moran, Mark F. (2007). Warman's Fenton glass : identification and price guide (2nd ed. ed.). Iola, WI: Krause Publications. p. 10. ISBN 0896895718. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
- William Heacock (1978). Fenton Glass the first twenty five years. O-Val Advertising. p. 24. ISBN 0317038591.
- Moran, Mark F. (2007). Warman's Fenton glass : identification and price guide (2nd ed.). Iola, WI: Krause Publications. p. 18. ISBN 0896895718. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
- Measell, William Heacock ; edited by James; Murdock, Frank M. Fenton ; Fenton history written by Eugene C. (1994). Fenton glass : the third twenty-five years, 1956-1980. Marietta, Ohio: Glass Press. p. 145-153. ISBN 9780915410378.
- William Heacock; Eugene Converse Murdock (1995). Fenton glass the second twenty five years. Marietta, Ohio: Glass Press inc. p. 17. ISBN 9780915410293.
- William Heacock; Eugene Converse Murdock (1995). Fenton glass the second twenty five years. Marietta, Ohio: Glass Press inc. pp. 5–6. ISBN 9780915410293.
- "Cased Glass". merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
- "Fenton Art Glass Says It's Closing". Retrieved 2007-12-27.
- "Fenton Art Glass Plans To Continue Glass Production". Retrieved 2007-12-27.
- "An open letter to friends of Fenton Art Glass" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-11-15.
- "Fenton to "Cease Traditional Glass Production"". Retrieved 6 July 2011.
- Fenton Art Glass Company, 700 Elizabeth Street, Williamstown, WV 26187
- Fenton Art Glass Company's website
- The Fenton Art Glass Collectors of America
- The National Fenton Glass Society
- The Pacific Northwest Fenton Association
- Fenton Fanatics Website
- Fenton Art Glass History