Fentress County, Tennessee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Fentress County, Tennessee
Fentress-County-Courthouse-east-tn1.jpg
Fentress County Courthouse in Jamestown
Map of Tennessee highlighting Fentress County
Location in the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1823
Named for James Fentress, state legislator[1]
Seat Jamestown
Largest city Jamestown
Area
 • Total 499 sq mi (1,292 km2)
 • Land 499 sq mi (1,292 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (1 km2), 0.06%
Population
 • (2010) 17,959
 • Density 36/sq mi (14/km2)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.fentresscountytn.com

Fentress County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,959.[2] Its county seat is Jamestown.[3]

History[edit]

Pumping water by hand in 1942 from the sole water supply in this section of Wilder, Tennessee in Fentress County

Fentress County was formed in 1823 from portions of Morgan, Overton and White counties. The resulting county was named for James Fentress[4] (1763–1843), who served as speaker of the state house, chairman of Montgomery County Court, and commissioner to select seats for Haywood, Carroll, Gibson and Weakley counties in West Tennessee.[1]

Fentress County was the site of several saltpeter mines. Saltpeter is the main ingredient of gunpowder and was obtained by leaching the earth from local caves. The largest mine was in York Cave, near the Wolf River Post Office. At one time, twenty-five large leaching vats were in operation in this cave. According to Barr (1961) this cave was mined during the Civil War. Buffalo Cave near Jamestown was also a major mine with twelve leaching vats. Manson Saltpeter Cave in Big Indian Creek Valley was a smaller operation with four leaching vats. These caves may also have been mined during the War of 1812, as saltpeter mining was widespread in Kentucky and Tennessee during that era.[5]

In the runup to the American Civil War, when Tennessee Governor Harris asked the State Legislature for a vote of secession, the two representatives from Fentress County (Reese T. Hildreth and R. H. Bledsoe) voted for Secession.

Alvin York (1887–1964), a hero at the Meuse-Argonne Offensive during World War I, was born and lived in Fentress County. He established the Alvin C. York Agricultural Institute in Jamestown in 1924.[6] York's house and farm are part of Sgt. Alvin C. York State Historic Park in Pall Mall.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 499 square miles (1,290 km2), of which 499 square miles (1,290 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (0.06%) is water.[7]

Fentress County includes part of Dale Hollow Reservoir and is drained by forks of the Obey and Cumberland Rivers.

The county is the easternmost county in the United States to observe Central Time.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Valley of the Three Forks near Pall Mall, with the Cumberland Plateau dominating the horizon

National protected area[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18302,748
18403,55029.2%
18504,45425.5%
18605,05413.5%
18704,717−6.7%
18805,94125.9%
18905,226−12.0%
19006,10616.8%
19107,44621.9%
192010,43540.1%
193011,0365.8%
194014,26229.2%
195014,9174.6%
196013,288−10.9%
197012,593−5.2%
198014,82617.7%
199014,669−1.1%
200016,62513.3%
201017,9598.0%
Est. 201618,033[8]0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2014[2]
Age pyramid Fentress County[13]

As of the 2010 census,[14] there were 17,959 people, 7,326 households, and 4,818 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 8,927 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.1% White, 0.2% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. 1.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In the county's 7,326 households, 23.1% had children under the age of 18, 57.30% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 26.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $23,238, and the median income for a family was $28,856. Males had a median income of $23,606 versus $18,729 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,999. 19.50% of families and 23.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.80% of those under age 18 and 20.50% of those over age 64.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 82.3% 6,038 15.0% 1,100 2.7% 195
2012 76.0% 5,243 22.6% 1,561 1.3% 91
2008 71.1% 4,789 27.2% 1,831 1.8% 119
2004 64.1% 4,293 35.4% 2,371 0.5% 36
2000 56.7% 3,417 42.0% 2,529 1.4% 83
1996 45.6% 2,307 46.1% 2,332 8.2% 417
1992 41.5% 2,391 47.4% 2,730 11.1% 638
1988 62.2% 3,103 37.2% 1,856 0.7% 33
1984 62.2% 2,922 37.4% 1,755 0.5% 22
1980 60.8% 2,493 37.6% 1,543 1.6% 67
1976 47.0% 1,767 52.0% 1,953 1.0% 38
1972 75.5% 2,154 23.3% 665 1.2% 34
1968 57.8% 2,026 19.1% 671 23.1% 808
1964 56.0% 1,969 44.1% 1,550
1960 71.9% 2,726 26.7% 1,014 1.4% 52
1956 69.5% 2,233 29.1% 934 1.4% 45
1952 69.7% 2,143 30.4% 934
1948 60.3% 1,587 36.5% 962 3.2% 85
1944 71.4% 1,696 27.7% 657 1.0% 23
1940 58.9% 1,365 39.7% 919 1.4% 33
1936 61.5% 1,299 35.2% 743 3.3% 69
1932 56.3% 1,383 39.1% 961 4.6% 112
1928 78.0% 1,398 20.9% 375 1.1% 20
1924 70.2% 1,197 24.6% 420 5.2% 89
1920 71.7% 1,808 27.5% 694 0.8% 21
1916 70.1% 925 26.4% 348 3.6% 47
1912 37.6% 444 33.8% 399 28.6% 338

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Duke, Jason. Tennessee Coal Mining, Railroading & Logging in Cumberland, Fentress, Overton & Putnam. Nashville: Turner Publishing (2004). ISBN 1-56311-932-3
  • Hogue, Albert R. History of Fentress County, Tennessee. Santa Maria: Janaway Publishing (2010). ISBN 1-59641-220-8
  • Hogue, Albert R. History of Fentress County, Tennessee; The Old Home of Mark Twain's Ancestors. Memphis: General Books (2010). ISBN 1-150-82647-9

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lorene Cargile, "Fentress County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 27 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 10 July 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 125. 
  5. ^ Thomas C. Barr, Jr., "Caves of Tennessee", Bulletin 64 of the Tennessee Division of Geology, 1961.
  6. ^ Alvin C. York Institute website. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (27 March 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2 April 2001. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  13. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-10. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°23′N 84°56′W / 36.38°N 84.93°W / 36.38; -84.93