Ferdinand-Jean Darier

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ferdinand-Jean Darier
Ferdinand-Jean Darier.png
Born (1856-04-26)26 April 1856
Budapest, Hungary
Died 1938 (aged 81–82)
Paris, France[citation needed]
Education Collège de France
Known for Darier's disease, Darier's sign
Medical career
Profession Doctor
Institutions Hôpital Saint-Louis
Specialism Physician, pathologist, dermatologist
Research Dermatology

Ferdinand-Jean Darier (26 April 1856–1938[1]) was a French physician, pathologist and dermatologist called the "father of modern dermatology in France".[2]



Born in Budapest, Hungary to French parents,[1] Darier studied with Louis-Antoine Ranvier (1835–1922) at the Collège de France.

Darier discovered several diseases, most notably Darier's disease, a peculiar figurate erythema, which he identified in 1889 as psorodermose folliculaire végétante. The other diseases were a follicular keratosis (Darier-White syndrome), acanthosis nigricans, dermatofibrosarcoma (Darier-Ferrand disease), erythema annularis, subcutaneous sarcoidosis (Darier-Roussy sarcoid), and a sign, Darier's sign observed in mastocytosis.

From 1909 to 1922, Darier was head of the clinical department at the Hôpital Saint-Louis.[3] He was one of the "big five" of the Paris School of Dermatology, along with Ernest Henri Besnier (1831–1909), Louis-Anne-Jean Brocq (1856–1928), Raymond Sabouraud (1864–1938) and Jean Alfred Fournier (1832–1915).

Darier wrote the dermatology textbook Précis de dermatologie, which was published in 1909 and translated into Spanish, German and English.[1] He was also the editor of the dermatological encyclopedia Nouvelle Pratique Dermatologique, which was published in eight volumes, beginning in 1936.


Besides his medical activities, Darier was the mayor of the town Longpont-sur-Orge from 1925 to 1935.[3]

List of works[edit]

  • De l’artérite syphilitique (1904)
  • Précis de dermatologie (1909)
  • Nouvelle Pratique Dermatologique (1936)


  1. ^ a b c "Ferdinand-Jean Darier". Who Named It?. 
  2. ^ Bhawan, J. (2006). "The Evolution of Dermatopathology – The American Experience". American Journal of Dermatopathology. 28 (1): 67–71. doi:10.1097/01.dad.0000185145.45681.2a. ISSN 1533-0311. PMID 16456331. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b "Ferdinand-Jean Darier (1856-1938)". The History of European Dermatology. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  • Ségal, Alain (2009). "Ferdinand-Jean Darier (1856-1938) dermatologist of world renown". Hist Sci Med (in French). France. 43 (4): 389–94. ISSN 0440-8888. PMID 20503642.