Ferdinand (The Tempest)

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Ferdinand
The Tempest character
Created byWilliam Shakespeare
Portrayed byReeve Carney (2010)
Date(s)c. 1611
Information
FamilyAlonso, King of Naples (father)
Miranda (wife)
Sebastian (uncle)
Prospero (father-in-law)

Ferdinand is the prince of Naples and the son of Alonso, the King of Naples, in Shakespeare's play, The Tempest. He falls in love with Miranda. He is quick to promise the title of queen and wife to Miranda even though he doesn't know her name.[1] He is happy in humble labours, blinded by love. He makes a solemn vow to be truthful to Prospero, and not to violate Miranda's chastity before their wedding.

Fictional biography[edit]

Ferdinand is aboard the ship that is run aground due to the storm created by the sorcerer and old Duke, Prospero. Ferdinand is separated from his father and friends (purposely) by Ariel, the airy servant of Prospero. Ariel leads Ferdinand to Prospero and his daughter Miranda, with whom he instantly falls in love. Ferdinand, who is astounded that Miranda is even human, tells her that she is the most amazing woman he has ever encountered:

Full many a lady
I have eyed with best regard and many a time
The harmony of their tongues hath into bondage
Brought my too diligent ear: for several virtues
Have I liked several women; never any
With so full soul, but some defect in her
Did quarrel with the noblest grace she owed
And put it to the foil: but you, O you,
So perfect and so peerless, are created
Of every creature's best!

Ferdinand casts aside his grief and mourning for his father and friends, who he believes have all perished in the storm. He instead envelops himself in his love (and lust) for Miranda, telling her that he will make her the "Queen of Naples". According to plan, Prospero uses Ferdinand's infatuation with Miranda to re-gain power, and eventually take his rightful position as Duke of Milan. Accusing him of being a spy and traitor, Prospero keeps Ferdinand in isolation, and forces him to arbitrarily move logs and large sticks. However, further into the play, Prospero allows Ferdinand and Miranda to interact, and seeing their desire for one another he allows them to marry.

FERDINAND

"As I hope For quiet days, fair issue, and long life, With such love as ’tis now, the murkiest den, The most opportune place, the strong’st suggestion, Our worser genius can shall never melt Mine honor into lust to take away The edge of that day’s celebration When I shall think, or Phoebus' steeds are foundered, Or night kept chained below."

Ferdinand displays noble intentions, assuring Prospero that he will not untie Miranda's "virgin knot" until they are formally married. Much to his delight, Ferdinand is eventually re-united with his father and friends. They all return to Naples and Prospero regains his Dukedom.[2] As Samuel Johnson observed, the play thus ends in "the final happiness of the pair for whom our passions and reason are equally interested."[3]

Ferdinand's line[edit]

"(to MIRANDA) Oh, if a virgin, And your affection not gone forth, I'll make you The queen of Naples."

When Ferdinand meets Miranda, he falls in love at first sight and confesses his love.

"To whom I am subdued, are but light to me, Might I but through my prison once a day Behold this maid."

Ferdinand is subordinated by Prospero's order, but he gives up his freedom and just wants to see Miranda.

"O heaven, O earth, bear witness to this sound And crown what I profess with kind event If I speak true! If hollowly, invert What best is boded me to mischief! I Beyond all limit of what else i' th' world Do love, prize, honour you."

Ferdinand declares how deeply he loves her when Miranda asks him "Do you love me?"

"(seeing ALONSO and kneeling)Though the seas threaten, they are merciful. I have cursed them without cause."

Ferdinand meets his father, Alonso who has been thought to be dead, and thanks for miracle. As Ferdinand introduces Miranda to his father, Alonso being very proud of his son for finding such a beautiful love.

Role in the play[edit]

In Act 1 Scene 2, Prospero said, "(aside) It goes, I see, as my soul prompts it ."

This scene shows that Ferdinand and Miranda were used to serve as a union of Milan and Naples by Prospero's political aims for resolving his own exile.

Ferdinand may represent the hope of the younger generation who will not repeat the mistakes made by Prospero and Alonso. In Act 5 Scene 1, as they saw Ferdinand and Miranda playing chess together, Alonso told their reconciliation and unification through the marriage.

In Act 1 Scene 2, when Ferdinand first came out, he mourned over his father's death on the shore. Then, Ariel sang for him, and he thought that the song was for his dead father.[4]

Comparison to other characters[edit]

Steven H. Gale calls Ferdinand the Romeo of The Tempest.[5]

Cinematic portrayals[edit]

Reeve Carney plays as Ferdinand in the 2010 film.[6]

Named after[edit]

On the Uranus system, both the irregular moon and the Mirandan crater (located at the Prime Meridian near the equator)[7] are named for the character.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Prince Ferdinand in The Tempest". shmoop.com. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  2. ^ Sparknotes 101: Shakespeare. Spark Publishing. 2004. 1411400275. p. 268-269
  3. ^ "Notes to The Tempest " in Johnson's Shakespeare, as printed in Johnson on Shakespeare ed. Arthur Sherbo, (The Yale Edition of the Works of Samuel Johnson; vol. 7) p.135,
  4. ^ "Character Directory". hudsonshakespeare.org. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  5. ^ Steven H. Gale, Encyclopedia of British Humorists: Geoffrey Chaucer to John Cleese (Taylor & Francis, 1996), 946.
  6. ^ Borys Kit, "Two more storm ‘Tempest’cast," The Hollywood Reporter (13 Nov 2008).
  7. ^ "Planetary Names: Crater, craters: Ferdinand on Miranda". USGS. Gazeteer of Planetary Nomenclature. Retrieved March 13, 2018.