Ferdinand Albin Pax
Ferdinand Albin Pax (26 July 1858 – 1 March 1942) was a German botanist specializing in spermatophytes. A collaborator of Adolf Engler, he wrote several monographs and described several species of plants and animals from Silesia and the Carpathians. He was a professor at Wrocław University from 1893. His son Ferdinand Albert Pax (1885–1964) was a noted zoologist.
Life and work
Pax was born on 26 July 1858 in Dvůr Králové nad Labem, in what was then known as Bohemia to Carl Ferdinand, a mine superintendent in Schatzlar, and Elisabeth Haas (died 1861). He graduated from the Kamienna Góra gymnasium and joined the University of Wrocław. He received a Ph.D. in 1882 studying under Heinrich Göppert and moved to Kiel and habilitated in 1886 for studies on the Cyperaceae. He served as an assistant at the Botanical Garden and moved to Berlin in 1889 where he worked with Adolf Engler. In 1893 he became the chair of botany at Wrocław. He became a professor of botany and zoology at the University of Wrocław. Pax was a specialist on the plants in the families Primulaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Aceraceae.
He was married to Marie Serbin and they had a son Ferdinand Albert Pax, who became a zoologist and specialist on corals. Pax died on 1 March 1942 in Wroclaw, which at the time was part of Prussia and was buried at Ślężna.
The following are just two among numerous papers and monographs. He was one of the most prolific collaborators of Adolf Engler. A more complete list can be found in Stafleu & Cowan (1983). He described a number of plant species.
- Pax, Ferdinand Albin. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Amaryllidaceae (in Latin and German). pp. 318–337., in Engler (1890)
- Pax, Ferdinand. Amaryllidaceae. pp. 97–124., in Engler & Prantl (1888)
Plant genera that have been named after Pax include Neopaxia, Paxia, Paxiodendron, Paxina and Paxiuscula.
Taxa named by him (along with others like Engler) include Acalypha, Acidoton, Adenochlaena, Annesijoa novoguineensis, Argomuellera, Blachia, Cephalocrotonopsis, Chonocentrum, Cladogynos orientalis, Cleistanthus, Conceveiba, Crotonogynopsis, Deuteromallotus, Discoclaoxylon, Emblingiaceae, Erythrococca, Haematostemon, Hippeastrum, Jatropha, Lingelsheimia, Mareyopsis, Mildbraedia, Monadenium, Necepsia, Neoscortechinia, Neotrewia cumingii, Octospermum pleiogynum, Pachystylidium hirsutum, Petalodiscus, Plukenetia, Pseudagrostistachys, Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia, Ptychopyxis, Romanoa, Sphaerostylis, Tetraplandra, Thecacoris, and Zimmermannia.
- Hoppe, Brigitte (2001). "Pax, Ferdinand". New German Biography (in German). 20. p. 144.
- Mularczyk Magdalena: Prof. Ferdinand Pax (1858-1942), in: "Przyroda Górnego Śląska" nr 5/96 autumn, p. 12-13 (in polish)
- Stafleu, Frans A.; Cowan, Richard S. (1983). Taxonomic literature. Volume IV: P-Sak (2 ed.). Utrecht: Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema. pp. 119–122.
- Pax 1890.
- Engler, Adolf, ed. (1890). Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie. 11. Leipzig: Engelmann.
- Engler, Adolf; Prantl, Karl, eds. (1888). Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien nebst ihren Gattungen und wichtigeren Arten, insbesondere den Nutzpflanzen, unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher hervorragender Fachgelehrten 1887–1915 II(5) (in German). Leipzig: W. Engelmann. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- IPNI. Pax.