Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria
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|Archduke of Further Austria|
|Reign||25 July 1564 – 24 January 1595|
|Born||14 June 1529
|Died||24 January 1595(aged 65)|
Anne Juliana Gonzaga
|Issue||Margrave Andrew of Burgau
Charles, Margrave of Burgau
Anna, Holy Roman Empress
|House||House of Habsburg|
|Father||Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor|
|Mother||Anna of Hungary|
Ferdinand II, Archduke of Further Austria (Linz, 14 June 1529 – 24 January 1595, Innsbruck) was ruler of Further Austria including Tirol. The son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, he was married to Philippine Welser in his first marriage. In his second marriage to Anna Juliana Gonzaga, he was the father of Anna of Tyrol, the would-be Holy Roman Empress.
Archduke Ferdinand of Austria was the second son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. He was a younger brother of Emperor Maximilian II. At the behest of his father, he was put in charge of the administration of Bohemia in 1547. He also led the campaign against the Turks in Hungary in 1556.
In 1557 he was secretly married to Philippine Welser, daughter of a patrician from Augsburg, with whom he had several children. The marriage was only accepted by Emperor Ferdinand I in 1559 under the condition of secrecy. The children were to receive the name "of Austria" but would only be entitled to inherit if the House of Habsburg became totally extinct in the male line (See also: morganatic marriage). The sons born of this marriage received the title Margrave of Burgau, after the Margraviate of Burgau an ancient Habsburg possession in Further Austria. The younger of the sons, who survived their father, later received the princely title of Fürst zu Burgau.
After his father's death in 1564, Ferdinand became the ruler of Tirol and other Further Austrian possessions under his father's will. However, he remained governor of Bohemia in Prague until 1567 according to the wishes of his brother Maximilian II.
In his own lands, Ferdinand made sure that the Catholic counterreformation would prevail. He was an avid collector of art and the collection of the famous Castle Ambras near Innsbruck was started in his time. He had begun to work on it even during his time in Bohemia and subsequently moved it to Tyrol. In particular, the gallery of portraits and the collection of armor were highly expensive, which is why the archduke incurred a high level of debt. Today these collections are in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna and at Castle Ambras.
Archduke Ferdinand died on 24 January 1595. Since his sons from the first marriage were not entitled to the inheritance, and the second produced only surviving daughters, Tirol was reunified with the other Habsburg lines. His daughter from the Mantuan marriage became the Empress Anna, consort of Emperor Mathias, who received his Further Austrian inheritance.
He and his first wife Philippine Welser were parents of four children:
- Margrave Andrew of Burgau (15 June 1558 - 12 November 1600). Became a Cardinal in 1576, Margrave of Burgau in 1578, Bishop of Constance in 1589 and Bishop of Brixen in 1591. He had two illegitimate children.
- Charles, Margrave of Burgau (22 November 1560 - 30 October 1618), Margrave of Burgau. He married his first cousin, Sibylle (1557–1627), the youngest daughter of daughter of William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg (28 July 1516 - 5 January 1592), and Maria, Archduchess of Austria, daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor. They had no legitimate children. He and his mistress Chiara Elisa di Ferrero had three illegitimate children.
- Philip of Austria (7 August 1562 - 9 January 1563).
- Maria of Austria (7 August 1562 - 25 January 1563), twin of Philip.
- Archduchess Martha of Austria, died young.
- Archduchess Anna Eleonore of Austria (26 June 1583 - 15 January 1584).
- Archduchess Maria of Austria (16 June 1584 - 2 March 1649), a nun.
- Holy Roman Empress Anna of Austria (4 October 1585 - 14 December/15 December 1618). Married her first cousin Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor.
He had at least two illegitimate children:
–With Anna von Obrizon:
- Veronika von Villanders (1551–1589). Married Giovan Francesco di Gonzaga-Novellara, Lord of Campitello.
–With Johanna Lydl von Mayenburg:
- Hans Christoph von Hertenberg (c. 1592 - 2 September 1613). Married Ursula Gienger.
|Ancestors of Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria|
- The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - Biographical Dictionary - Consistory of 19 November 1576
- Stamboom-boden.com[dead link]
- Stamboom-boden.com[dead link]
Media related to Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria at Wikimedia Commons
|Archduke of Further Austria
Rudolph II who allowed succession by:
Mathias, Archduke of Further Austria
governor appointed by Mathias: Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria