Ferdinand I of Aragon
Ferdinand I being crowned by the infant Jesus in San Benito el Real Valladolid, by Juan Rodríguez de Toledo (c.1410–15)
|Reign||3 September 1412 – 2 April 1416|
|Coronation||January 1414 (Zaragoza)|
|Predecessor||Martin the Humane|
|Successor||Alfonso the Magnanimous|
|Born||27 November 1380|
Medina del Campo
|Died||2 April 1416 (aged 35)|
|Consort||Eleanor of Alburquerque|
|Alfonso V, King of Aragon|
Maria, Queen of Castile
John II, King of Aragon
Henry, Duke of Villena
Eleanor, Queen of Portugal
Peter, Count of Alburquerque
|Father||John I of Castile|
|Mother||Eleanor of Aragon|
Ferdinand I (Spanish: Fernando I; 27 November 1380 – 2 April 1416 in Igualada, Catalonia) named Ferdinand of Antequera and also the Just (or the Honest) was king of Aragon, Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia and (nominal) Corsica and king of Sicily, duke (nominal) of Athens and Neopatria, and count of Barcelona, Roussillon and Cerdanya (1412–1416). He was also regent of Castile (1406–1416).
In 1406, upon the death of his elder brother, King Henry III of Castile, Ferdinand declined the Castilian crown and instead, with Henry's widow Catherine of Lancaster, became coregent during the minority of his nephew John II of Castile. In this capacity he distinguished himself by his prudent administration of domestic affairs.
After Ferdinand's maternal uncle, King Martin I of Aragon (Martin II of Sicily), died without surviving legitimate issue, Ferdinand was chosen King of Aragon in 1412 to succeed him in the Compromise of Caspe. The other candidate, Count James II of Urgell (see Counts of Urgell), revolted and Ferdinand dissolved the County of Urgell in 1413.
The most notable accomplishment of his brief reign was his agreement in 1416 to depose the Antipope Benedict XIII, thereby helping to end the Western Schism, which had divided the Roman Catholic Church for nearly 40 years.
The Italian humanist Lorenzo Valla wrote an official biography of Ferdinand, Historiarum Ferdinandi regis Aragonum libri sex.
Family and children
In 1393 Ferdinand married Eleanor of Alburquerque (1374–1435). They had seven children:
- Alfonso V of Aragon (1396–1458), king of Aragon, Sicily and Naples
- Maria of Aragon, (1403–1445), queen of Castile, first wife of John II of Castile
- John II of Aragon (1398–1479)
- Henry of Aragon (c. 1400-1445), duke of Villena, count of Alburquerque and Empuries, lord of Sogorb, etc. and grand master of the military Order of Santiago
- Eleanor of Aragon, (1402–1445), queen of Portugal, who married Edward I of Portugal
- Peter of Aragon (1406–1438), count of Alburquerque and duke of Noto
- Sancho of Aragon (1410–1416), grand master of the Orders of Calatrava and Alcántara
Appearance and character
"He was tall, a little more than average, and thin and ruddy, and his cheeks had a few freckles... very patient to all who wanted to talk to him, even if their speeches were ordinary or not well-reasoned..."
- J. N Hillgarth, The Spanish Kingdoms. ISBN 0-19-822531-8
- T. N. Bisson, The Medieval Crown of Aragon. ISBN 0-19-820236-9
- Hillgarth, J.N. (1976). The Spanish Kingdoms, 1250-1516. Vol. I. Clarendon Press.
- Jones, J. A. P. (1997). Europe, 1500-1600. Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd.
- Ward, A.W.; Prothero, G.W.; Leathes, Stanley, eds. (1911). The Cambridge Modern History. Volume XIII. Cambridge at the University Press.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ferdinand I of Aragon.|
- Ferdinand I of Catalonia-Aragon in the Catalan Hyperencyclopaedia
- H. J. Chaytor, A History of Aragon and Catalonia, ch. 14, "The 'Compromise' of Caspe".
- La Monarquía Hispánica: Fernando I el de Antequera (1412-1416) (in Spanish)
- Article of Francesca Español Bertran on his tomb in Poblet (in Spanish)
Ferdinand I of AragonBorn: 27 November 1380 Died: 2 April 1416
Martin the Humane
| King of Aragon, Valencia, Majorca,
Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica;
Count of Barcelona, Roussillon and Cerdagne
Alfonso the Magnanimous