Ferdinand Keller (antiquity scholar)
|Born||December 24, 1800|
|Died||June 21, 1881|
|Known for||La Tène culture|
Ferdinand Keller (December 24, 1800 – June 21, 1881) was a Swiss archaeologist. He is mainly known for his investigations of Swiss lake dwellings in 1853–54, and work on the remains of the La Tène culture. He is the founder of the Antiquarische Gesellschaft in Zürich (Antiquarian Society in Zurich).
He was born at Marthalen. He studied theology and natural sciences at Zurich, Lausanne, and Paris. In 1831 he was made an instructor at Zurich, and secretary of the Society for Natural Research, and in this capacity he published various works on naked rock soil and vent holes. The discovery of the sepulchral mound at Burghölzli led to the founding of the Antiquarian Society of which Keller was long president, and to the founding of a museum, the growth of which was largely due to him. His most important discovery was the pile dwelling Meilen–Rorenhaab in the winter of 1853, and in later years the settlements Zürich–Enge Alpenquai, Kleiner Hafner and Grosser Hafner. In 1857 a skeleton wearing bronze jewelry was unearthed near Robenhausen, and Jakob Messikommer who later discovered and researched the Wetzikon-Robenhausen settlement, reported the findings to Keller. Keller encouraged him to search for prehistoric remains.
His articles on the pile dwelling were published in the proceedings of the Antiquarian Society. He also published Bauriss des Klosters Sankt Gallen vom Jahr 820 (1844), and an archaeological map of Eastern Switzerland (1874).
- Wood, James, ed. (1907). "Keller, Ferdinand". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne.
- Ferdinand Keller: Die keltischen Pfahlbauten in den Schweizerseen, Band 1. Mittheilungen der Antiquarischen Gesellschaft in Zürich, Zürich 1854.
- "Sites Switzerland: Meilen-Rorenhaab (CH-ZH-09)". palafittes.org. Retrieved 2014-12-10.
- "Sites Switzerland: Zürich–Enge Alpenquai (CH-ZH-09)". palafittes.org. Retrieved 2014-12-10.
- "Sites Switzerland: Zürich Kleiner and Grosser Hafner (CH-ZH-10)". palafittes.org. Retrieved 2014-12-10.
- The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Jakob Messikomer". britannica.com. Retrieved 2015-09-17.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Keller, Ferdinand (archæologist)". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. This work in turn cites:
- Meyer von Knonau, Lebensabriss von Ferdinand Keller (Zurich, 1882)
- Lee, The Lake Dwellings of Switzerland, and Other Parts of Europe, by Dr. F. Keller (2d ed., London, 1878).
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