Ferdinand Thomas Unger
|Ferdinand Thomas Unger|
Ferdinand Thomas Unger
October 28, 1914|
|Died||January 31, 1999
Arlington Hospital, Arlington, Virginia
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1937–1970|
Ferdinand Thomas Unger (October 28, 1914 – January 31, 1999) was a former United States Army Lieutenant General, High Commissioner of the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands, and governor of the U.S. Soldiers' and Airmen's Home in Northwest Washington D.C.
During World War II Unger commanded a field artillery battalion in Europe. After the war he served as commanding general of infantry divisions in Germany and Korea. During the Cuban Missile Crisis, Unger served as operations director of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
High Commissioner of the Ryukyu Islands
From November 1966 to January 1969 Unger served as High Commissioner of the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands. During this time he became the first High Commissioner to begin the process of granting more power to the people of the Ryukyu Islands. In his first meeting with the Ryukyu Legislature, he stated a willingness to rescind ordinances passed by his predecessors on the grounds that the legislature pass similar laws to handle the problems the ordinances covered. After consulting with local people, he also pushed the U.S. Government to allow the direct election of the Chief Executive of the Government of the Ryukyu Islands. This resulted, in 1968, in the election of Chobyo Yara, a reform candidate who served until 1972 when control of Okinawa was given back to Japan.
After leaving Okinawa Unger served as plans and policy director for the Joint Chiefs of Staff until his retirement in 1970. He later served as governor of the U.S. Soldiers and Airmens Home in Washington, D.C. He died on January 31, 1999 and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
His honors included two Distinguished Service Medals, five Legions of Merit, two Bronze Stars and two Army Commendation Medals.
- The Ryukyuanist: A Newsletter on the Ryukyuan/Okinawan Studies, Summer 1999, number 44, page 8
- Biographical register of the officers and graduates of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.: from its establishment, in 1802, to 1890, with the early history of the United States Military Academy, Volume 8, by George Washington Cullum, Houghton, Mifflin, 1940.
- "Ferdinand T. Unger, Lieutenant General, United States Army," Arlington National Cemetery information page, accessed September 9, 2012.