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Ferdinando d'Adda

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Ferdinando d'Adda
Cardinal-Bishop of Albano
Ferdinando d'Adda, in a portrait by Sir Godfrey Kneller
ChurchCatholic Church
Consecration1 May 1687
by Dominic Maguire
Created cardinal6 May 1690
by Alexander VIII
Personal details
Born27 August 1649
Died27 January 1719 (age 68)
Rome, Papal States
BuriedSan Carlo ai Catinari

Ferdinando d'Adda (27 August 1649 – 27 January 1719) was a Roman Catholic Cardinal, bishop and diplomat. As a member of the family of the counts of Adda, he was a kinsman of Pope Innocent XI,[1] who conferred upon him the titular abbacy of a famous abbey.[2]


Ferdinando d'Adda was born to an ancient patrician family in Milan.[3] He was educated at Bologna and Pavia. He served as Prefect of the Congregation of Rites. Having performed a purely formal duty in Madrid in 1681, Adda was sent by Innocent XI as Papal Nuncio in London during the reign of James II in November 1685,[4] the Catholic Encyclopedia reports that he was charged with the delicate task of inducing the English King to intercede with Louis XIV (then quite inimical to the Holy See) in favour of the oppressed Protestants of France.[5]

He was made titular Archbishop of Amasia,[6] and was consecrated in the Royal Chapel of St James's Palace, in a full Roman Catholic ceremony on 1 May 1687[7] by Dominic Maguire, Archbishop of Armagh, with John Leyburn, Titular Bishop of Adramyttium, and John O'Molony, Bishop of Killaloe, serving as co-consecrators.[8] The King's decision at the ceremony to prostrate himself before d'Adda horrified his Protestant courtiers, who were in no way reassured by his explanation that he was kneeling to d'Adda as Archbishop, not as nuncio.[9] During his residence in England he was often quite critical of the King's policies: he was one of the few Catholic observers who understood that the Trial of the Seven Bishops for seditious libel, (in that they had refused to republish the King's Declaration of Indulgence) would be a serious political mistake. He remarked "This matter seems very serious, and perhaps the most critical that has yet arisen in this reign. It could yet have more implications than are yet apparent."[10]

D'Adda was made Cardinal Priest of San Clemente by Pope Alexander VIII in 1690. In 1715, d'Adda was made Cardinal Bishop of Albano, and began a thorough restoration of Albano Cathedral, where his memorial records his works.

He died in Rome in 1719 and is buried in the church of San Carlo ai Catinari.


  • Dal Pozzo, Francesco (1679). Trattato intorno al gouerno del magnif. Collegio sopra la custodia dell'Adige. Con raccolta vniuersale de decreti dell'eccellentiss. Senato, Ordini, e Capitoli in tal materia stabiliti in diuersi tempi dal Consiglio di 12. e 50. della magnifica citta di Verona, & di detto officio. Ridotto in capi da Francesco dal Pozzo dottor collegiato ... In Verona: per Gio. Battista Merlo stamp. cam.


  1. ^ Notes and Queries. 1868. pp. 204–. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
  2. ^ Miranda, Salvador. "ADDA, Ferdinando d' (1650-1719)". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Florida International University. OCLC 53276621.
  3. ^ Miranda.
  4. ^ Sent at James's request, he was the first papal nuncio in England since the reign of Mary.
  5. ^ Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Ferdinando d'Adda" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  6. ^ Macaulay, Thomas Babington, History of England. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1878. Vol. II, Chapter VIII, p. 210
  7. ^ Miranda.
  8. ^ Cheney, David M. "Ferdinando Cardinal d'Adda". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved 14 February 2019. [self-published]
  9. ^ Kenyon, J.P The Stuarts Fontana edition 1966 p. 155
  10. ^ Kenyon, J.P Robert Spencer, Earl of Sunderland 1641–1702 Gregg Revivals 1992 p.194

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Ferdinando d'Adda". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Apostolic Nuncio to Great Britain
Succeeded by
Preceded by Titular Archbishop of Amasea
Succeeded by
Preceded by Cardinal-Priest of San Clemente
Succeeded by
Preceded by Cardinal-Priest of Santa Balbina
Succeeded by
Preceded by Cardinal-Priest of San Pietro in Vincoli
Succeeded by
Preceded by Cardinal-Bishop of Albano
Succeeded by