|Fereydoon Abbasi Davani|
|Head of Atomic Energy Organization of Iran|
13 February 2011 – 16 August 2013
|Preceded by||Mohammad Ahmadian (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Ali Akbar Salehi|
11 July 1958|
|Political party||Association of Islamic Revolution Loyalists|
|Alma mater||Shahid Beheshti University|
Fereydoon Abbasi-Davani (Persian: فریدون عباسی دوانی; born 11 July 1958) is an Iranian nuclear scientist who was head of Atomic Energy Organization from 2011 to 2013. He survived an assassination attempt in 2010, but was seriously wounded.
Early life and education
Abbasi was a professor of nuclear physics at Shahid Beheshti University and has reportedly been a member of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) since the 1979 Islamic Revolution. He reportedly did nuclear research at the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI). Prior to his appointment as head of the AEOI he chaired the physics department at Tehran's Imam Hossein University.
Abbasi was appointed head of AEOI by then President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on 13 February 2011 to succeed Ali Akbar Salehi. In his tenure the AEOI was unwilling to cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). In fact in May 2011 Fereydoon Abbasi was the recipient of a letter from the IAEA, where its Director General Yukiya Amano reiterated the agency's concerns about the "existence of a possible military dimension" to Iran's nuclear programme and stressed the importance of clarifying these issues, requesting prompt access to relevant locations, equipment, documentation and persons. In June 2011 Abbasi replayed evasively, so much so that the IAEA Director could only repeat his request for credible assurances.
Abbasi was removed from office on 16 August 2013 and Salehi replaced him in the post.
Abbasi has regularly been linked to Iran's alleged efforts to make the nuclear weapon, a process called weaponization. According to an Institute for Science and International Security report citing an expert close to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Abbasi was a key scientist in the alleged Iranian covert nuclear weapons program headed by Mohsen Fakhrizadeh-Mahabadi, a strong supporter of Iran's alleged nuclear weapons program. Abbasi personally directed work to calculate the yield of a nuclear weapon as well as work on high energy neutron sources, this expert added.
According to the same report, the IAEA had information that Abbasi was the head of the Institute of Applied Physics (IAP), which was a follow-on organization to the Physics Research Center. Both of the organizations acted as fronts for scientific work on a possible Iranian nuclear weapons program.
Designation by the UN
Abbasi is "listed in an annex to U.N. Security Council Resolution 1747 of 24 March 2007, as a person involved in Iran's nuclear or ballistic missile activities". This resolution imposes an asset freeze and travel notification requirements. Abbasi is described as a "Senior Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces Logistics (MODAFL) scientist with links to the Institute of Applied Physics, working closely with Mahabadi (also designated by the UN).
On 29 November 2010, Abbasi was seriously wounded and narrowly survived an assassination attempt on a Tehran street, as a man on a motorbike attached a bomb to his car as he drove to work. A separate similar bomb attack the same day killed another scientist, Dr. Majid Shahriari, who also taught at Shahid Beheshti University.
- "Iranian 'nuclear scientist' killed", Al Jazeera, 29 November 2010
- David E. Sanger; William J. Broad (23 July 2011). "Survivor of Attack Leads Nuclear Effort in Iran". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- ISIS online report on Abbasi, 24 June 2011
- Sasha Henriques (6 June 2011). "June Board of Governors Meeting Convenes - Islamic Republic of Iran". IAEA. Retrieved 2018-01-28.
- "Iran Parliament approves big Rouhani cabinet nominees, rejects 3". Hurriyet. Dubai. Reuters. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- "Security Council toughens sanctions against Iran, adds arms embargo, with Unanimous Adoption of Resolution 1747 (2007)". United Nations. 24 March 2007. Retrieved 2018-01-28.
- Survivor of Attack Leads Iran’s Nuclear Acceleration - The New York Times
- Israel’s role in assassinations of nuclear scientists - Tehran Times
- Iranian nuclear scientist killed in motorbike attack - BBC News
- Major Media Suppressing Obama Assassination Story – American Free Press
- Bomb blast blamed on Israel and US kills Iran nuclear scientist, The Independent, 30 November 2010
Media related to Fereydoon Abbasi at Wikimedia Commons
| President of Imam Hossein University
| Head of Atomic Energy Organization
Ali Akbar Salehi