|Birth name||Fereydoun Farrokhzad|
|Also known as||Farrokhzad|
October 7, 1938|
|Died||August 8, 1992
|Occupation(s)||Singer, TV/Radio Host, Entertainer, Poet, Writer, Activist, Humanitarian|
|Associated acts||Mahasti, Googoosh, Sattar, Ebi, Shohreh Solati, Shahram Shabpareh|
Fereydoun Farrokhzad (Persian: فریدون فرخزاد) (October 7, 1938 – August 8, 1992) was an Iranian singer, actor, poet, TV and radio host, writer, and iconic opposition political figure. He is best known for his successful show variety TV show "Mikhak-e Noghrei" (The Silver Carnation). He was the brother of the acclaimed Persian poet Forough Farrokhzad and Pooran Farrokhzad.
He was forced into exile after the Iranian Revolution in 1979, and after relocating to Germany was the victim of an unsolved murder. The murder is "widely believed to be the work of The Islamic Republic of Iran".
Fereydoun Farrokhzad was born in Chahar Raheh Gomrok (Gomrok Intersection), a neighborhood in Tehran, Iran. He was the fourth of seven children (Pouran, Amir(masoud),Forough, Fereydoun, Gloria, Mehrdad and Mehran). After graduating from high school he went to Germany and Austria for his post-secondary education. He got his Advanced Graduate degree in Political Science from the Munich University. At a young age Farrokhzad had a passion for poetry and for singing. He turned that passion to reality in 1962 when he started writing poems in German which were published in two German newspapers. In 1964 Farrokhzad published his collection of poems called "Fasleh Deegar" (Another Season). His book was critically acclaimed and was honored by many famous German poets. Five months after the release of "Fasleh Deegar" Farrokhzad received the Poetry Award of Berlin. For a couple of years Farrokhzad was a member of the Munich Academy of Poetry. In 1966 he found his way to the Television and Radio of Munich. On Radio he had a comedy and music program which played middle eastern music including music from Iran. On TV he created and produced a show called خيابان های آلپ (Alpine Roads). In 1967 he returned to Iran and performed on successful radio and TV shows. His most successful and famous TV show was "Mikhakeh Noghrei" (Silver Carnation), and his radio show which aired every other Friday mornings called Jom'eh Bazzar (Friday Baazzaar). The TV show was watched by millions of Iranians. On the show Farokhzad introduced and discovered many famous Iranian artists including Sattar, Shohreh, Shahram Solati, Ebi, Morteza, Rouhi Savoji, Hamid Shabkhiz, Leila Forouhar, Saeed Mohammadi and many more. After the 1979 revolution, Farrokhzad was imprisoned, then released. He escaped the country and settled in the country of his youth college years, Germany.
Esfandiar Monfaredzadeh mentioned that Farrokhzad was bisexual. He said: "His main obstacle was the bisexuality that he was not ashamed of; he knew it and he wanted people to understand it. However that time was too early for understanding that this is a genetic occurrence; For people it had other meanings. They used to think of homosexuals as passive and disreputable individuals. Farrokhzad wanted to break this taboo alone; In a culture that still has not accepted homo/bisexuality. I asked him several times not to tell, at least for now."
Farrokhzad married and divorced twice. His first marriage took place in 1962, to a German/polish woman named Ania Buchkowski, whom he met at Oxford. Like Farrokhzad, she had a passion for poetry and theater; it was after meeting her that Farrokhzad started writing poems. The result of this marriage was a son named Rostam. Farrokhzad and Ania later separated and got divorced. His second marriage was January 1974 to a young and beautiful Iranian girl named Taraneh which also ended in divorce. 
According to Voice of America, Farrokhzad was known by his fans as an "educated patriot" who frequently criticized the Islamic Republic and its leaders and who was present during many demonstrations against the clerical government.
Farrokhzad produced a weekly radio show for the "Voice of the Flag of Freedom Organization of Iran," the radio station of the Organization of Kaviyani Banner, an "organization of exiled supporters of the Iranian monarchy." Farrokhzad also acted in a film, "I Love Vienna", which was considered by some Iranian authorities as anti-Islamic.[not in citation given]
On August 8 (exact date of occurrence sometime between August 3–8), 1992 Farrokhzad's body was found in the kitchen of his home apartment in Bonn, Germany, in a dried pool of blood, stabbed 40 times in face and upper torso. Prior to his murder, Farrokzhad had been involved in producing an opposition radio program and reportedly received death threats. In his show the Royal Albert Hall in London he criticized Khomeini and made fun of Khomeini's obsession with sex in his Ressaleh book, which followed death threats and concerns for him.
According to the U.S. state-funded Voice of America (VOA), the murder was "widely believed to be the work of Iran's Islamic government".
To this day Farrokhzad is considered one of the best entertainers and showmen that Iran has ever had. His songs are still played on Iranian TV and Radio shows outside of Iran. Many artists like Saeed Mohammadi and Shahram Shabpareh have done covers of his famous songs. He is responsible for the success of many Iranian artists that are famous today. Singer Ebi has said that he owes his success to Farrokhzad.
- Payvand News - Dialogue of Murder
- "48 Hours remembered the great showman Fereydoun Farrokhzad". VOA News. June 21. Check date values in:
- Pre-Revolutionary Iranian Pop: Googoosh to Farrokhzad, PRI's The World, 20 August 2013
- Refworld. Chronology of Events: June 1989 -July 1994, (see: 3 August)