Fergana Region (Uzbek: Farg‘ona viloyati, Russian: Ферганская область) is one of the regions of Uzbekistan, located in the southern part of the Fergana Valley in the far east of the country. It borders the Namangan and Andijan Regions of Uzbekistan, as well as Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. It covers an area of 6,800 km2. The population is estimated to be around 2,597,000, with over 71% of the population living in rural areas.
Fergana Region is divided into 15 administrative districts. The capital is the city of Fergana.
Fergana Region has a typically continental climate with extreme differences between winter and summer temperatures.
Agriculture is the main economy activity of Fergana Region, primarily irrigated cotton, sericulture, horticulture, and wine. Animal husbandry concentrates on meat and milk production.
Natural resources include deposits of petroleum, ceramic clays, and construction materials.
Industry is primarily based on oil refining, fertilizer and chemical production, textile and silk weaving, light industry, clothing and ceramics. The area is also a center for the production of traditional Uzbek handicrafts, especially pottery.