Ferlach

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ferlach
Ferlacher Horn 01.jpg
Coat of arms of Ferlach
Coat of arms
Ferlach is located in Austria
Ferlach
Ferlach
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 46°32′N 14°18′E / 46.533°N 14.300°E / 46.533; 14.300Coordinates: 46°32′N 14°18′E / 46.533°N 14.300°E / 46.533; 14.300
Country Austria
State Carinthia
District Klagenfurt-Land
Government
 • Mayor Ingo Appé (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 117.25 km2 (45.27 sq mi)
Elevation 466 m (1,529 ft)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 7,167
 • Density 61/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9170
Area code 04227
Website www.ferlach.at

Ferlach (Slovene: Borovlje) is the southernmost town in Austria, about 17 km south of the Carinthian capital Klagenfurt.

Geography[edit]

It is situated in the Rosental/Rož Valley of the Drava River, at the northern slope of the Karawanken mountain range. The commune consists of the Katastralgemeinden of Ferlach (Borovlje), Kappel an der Drau (Kapla ob Dravi), Kirschentheuer (Kožentavra), Unterloibl (Podljublj), Waidisch (Bajdiše), Unterferlach (Medborovnica), Glainach (Glinje), Seidolach (Ždovlje) and Windisch Bleiberg (Slovenji Plajberg).

Population[edit]

According to the 2001 census 8.3% of the population are Carinthian Slovenes.

Ferlach Castle
Village Number of people 1991 Percent of Slovenes 1991 Percent of Slovenes 1951
Bodental/Poden 115 53.9% 83.3%
Loibltal/Brodi 70 51.4% 68.2%
Strugarjach/Strugarje 18 61.6% 94.1%
W.Bleiberg/Slovenji Plajberk 124 66.9% 87.3%
Waidisch/Bajdiše 93 37.6% 44.5%
Glainach/Glinje 114 12.3% 84.7%
Kappel a.D./Kapla ob Dravi 262 6.5% 30.3%
Tratten/Trata 82 15.9% 41.4%
Unterglainach/Vesca 32 37.5% 100%
Laak/Loka 41 14.6% 100%
Seidolach/Ždovlje 87 18.4% 74.5%
Dörfl/Kajže 18 55.6% 79.4%
Singerberg/Žingarica 9 11.1% 100%
Rauth/Rute 11 9.1% 100%
Görtschach/Goriče 230 8.8% 13.7%
Reßnig/Resnica 212 7.1% 44.8%
Kirschentheuer/Kožentavra 252 7.9% 45.6%
Otroutza/Otrovca 71 5.6% 41.0%
Strau/Struga 222 5.0% 28.5%
Unterloibl/Podljubelj 240 8.3% 22.1%

Ferlach was first mentioned as Vörelach in a 1246 deed, named after the Föhre (pine) tree, or bor in Slovene. An ironworks and forging site since the 15th century, Ferlach was known for its firearms manufacturers, the main armorer of the Habsburg Monarchy. Ferlach received town privileges in 1930 and today is a centre for the production of hunting rifles. The history of the town is depicted in its coat of arms: it features a pine tree with a cone, two crossed silver nails, and a rifle.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ferlach
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.8
(56.8)
21.8
(71.2)
24.8
(76.6)
27.0
(80.6)
31.4
(88.5)
32.8
(91)
36.5
(97.7)
36.0
(96.8)
31.0
(87.8)
26.2
(79.2)
18.8
(65.8)
17.8
(64)
36.5
(97.7)
Average high °C (°F) 0.9
(33.6)
5.0
(41)
10.8
(51.4)
15.3
(59.5)
20.6
(69.1)
23.7
(74.7)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
20.9
(69.6)
14.6
(58.3)
6.3
(43.3)
1.3
(34.3)
14.2
(57.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−1.4
(29.5)
3.5
(38.3)
8.2
(46.8)
13.5
(56.3)
16.7
(62.1)
18.6
(65.5)
18.1
(64.6)
13.7
(56.7)
8.2
(46.8)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.7
(27.1)
7.8
(46)
Average low °C (°F) −7.1
(19.2)
−5.4
(22.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
2.5
(36.5)
7.2
(45)
10.7
(51.3)
12.5
(54.5)
12.3
(54.1)
8.6
(47.5)
4.3
(39.7)
−1.1
(30)
−5.2
(22.6)
3.16
(37.68)
Record low °C (°F) −24.3
(−11.7)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−16.7
(1.9)
−6.0
(21.2)
−2.6
(27.3)
2.0
(35.6)
3.7
(38.7)
3.5
(38.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
−10.6
(12.9)
−15.0
(5)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−24.3
(−11.7)
Rainfall mm (inches) 51.9
(2.043)
50.4
(1.984)
70.3
(2.768)
99.1
(3.902)
104.0
(4.094)
134.0
(5.276)
137.0
(5.394)
120.1
(4.728)
122.6
(4.827)
118.0
(4.646)
114.7
(4.516)
80.0
(3.15)
1,202.1
(47.327)
Snowfall cm (inches) 28.9
(11.38)
33.7
(13.27)
19.1
(7.52)
10.8
(4.25)
0.2
(0.08)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.8
(0.31)
13.8
(5.43)
29.2
(11.5)
136.5
(53.74)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0mm) 5.8 5.1 7.5 9.3 11.4 12.0 11.4 9.8 8.5 8.3 7.8 6.8 103.7
Avg. snowy days (≥ 1.0cm) 26.1 21.4 12.9 1.8 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 5.9 19.8 88.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 78.8 123.0 158.3 175.2 212.5 217.5 241.2 233.0 180.5 125.6 66.0 57.4 1,869
Source:[citation needed]

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipal assembly (Gemeinderat) as of 2003 elections:

Transportation[edit]

Ferlach lies at the junction of the Bundesstraße B85 Rosental Straße with B91 Loiblpass Straße (European route E652), running from Klagenfurt to the Loiblpass and Slovenia. The Ferlach railway line went out of service in 1951, but on summer weekends and special occasions a heritage railway service, the Rosentaler Dampfzug runs as far as Wiezelsdorf, operated by the preservation group Nostalgiebahnen in Kärnten.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]