Fernand Guyou

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Fernand Eugene Guyou
Born 7 January 1891
Champigny-sur-Marne
Died 1 September 1944
Morocco
Allegiance France
Service/branch Aviation
Rank Sous lieutenant
Unit Escadrille 49, Escadrille 15, Escadrille 395, Escadrille 351, Escadrille 463, Escadrille 93
Awards Legion d'Honneur, Medaille Militaire, Croix de Guerre with seven palmes and an etoile

Sous Lieutenant Fernand Eugene Guyou was a World War I flying ace credited with twelve aerial victories.[1]

World War I service[edit]

Infantry service[edit]

Guyou was serving as an enlisted Brigadier in the cavalry reserves when war began. On 3 September 1914, he was assigned the duties of mounted scout for the 46eme Regiment d'Infanterie. On 12 October, he was promoted to Maréchal-des-logis. On 12 April 1915, he was transferred to 8eme Regiment de Chausseurs. On 20 December 1915, he was sent for pilot's training. He earned Military Pilot's Brevet No. 2697, awarded on 17 February 1916.[2]

Flying service[edit]

His initial flying assignment on 26 May 1916 was with Escadrille N49 (the 'N' signifying the squadron operated Nieuports). He moved on to Escadrille N15 on 12 August; on 23 September, he was severely wounded in action. Upon his recovery, he reported for reassignment on 20 December 1916. On 17 January 1917, he was sent to Escadrille N463. On 13 August, he was again sent for reposting; this time, he went to Escadrille N93 on the 25th. Here he found momentary success, cooperating with Gustave Daladier in shooting down a German two-seater reconnaissance plane on 30 October 1917. It would be seven more months before his second win, when he helped down an observation balloon on 30 May 1918. He would score twice more while with N93, and leave it when on the brink of acedom. With his new unit, Escadrille Spa37, he would use a Spad to tally eight more victories between 3 August 1918 and war's end, sharing them with fellow aces Bernard Barny de Romanet, Roger Poupon, and Georges Lienhart[3] By the armistice, Guyou had logged over 431 hours flight time.[4][5]

Promotions and awards[edit]

On 25 January 1918, Guyou was promoted to Adjutant. On 6 April, he was awarded the Medaille Militaire to accompany his Croix de Guerre. He received a temporary commission as a sous lieutenant on 1 June 1918. His career as an ace was capped with the receipt of the Legion d'Honneur on 16 October 1918.[6]

Post World War I[edit]

Guyou flew as an airline pilot; he also flew for Potez. He rejoined the service for World War II, and died in Morocco on 1 September 1944.[7]

References[edit]

  • Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914-1918 Norman L. R. Franks, Frank W. Bailey. Grub Street, 1992. ISBN 0-948817-54-2, ISBN 978-0-948817-54-0.

Endnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914-1918. p. 172. 
  2. ^ Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914-1918. p. 172. 
  3. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/guyou.php Retrieved on 16 July 2010.
  4. ^ Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914-1918. p. 172. 
  5. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/france/barny.php Retrieved on 16 July 2010.
  6. ^ Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914-1918. p. 172. 
  7. ^ Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914-1918. p. 172.