He graduated in Spanish Philology and has been living and working as a lecturer in Spanish language in Germany since 1985. His 2006 novel Fuegos con limón described his youthful experiences in Grupo CLOC de Arte y Desarte, a surrealist group which published a magazine between 1978 and 1981. He won the Premio Tusquets de Novela in 2011 for his novel Años lentos, and the Premio Biblioteca Breve in 2015 for Ávidas pretensiones. He is considered among the most important living Spanish writers, alongside novelists like Arturo Pérez-Reverte, Andrés Pascual and Eduardo Mendoza, all of them included in the so-called Spanish New Narrative.
- Fuegos con limón (Fires with Lemon) (won the Ramón Gómez de le Serna prize in 1997)
- Los ojos vacíos (Empty Eyes) (Euskadi Prize in 2001)
- El Trompetista del Utopia (The Trompetist of Utopia) (made into a film called Under the Stars)
- Bambi sin sombra (Shadowless Bambi)
- El artista y su cadaver (The Artist and his Corpse) (short prose writings)
- Vida de un piojo llamado Matías (Life of a louse called Matias) (children's book)
- No ser no duele (Not being does not hurt) (short stories)
- Los peces de la amargura (The Fish of Bitterness) (short stories; won the Mario Varga Llosa NH prize in 2006)
- Ávidas pretensiones (Avid Pretensions) (2014)
- Patria (Homeland) (2016)
- Autorretrato sin mí (Self-portrait without me) (2018)
- Los vencejos (The swifts) (2021)
- Cruz, Juan (2017-10-17). "Fernando Aramburu, premio Nacional de Narrativa por 'Patria'". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved 2020-01-30.
- Senabre, Ricardo (20 December 1996). "Fuegos con limón: Fernando Aramburu". ABC Cultural (in Spanish). Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- "Fernando Aramburu, Premio Tusquets por su novela 'Años lento". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 2011-11-29. Retrieved 2020-01-30.
- "Fernando Aramburu gana el Biblioteca Breve con 'Ávidas pretensiones'" [Fernando Aramburu Wins the Biblioteca Breve with 'Ávidas pretensiones']. La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Barcelona. 10 February 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- "Rioja news - 10 Best Writers".