|51st Mayor of São Paulo|
1 January 2013 – 1 January 2017
|Vice Mayor||Nádia Campeão|
|Preceded by||Gilberto Kassab|
|Succeeded by||João Doria|
|Minister of Education|
29 July 2005 – 24 January 2012
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva|
|Preceded by||Tarso Genro|
|Succeeded by||Aloizio Mercadante|
25 January 1963|
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
|Political party||Workers' Party|
|Spouse(s)||Ana Estela Haddad (1988–present)|
|Education||University of São Paulo|
Fernando Haddad (born 25 January 1963) is a Brazilian academic and politician who served as Mayor of São Paulo from 2013 to 2017. He is the Workers' Party candidate for President of Brazil in the 2018 election, replacing former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, whose candidacy was barred by the Superior Electoral Court under the Clean Slate law. Haddad will face Jair Bolsonaro in the run-off of the election.
He is of Lebanese Orthodox Christian origin and studied law, economics and philosophy at the University of São Paulo. He was Minister of Education from 2005 to 2012 in the cabinets of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Dilma Rousseff.
Haddad was born in São Paulo, the second of three children of salesman Khalil Haddad, a Christian Lebanese immigrant that arrived in Brazil in 1948 from Ain Aata, and Norma Teresa Gousain, the daughter of Lebanese immigrants. Haddad has two sisters, Priscila and Lúcia. Their mother is a spiritist. Haddad's grandfather Cury Habib Haddad, whom he did not meet, was a priest for the Eastern Orthodox Church in Lebanon.
Haddad holds a master's degree in economics and a doctorate in philosophy from the University of São Paulo. He began his career as an investment analyst at Unibanco, but has devoted much of his career to public service. Haddad has been a consultant for the Fundação Instituto de Pesquisas Econômicas — an economics research institute — based at the School of Economics, Business and Accounting of the University of São Paulo, chief of staff to the Finance and Economic Development Secretary of the municipality of São Paulo, and a special advisor to the Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management. He is also a professor in the political science department of the University of São Paulo.
Haddad took over the cabinet position of Minister of Education on 29 July 2005, when his predecessor, Tarso Genro, left the position to become the chairman of the Workers' Party. In 2007, Haddad established the Basic Education Development Index (IDEB) to measure the quality of public primary and middle schools. Under Haddad's tenure as minister, the Lula administration implemented the University for All Program (ProUni), which aims at offering scholarships for low-income students attending private universities. The Ministry also made several reforms to the National High School Exam (ENEM) so as to amplify its usage in college admissions. In 2009 Haddad's ministry became embroiled in controversy after that year's ENEM leaked, which forced the government to cancel the exam scheduled for October.
During the 2012 municipal elections, Haddad was a candidate for Mayor of São Paulo. After successfully advancing to the second round, he faced former mayor José Serra (who was the most voted candidate in the first round) and won with 55.57% of the valid votes. As Mayor, Haddad implemented an expansion of the city's network of bike lanes, promising to extend it from 64.7 km to 400 km in 2016. The project's reaction was polarized by residents of São Paulo.
In June 2013, his administration faced big demonstrations, when São Paulo city hall and the government of the state of São Paulo (which runs the train and metro system of São Paulo) announced the raising of tickets prices from R$3,00 to R$3,20. The 2013 demonstrations were the biggest protest movement since those in 1992 against President Fernando Collor de Mello.
Haddad was approved by only 14% of paulistanos in July 2016, the lowest for the end of a mayoral term since Celso Pitta in 2000. On October 2, 2016, Haddad lost his bid for re-election to Brazilian Social Democracy Party candidate João Doria, receiving only 17% of the vote. He left office on January 1, 2017.
2018 presidential election
Haddad was announced as Lula da Silva's running mate in the 2018 presidential election in August 2018. However, the Superior Electoral Court ruled on 31 August that the former president is ineligible to run because his candidacy doesn't qualify under the Ficha Limpa law, which bans people convicted on appeal from running for public office; Lula was arrested in April after his conviction for corruption was upheld by the federal court of the fourth region. On 11 September 2018, Haddad was named by the Workers' Party as Lula's replacement, with Communist Party legislator Manuela d'Ávila taking Haddad's place as the vice presidential candidate.
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- "Folha de S.Paulo - Ensino: SP e MG vão aderir ao PAC da Educação, afirma ministério - 27/02/2008". www1.folha.uol.com.br.
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- "Folha de S.Paulo - Poder - Falhas do Enem viram vidraça de Haddad - 19/02/2012". www1.folha.uol.com.br.
- "Enem vaza e ministério anuncia cancelamento do exame - Educação - Estadão".
- "Brazil's ruling party wins Sao Paulo mayor race: exit polls". France 24. AFP. 28 October 2012. Archived from the original on 29 October 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
- Tavener, Ben (9 October 2012). "Brazil in Second Round of 2012 Elections". The Rio Times. Rio de Janeiro. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
- Barifouse, Rafael (27 June 2015). "Pedal power forges ahead in Sao Paulo's famous Avenida Paulista". BBC News – via www.bbc.com.
- Johnson, Reed; Jelmayer, Rogerio (23 September 2015). "Mayor Fernando Haddad's Pro-Bike Push Polarizes São Paulo". Wall Street Journal – via www.wsj.com.
- Agência Brasil: Manifestantes contra aumento da passagem entram em conflito com PM em São Paulo Archived 2013-11-21 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Haddad tem pior avaliação em fim de mandato desde Pitta".
- Media mogul's Sao Paulo win boosts backer's hopes of Brazil presidency Oct. 3, 2016
- "TSE decide por 6 votos a 1 rejeitar a candidatura de Lula a presidente".
- "Brazilian presidential election goes to a second round as far-right candidate narrowly misses an outright win". www.washingtonpost.com.
- Fernando Haddad on Twitter
- São Paulo 2004 mayoral race pages
- http://citymayors.com/mayors/saopaulo_mayor.html Profile on CityMayors.com
| 51st Mayor of São Paulo
| Minister of Education
|Party political offices|
| PT nominee for Vice President of Brazil
Dilma Rousseff (2014)
Luís Inácio Lula da Silva (2018)
| PT nominee for President of Brazil