Fernando Mönckeberg Barros

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Fernando Mönckeberg Barros
Born
Fernando Rafael Mönckeberg Barros

(1926-06-26) 26 June 1926 (age 94)[1]
Santiago, Chile
Alma materHarvard University
OccupationPhysician, academic
Parents
  • Gustavo Mönckeberg (father)
  • Beatriz Barros de Mönckeberg (mother)
RelativesGustavo Mönckeberg Barros [es] (brother)
Awards

Fernando Rafael Mönckeberg Barros (born 26 June 1926) is a Chilean surgeon, doctor of medicine specializing in nutrition, professor, researcher, and economist at the University of Chile.[2] He is the founder of the Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology of the University of Chile [es] (INTA) and president of the Corporation for Child Nutrition [es] (CONIN).[1]

Early life[edit]

The son of Gustavo Mönckeberg Bravo and Beatriz Barros Calvo, Fernando Rafael Mönckeberg is the brother of gynecologist and politician Gustavo Mönckeberg Barros [es].

He finished his secondary education, overcoming great difficulties due to undiagnosed dyslexia; his grades did not give him many options when applying to universities. He performed military service, where he was assigned to the telecommunications sector. There he discovered that telegraphy did not present him with the same problems as writing, so he decided that he would continue in that line of work once his service was finished. However, a woman with whom he had a close relationship for a few years managed to use her influence to allow him to enter the University of Chile, where he graduated with a degree in medicine in 1952. In 1958 he did postgraduate studies in biochemistry and teaching at Harvard University.[3]

Academic career[edit]

Mönckeberg Barros developed extensive scientific research in the field of child malnutrition in Chile, publishing articles in specialized journals inside and outside the country.[4] He formed CONPAN, an autonomous entity whose objective was the elaboration and coordination of a food and nutrition policy, and he managed to make the country adopt enriched milk.[4] He is the founder and president of the Corporation for Child Nutrition (CONIN).[3]

In 1959 he became an associate professor of pediatrics at Harvard University Children's Hospital. In 1965 he became a professor of pediatrics at the University of Chile, as well as president of the Chilean Society of Pediatrics and president of the Latin American Nutrition Society. Two years later he founded the Latin American Pediatric Research Society and served as its first president.[3] In 1972 he created INTA, and was its director until 1994. In 1975 he founded CONIN.[4]

From 1994 to 1996 he was rector of the Universidad Santo Tomás [es].[1] From 1998 to 1999 he was rector of the Iberoamerican University of Science and Technology.[5] In 2001 he became dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences at Diego Portales University.[3]

Mönckeberg Barros has been an academic at the "House of Bello" (University of Chile) for more than 30 years. He has been elected an honorary member of national and international institutions, mainly in the pediatric and nutritional fields, including the Chilean Academy of Medicine [es],[6] the United States Academy of Pediatrics, the Third World Scientific Academy, and academies of England, Spain, Brazil, and Argentina.

He was an advisor to specialized committees of the United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization, UNICEF, and the World Health Organization.[7]

In 1989 he tried unsuccessfully to present his candidacy for the Presidency of the Republic in the 1989 election.[8] His application was rejected by the Electoral Service of Chile [es] on 24 August of that year, as his lists of sponsoring voters exceeded the allowed percentage of sponsors registered in political parties.[9][10]

Publications[edit]

In addition to the publication of about 130 articles in specialized journals, Mönckeberg has written some 65 chapters in specialized books, and also 12 of his own works. He is the director of the journal Creces,[1] a publication through which the "Educational program for scientific dissemination" has been developed since 1980, aimed at middle and high school levels and medical professionals, and part of the set of programs implemented by CONIN.[11]

  • Jaque al subdesarrollo (1973; translated into several languages)[12]
  • Chile y sus recursos naturales (1975)
  • Políticas de alimentación y nutrición en Chile (1976)
  • Antecedentes y acciones para una política nacional de alimentación y nutrición de Chile (1976)[13]
  • Crear para compartir: compartir para seguir creando (1980)[14]
  • La revolución de la Bioingeniería (1980)[15]
  • Desnutrición infantil: fisiopatología, clínica, tratamiento y prevención: nuestra experiencia y contribución (1988)[16]
  • Chile en la encrucijada: decisiones para una nueva era (1989)[17]
  • Jaque al subdesarrollo, ahora (1993)[18]
  • Ciencia y tecnología (1994)
  • Desnutrición: el mal oculto (2004)[19]
  • Contra viento y marea. Hasta erradicar la desnutrición (2010)

Honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Fernando Monckeberg Barros" (in Spanish). University of Chile Faculty of Medicine. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Fernando Mönckeberg Barros" (in Spanish). University of Chile. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d "Monckeberg Barros, Fernando" (in Spanish). Chilean Academy of Medicine. Archived from the original on 22 April 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d Luco Rojas, Nicolás (6 September 2005). "Fernando Monckeberg, patrimonio nacional" [Fernando Monckeberg, National Heritage]. El Mercurio (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  5. ^ "Universidad Iberoamericana de Ciencias y Tecnología" [Iberoamerican University of Science and Technology] (in Spanish). Busca Tu Curso. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  6. ^ "Boletín de la Academia chilena de Medicina" [Bulletin of the Chilean Academy of Medicine] (PDF) (in Spanish) (39). Chilean Academy of Medicine. 2002: 7. ISSN 0716-2588. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 August 2009. Retrieved 2 January 2018. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. ^ a b "Premios Nacionales" [National Prizes] (in Spanish). Diego Portales University. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Candidaturas en Chile" [Candidacies in Chile]. El País (in Spanish). EFE. 6 August 1989. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  9. ^ Hojman, Eugenio (1989). Memorial de la Dictadura (1973–1989) (in Spanish). Editorial Emisión. p. 300.
  10. ^ "Conmemoramos 28 años de las primeras elecciones presidenciales luego de la dictadura militar" [We Commemorate 28 Years of the First Presidential Elections After the Military Dictatorship]. El Diario de Antofagasta (in Spanish). 14 December 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  11. ^ "Quiénes somos" [Who Are We] (in Spanish). Creces. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  12. ^ "Jaque al subdesarrollo". WorldCat. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  13. ^ "Antecedentes y acciones para una política nacional de alimentación y nutrición de Chile". WorldCat. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  14. ^ "Crear para compartir: compartir para seguir creando". Google Books. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  15. ^ "La Revolución de la bioingeniería". WorldCat. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  16. ^ "Desnutrición infantil : fisiopatología, clínica, tratamiento y prevención : nuestra experiencia y contribución". WorldCat. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  17. ^ "Chile en la encrucijada: decisiones para una nueva era". WorldCat. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  18. ^ "Jaque al subdesarrollo, ahora". WorldCat. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  19. ^ "Desnutrición, el mal oculto". WorldCat. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  20. ^ "Fernando Mönckeberg Barros". Guggenheim Foundation. Retrieved 2 January 2018.