Fernando Niño de Guevara

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Fernando Niño de Guevara
Cardinal Archbishop of Seville
Cardinal-priest of Santi Silvestro e Martino ai Monti
El Greco 049.jpg
Portrait of Fernando Niño de Guevara by El Greco.
ArchdioceseSeville
SeeSeville
Installed30 April 1601
Term ended8 January 1609
PredecessorRodrigo de Castro Osorio
SuccessorPedro de Castro y Quiñones
Other postsCardinal-priest of Santi Silvestro e Martino ai Monti
Orders
Consecration10 October 1599
by Pope Clement VIII
Created cardinal5 June 1596
by Pope Clement VIII
RankCardinal-priest
Personal details
Born1541
Toledo, Spain
Died8 January 1609 (aged 68)
Seville, Spain
NationalitySpanish
DenominationRoman Catholic
OccupationLawyer
Previous postCardinal-priest of San Biagio dell'Anello (1597-1599)
Titular archbishop of Philippi (1599-1601)
Grand Inquisitor of Spain (1600-1602)
Alma materUniversity of Salamanca
Ordination history of
Fernando Niño de Guevara
History
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorPope Clement VIII
Co-consecratorsCamillo Borghese
Alfonso Visconti
Date10 October 1599
Cardinalate
Elevated byPope Clement VIII
Date5 June 1596
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Fernando Niño de Guevara as principal consecrator
Tomás de Borja9 April 1600
Juan Bautista Acevedo Muñoz17 June 1601
Francisco de Vera-Villavicencio?
Juan de la Sal?

Fernando Niño de Guevara (1541 – 8 January 1609) was a Spanish cardinal who was also Archbishop of Seville and Grand Inquisitor of Spain.

Biography[edit]

Fernando Niño de Guevara was born in Toledo, Spain in 1541, the son of Rodrigo Niño, Marquis of Tejares.[1] An uncle, also named Fernando Niño de Guevara (d. 1552), was Archbishop of Granada from 1542 to 1552. He studied law at the University of Salamanca. He then moved to Cuenca, Spain, where he became archdeacon of the cathedral. In 1570, he became an oidor in Valladolid. He became a member of the Council of Castile in 1580.

On 3 December 1599 he was appointed Grand Inquisitor of Spain. During his tenure as Grand Inquisitor, the Spanish Inquisition burned 240 heretics, plus 96 in effigy. 1,628 other individuals were found guilty and subjected to lesser penalties.

On 10 Oct 1599, he was consecrated bishop by Pope Clement VIII with Camillo Borghese, Cardinal-Priest of Santi Giovanni e Paolo, and Alfonso Visconti, Bishop of Cervia, serving as co-consecrators.[1][2]

In 1600 he had a portrait painted by El Greco. On 30 April 1601 he was also appointed Archbishop of Seville.

Fernando Niño de Guevara engaged the Jesuits in a dispute about the nature of papal authority. As a result, Pope Clement VIII prevailed on Philip III of Spain to induce him to resign as Grand Inquisitor in 1602.

He did, however, retain his duties as Archbishop of Seville. In this capacity, he called a synod in 1604 in order to suppress the confraternities and replace them with similar institutions dominated by clerics.

He died, probably in Seville, on 8 January 1609. He is buried in the Convent of San Pablo in Toledo.

Episcopal succession[edit]

While bishop, he was the principal consecrator of:[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Miranda, Salvador. "NIÑO DE GUEVARA, Fernando (1541-1609)". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Florida International University. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  2. ^ a b Cheney, David M. "Fernando Cardinal Niño de Guevara". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved June 16, 2018. [self-published]
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Guido Pepoli
Cardinal-Priest of San Biagio dell'Anello
1597–1599
Succeeded by
Bonviso Bonvisi
Preceded by
Francesco Cornaro (iuniore)
Cardinal-Priest of Santi Silvestro e Martino ai Monti
1599–1609
Succeeded by
Domenico Rivarola
Preceded by
Jan Zamoyski
Titular Archbishop of Philippi
1599–1601
Succeeded by
Sasbout Vosmeer
Preceded by
Pedro de Portocarrero
Grand Inquisitor of Spain
1600–1602
Succeeded by
Juan de Zúñiga Flores
Preceded by
Rodrigo de Castro Osorio
Archbishop of Seville
1601–1609
Succeeded by
Pedro de Castro y Quiñones