Fernando Nogueira

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Fernando Nogueira
Picture of Fernando Nogueira.jpg
President of the Social Democratic Party
In office
17 February 1995 – 29 March 1996
Preceded by Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Succeeded by Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
Minister of National Defense
In office
5 March 1990 – 16 March 1995
Prime Minister Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Preceded by Carlos Brito
Succeeded by António Figueiredo Lopes
Minister of Presidency
In office
17 August 1987 – 16 March 1995
Prime Minister Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by António Vitorino
Minister of Justice
In office
17 August 1987 – 5 March 1990
Prime Minister Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Preceded by Mário Raposo
Succeeded by Álvaro Laborinho Lúcio
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
In office
6 November 1985 – 17 August 1987
Prime Minister Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Preceded by António de Almeida Santos
Succeeded by António Capucho
Secretary of State for Regional Development
In office
18 June 1983 – 6 November 1985
Prime Minister Mário Soares
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Isabel Mota
Member of the Assembly of the Republic
Elections: 1985, 1987, 1991, 1995[a]
In office
4 November 1991 – 24 October 1999
Constituency Porto District
In office
4 November 1985 – 3 November 1991
Constituency Coimbra District
Personal details
Born (1950-03-26) 26 March 1950 (age 67)
Matosinhos, Portugal
Political party Social Democratic Party
Alma mater University of Coimbra
Profession Lawyer

Joaquim Fernando Nogueira (born 26 March 1950), commonly known just as Fernando Nogueira, is a Portuguese lawyer and former politician.

Life before politics[edit]

Fernando Nogueira was born in Matosinhos in 26 March 1950. He graduated in Law from the University of Coimbra in 1974, becoming a lawyer shortly after. He also taught at the same university.

Political career[edit]

Fernando Nogueira was first elected for the Assembly of the Republic in 1985[1]. Before that he was Secretary of State for Regional Development in the Central Bloc government led by Mário Soares. After the Social Democratic Party victory in 1985, Aníbal Cavaco Silva became Prime Minister, and Nogueira was nominated Minister of Parliamentary Affairs, initiating a career as top government minister that would span for a decade.

After the 1987 legislative election, in which his party won a majority (the first majority of a single party after the Carnation Revolution), Fernando Nogueira became Minister of Justice and Minister of Presidency, a position frequently created in many Portuguese cabinets which is responsible for the political coordination of the government. After a cabinet reshuffle in 1990, Nogueira moved to the Ministry of National Defense, continuing as Minister of Presidency. He retained both posts after the 1991 legislative election, in which the Social Democratic Party renewed its majority.

Fernando Nogueira was elected President of the Social Democratic Party on 17 February 1995[2], after Aníbal Cavaco Silva decided to step down after ten years as party leader (and Prime Minister) in order to run for the 1996 presidential election. By then he had been widely regarded for a long time as Cavaco's political heir, and won the party congress by 33 votes against Durão Barroso. Nogueira resigned all government posts in March 1995 and led the party into the 1995 legislative election, performing well in the television debates against the Socialist Party leader António Guterres. However, the electorate was tired of the Social Democrats and the Socialist Party won the election, with Guterres becoming Prime Minister. Fernando Nogueira became Leader of the Opposition, which in Portugal is an informal position which doesn't carry the same privileges and responsibilities as in other countries such as the United Kingdom.

Only months after this defeat, the party suffered another electoral loss, with Aníbal Cavaco Silva being defeated by Jorge Sampaio in the presidential election. These defeats prompted Nogueira to resign party leadership, being succeeded by Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa at the subsequent party congress[3]. This resignation de facto ended his political career, although he retained his parliamentary seat until the 1999 legislative election.

Current position and activities after leaving politics[edit]

After stepping down from parliament, Fernando Nogueira withdrew from active party politics and generally kept a very low profile ever since, although he continues to be a member of the Social Democratic Party.

Since 2012 he is President of Fundação Millennium BCP, a part of the bank responsible for supporting and financing cultural and artistic projects.

In June 2015 his name briefly returned to media spotlight after the leader of the Social Democratic Party and then Prime Minister, Pedro Passos Coelho, said Nogueira was his preferred candidate for the 2016 presidential election. Nogueira rapidly issued a statement stressing he was "absolutely unavailable" to return to active politics[4]. Shortly before the 2015 legislative election he briefly reappeared again, making a video which was exhibited in a campaign rally and in which he voiced support for Pedro Passos Coelho and the alliance Portugal Ahead[5]. The alliance won a plurality in the election and was invited to form a new government, which ended toppled by a motion of no confidence supported by a left-wing coalition.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Portuguese) http://www.parlamento.pt/DeputadoGP/Paginas/Biografia.aspx?BID=333 Fernando Nogueira
  2. ^ (Portuguese) http://www.psd.pt/lider.php?i=11 Líderes - Joaquim Fernando Nogueira
  3. ^ (Portuguese) http://www.psd.pt/lider.php?i=12 Líderes - Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
  4. ^ (Portuguese) http://visao.sapo.pt/lusa/fernando-nogueira-manifesta-se-absolutamente-indisponivel-para-a-vida-politica=f823673 Fernando Nogueira manifesta-se "absolutamente indisponível" para a vida política
  5. ^ (Portuguese)http://www.jn.pt/nacional/eleicoes/interior/fernando-nogueira-faz-video-de-apoio-a-passos-coelho--4804400.html Fernando Nogueira faz vídeo de apoio a Passos Coelho

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Term as Member of the Assembly of the Republic suspended while a member of government, as per Portuguese law.