Ferndale, British Columbia

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Community
Ferndale, British Columbia is located in British Columbia
Ferndale, British Columbia
Location of Ferndale in British Columbia
Coordinates: 53°59′10″N 122°29′40″W / 53.98611°N 122.49444°W / 53.98611; -122.49444Coordinates: 53°59′10″N 122°29′40″W / 53.98611°N 122.49444°W / 53.98611; -122.49444
CountryCanada
ProvinceBritish Columbia
Land DistrictCariboo
Regional DistrictFraser-Fort George
Geographic RegionRobson Valley
Area code(s)250, 778

Ferndale is a scattered community located northeast of Prince George in central British Columbia. The name, derived from the numerous ferns in the district,[1] appeared in the later 1920s. Adopted by the new school in 1931, and listed as a settlement in the Wrigley’s BC Directory for that year,[2] the first newspaper reference was the following year.[3] In earlier times, the northern part was considered as Willow River, and the western part as Shelley. Although Ferndale once stretched as far south as Tabor Lake, the 1977 completion of the Blackburn Bypass of Highway 16 effectively created the southern boundary.[4] Comprising about 40 residences, it has a good-sized community hall,[5] and the Ferndale-Tabor volunteer fire hall lies between the two localities.

History[edit]

Inaccuracies[edit]

Although listed as pioneer settlers,[6] Tom Sullivan, Elmer Cahoun, Mr. Bushell, George Teats, Bob McRorrie, and Ivor and Harry Guest, may have owned speculative properties, but no evidence of residence is apparent. Thomas Sullivan (1873–1951)[7] owned land north of the Fraser River near Salmon River.[8] Marcus Elmer Cahoon (1885–1957),[9] a Public Works Department driver, who no doubt included the locality in his assigned duties,[10] married Mary Isabella Stewart (1890–1969)[11] in 1915.[12][13]

Ivor B. Guest (1886–1980),[14] and his brother Harry (1882–1973),[15] arrived in South Fort George in 1911. During the 1912 summer, Ivor worked for the forestry service as a fire warden along the Crooked River (British Columbia). The following winter he broke trail for Emmet Baxter (Shorty) Haynes' dog team taking mail, food, and whisky, to the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway (GTP) construction camps. Ivor operated a trading post at McLeod Lake 1914–20, interrupted by almost three years army service. A keen amateur photographer, he ran a photography supply, fishing tackle and stationery store in Prince George 1922–75.[16][17][18] He married Mary Elizabeth Howes (1895–1979)[19] in 1923.[20] Harry B. Guest married Augusta Freida Grossman (c.1892–?) in 1915.[21] He was connected with the pharmaceutical trade,[22] and became a partner in the Prince George Drug Co. 1917–31.[23] As coroner for the region throughout the 1920s,[24][25] he no doubt examined cases in the vicinity. Harry's family relocated to Vancouver in the early 1930s.[26]

The booklet states that political pressure caused the GTP to abandon its original plan of a route traversing to the south of the Shelley-Hansard section.[27] The claim is suspect because the GTP regularly ignored government directives.[28] The assumption likely relates to the proposed CB&WR through the Willow River settlement, whose proposals for a line along the Willow River never eventuated. Consequently, most of the homesteaders abandoned their properties. Apparently on speculation, Lord Londonderry had equally unwisely acquired a large parcel of land in the area.[29] This would be Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 6th Marquess of Londonderry (1852–1915), and Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 7th Marquess of Londonderry (1878–1949).

Pioneer Forestry, Farming & Mining[edit]

Arden Pickering, E.C. Perry and Fritz Bertschi appear to be the only bona fide Ferndale pioneers on the list. Arden Pickering arrived in the 1910s.[6] Arden (1889–1979)[30] & Ettie (1899–1974)[31] Pickering moved with their children to Mud River during the 1930s,[32] but retired to Prince George.[33]

The outbreak of World War I, and the decreased availability of capital, delayed the development of the high-grade gold, silver and copper ore seams discovered near Ferndale by William Bonner around 1913. A decade later, the Snowshoe partnership, managed by Bonner, drilled exploratory shafts that showed promising results.[34] A similar exercise at other sites equally encouraged another syndicate and the Bertschi brothers.[35] In default for his 1927–30 financial contributions, Bonner forfeited his interest in the claim.[36] By 1936, Alexander (Alex) Hutchison (1879–1961)[37][38] was also in default.[39] At that time, Alex was in the cordwood business.[40]

Albert Fredrick Bertschi (1889–1971)[41] was a B.X. riverboat engineer from 1914. He married Emma Bruegger (1896–1959),[42] and settled in 1920.[43][44] He operated the first horse-driven sawmill in the area.[45] The improved section of their 160-acre farm comprised hay and poultry.[46] Louis Strugala (1882–1951),[47] a pioneer Prince George resident, also farmed a Ferndale property. He was acquitted at trial for shooting at and wounding straying Bertschi horses that ate his oat crop.[48] In 1941, Strugula's 15-year-old son, Robert, died of pneumonia.[49]

The Bertschi children were Rosabelle (Rose) (c.1925–2016),[50] Arnold Louis (Louie) (1927–2016),[51][52] Albert Frederick (1931–2011),[53] Charles (Charlie) Henry (1934–2015)[54] and Margaret.[55] Over time, Louie and Albert Fred assumed more responsibility for the farm, and Albert Fred and Charlie for the logging operation. Louie and Charlie never married.[56] In the early 1940s, the family produced railway ties,[57] and had a logging camp on the property.[58] In 1944, A.F. Bertschi Sr. had a severe heart attack,[59] and Rose left for Vancouver.[60] Five years later, she married Henry Gray Munro.[61] By this time, the farm had pigs[62] and a dairy herd.[63] Emma's butter and cheese were noteworthy.[64]

In 1952, Louie suffered a facial injury at one of the local mills, requiring a short hospital stay.[65] The next year, Bertschi Sr. advertised the farm for sale.[66] The couple moved to Prince George in 1954.[67] Louie continued managing the farm at least until the early 1960s.[68] In 1963, Albert Fred married Fern Elizabeth Adams.[69] The period of operation of the Bertschi Bros.' small sawmill included the 1950s,[70] the 1970s (manufacturing cabins),[71] and the 1990s (log homes).[72]

Edwin C. (1880–1927)[73][74] & Frances A. (1880–1974)[75][76] Perry farmed in the community from the late 1910s.[77] Their sons were Myles and John (1918–2017).[78] In 1936, a cow moose attacked and twice tossed John, who was fencing on the farm. The animal then followed and cornered him in a shed, from which he finally escaped with bruises and scratches.[79] In 1939, Myles married[80] Margaret Goddard (1914–1993), who had arrived in 1937 as the schoolteacher, and remained actively involved in community projects.[81][82] John was the first baby born to Caucasians in the locality.[6] He married Mona Calhoun in 1940,[83] but divorced in 1945.[84] During the Great Depression, the brothers made their living mining gold and guiding and packing miners up the Willow River.[78]

In 1942, the brothers tracked and killed a young grizzly bear that had feasted on more than 25 of their chickens.[85] That year, John and Myles purchased a small sawmill from Carl William Strom of Willow River and operated the Perry Bros sawmill seven miles (11 km) east of Ferndale at the timber land on the family farm by the Willow River.[86] Available timber stands determined later relocations.[87] In 1951, John married Dorothy Pickering.[88] That year, he suffered a serious back injury, requiring an eight-month hospital stay.[89] The Perry Brothers sawmill[90] and ranch[91] operated into the 1990s.[92]

Ottiso (Otis) (1873–1955)[93][94] & Laura (1874–1961)[95] Pariso farmed from 1920 until their retirement around 1945. Their son Leo died at five. In 1920, daughter Muriel Mildred (1898–1987)[96] married[97] Herman G. Griese (1892–1940) of Shelley,[98] and later married Per Arvid Edmark (1893–1979).[99][100]

Chris Cron (1876–1961)[101] farmed from the 1920s until the 1950s.[102][103][104] Brothers Levi (1879–1947)[105] and William Joseph Edman Graham (1880–1950)[106] were pioneer farmers, before relocating to Prince George in the early 1930s.[107]

Andres Pipke (c.1859–1930),[108][109] likely in declining health, sold his property in 1928, and moved with his wife to Prince George. That year, his daughter Wanda married Henry Houghtaling (1905–1983).[110][111] Alverino Perkoni Wassil (1892–1959),[112] a.k.a. Albert Peter Wassil, Alvin Peter Wassil and Charles Wassil, apparently resided from 1914, but appears not to have been part of the early Caucasian social set. Initial reports on his death misidentified him as his brother Peter. He purchased the Pipke property in 1928.[113] Apart from his World War II enlistment, Pius Vosylius (1884–1961),[114] a.k.a. Peter (Pete) Wassil resided from 1929 until his final illness.[115] Selling his property to Alan MacDonald, Pete moved to the former C. Cowell residence in 1957.[116] This may be the property situated 0.5 miles (0.8 km) north from the present Highway 16 intersection.[117]

John G. Nehring (1860–1946)[118][119] and his teenage son, Ralph (1896–1989)[120][121] arrived at Prince George by scow[122] in 1913. John's wife, Ernesyna (1864–1958)[123] followed a short time later by stagecoach.[124] They settled at Ferndale around 1920.[125] In 1921, reports of Ralph's death in Seattle proved a misidentification,[126] unlike a sibling who had died in the prior year.[127] John established a sawmill in 1922, powered by a traction engine,[45] which operated at Six Mile (Tabor) Lake by 1931.[128] Sons, Walter (1907–51)[129][130] and Robert (1905–1928)[131][132] were outstanding hockey players.[133] Ralph married Elizabeth Schlitt (1910–2008)[134] in 1929.[135] In 1941, John sold the mill to John H. Evensen, but his son Walter remained in the mill's employment until called up for active service.[136] In 1946, Ralph and Walter operated a sawmill on their farm.[137] Ralph's son Wilfrid Nehring and Ollie Florrel operated a mill.[138] While later working at Evergreen Sawmill, Wilfrid sustained a critical head injury when a saw ejected a piece of machinery.[139]

Charles (Charlie) W. (1880–1974)[140][141] & Matilda S. (1898–1980)[142] Zilkie settled around 1928. Their children were Caroline, Anne, C. William (Bill) (1923–2012), Rose, Emily and Frederick (Fred) (1931–2016). Assumedly, Caroline died at an early age. In 1938, Anne (c.1921–?) married[143] Monte Mandruk. [144] In 1943, a bear killed one of Charlie's pigs,[145] and two of his horses died on the highway.[146] Bill enlisted.[147] Around 1944, Rose married Leslie Aiken (1916–96).[148][149] Bill married Eileen in 1946,[150] Emily married Mathew Handford in 1949,[151] and Fred married Doreen in 1961.[152][153] Only, Anne and Emily, who married locals, remained in Ferndale on marriage. After Fred left around 1960,[154] only the Zilkie seniors remained throughout the 1960s.[155] Matilda probably left after Charlie's death.[156]

William (Bill) C. (1892–1969)[157] & Margaret (1899–1970)[158] Cowell with children Charles (Charlie), George (1923–?), Nellie, and S. Catherine (Kate or Kaye) (c.1921–2009),[159] settled on their small farm in the late 1920s.[160] Charlie played the accordion at dances.[161] On marrying Robert Bean, Nellie moved to Sardis.[162] Catherine married[163] Alexander (Alex) Hubensky (1919–58),[164][165] presumably the son of Alexander & Margaret. The newlyweds lived at Aleza Lake,[166] and then Sardis.[167] In 1960, after Alex's death during the Rogers Pass highway construction, Catherine settled in Salmon Arm.[159]

From 1943, Martin Myeric (Myric, Majerick or Majerik alternate spellings) operated a sawmill on the Cowell property.[168] When a wrench slipped, he seriously injured his hand and lost one finger.[169] Bill Cowell likely logged, because a birch log injured and pinned him for several hours.[170] A 1945 fire destroyed the cookhouse.[171] The following year, the mill operated near the school.[172]

Both Charlie and George were wounded during World War II[173] and George required multiple hospital stays and a leg amputation.[174] Margaret and George composed many songs, some of which CKPG radio played.[175] In 1949, after Charlie shot an 80-pound cougar in Russell Hubensky's barn, they discovered Charlie's partly devoured dog.[176] While at the Evensen sawmill the following year, George seriously hurt his arm when an engine he was cranking backfired.[177] In the early 1950s, Charlie and George operated a sawmill,[178] where Charlie injured his shoulder.[179] Bill Cowell and Allan Wickum also had a mill,[180] before Allan joined the Evergreen Sawmills.[181] The last to relocate were Bill & Margaret in the mid-1960s.[182]

Later Forestry & Farming[edit]

Michael (Mike) Kiss arrived in the 1930s. After retiring as a mill worker, he devoted his attention to his farm where he grew exceptional strawberries.[183] His final mention was 1967.[184]

Herman Karges (1904–89)[185][186] arrived by the early 1930s.[187] Daniel (Dan) (1888–1976)[188] & Helena (Lena) (1895–1981)[189] Morris spent the earlier years of their married life in lumber camps east of Prince George.[190] Sons Andrew (Andy) (1926–99),[191] and William (Bill) (1927–96),[192][193] worked in their father's logging camps. During the later 1940s, Dan, in partnership with Jim Burke, logged and milled on the Karges' farm one mile west of the highway,[194] near Perry Road.[195] Andy sustained serious lacerations to his foot at this time.[196]

John Karpicius (1900–88)[197] farmed from the late 1930s and worked as a tie cutter. In 1939, he began logging birch trees for warplane veneer production.[198] In 1940, both he and neighbouring farmer, John G. Nehring, were found responsible for shooting and owning dogs that had killed or injured their counterparts' sheep.[83] In 1944, Karpicius trucked lumber from the Martin Myeric mill.[199] Later that year while logging, he sustained two cracked ribs from a falling tree.[200] The next year he went into partnership with Martin Schefer (1888–1975)[201][202] (Schafer or Schaefer alternate spellings), in setting up the Ferndale Lumber Co.[203] Robert McComber from Willow River suffered a hand injury while operating the edger.[171] Becoming one of the more significant operations,[204] the company had up to three portable sawmills.[205] In 1952, the sheriff seized the company assets, because of outstanding creditors' accounts, income tax and workers' compensation premiums.[206] Thereafter, Karpicius returned to transporting lumber. The next year, the brakes failed on his fully loaded lumber truck. The collision with another truck caused extensive damage, but only minor injuries.[207] In 1961, his loaded truck overturned during overnight fog.[208] Following his retirement in 1966, he continued to prospect in the region and maintain a farm.[209] His absence from the 1958 and 1967 early resident lists suggests he arrived after 1933 and was not around in 1968.[210] His brother Anthony (Tony) Karpicius (1918–85),[211] also a resident, worked in the forest industry and left a $56,000 bequest for a forestry scholarship.[212]

After their wedding, M. Monte Mandruk (1914–63)[213] & Anne M. Zilkie lived and farmed[144] in Ferndale, except for two years at Shelley.[169] Monte fractured his toe[214] while working on their 40-acre property[215] near the school.[172] In 1949, Monte begun operating his new sawmill,[216] moving it in successive years.[217] In 1953, he went to work for Central Sawmills.[181] They relocated to Courtenay in 1956.[218] Monte drowned in Georgia Strait.[219]

Chester A. (1902–91)[220] & Alice M. (1908–83)[221] Wickum settled in 1939.[222] Their children were Allan (1928–?), [223] Mervin (1930–2016),[224][225] Joyce, Elizabeth (Betty), Barry (1932–46),[226] Boyd,[227] and William (Bill) (1937–89).[228][229] Their farm included pigs.[230] In 1946, when a stone-boat tilted on a sharp turn, a water barrel on board toppled. The startled horses bolted and completely turned over the stone-boat, fatally fracturing 13-year-old Barry's skull. While harnessing a team to attend his grandson's funeral, William Thomas Carson (1877–1946),[231] a local farmer, suffered a lethal heart attack.[232] Afterward, his wife, Mary Elizabeth Carson (1880–1962)[233] relocated.[234][235] In 1953, Joyce M. married C. William (Bill) Straub and left.[236] A year later, Elizabeth married Harvey Sims.[237] In 1956, Mervin married Marguerite (Marg).[238] Chester became the pound keeper for the area in 1958, relocating the pound to his property.[239] Boyd married Aldene Watson (1940–2004)[240] around 1959.[241] On retiring in 1962, Chester and Alice moved to Willow River.[242] In 1964, William C. Wickum married Marie Claudette Dellemare and the couple remained.[243] By 1967, Boyd was the only family member at Ferndale,[244] and he left sometime before 1977.[242]

John H. Evensen (Evenson alternate spelling) (1910–2011)[245] and his nephew Alfred Johnson purchased the Nehring sawmill in 1941,[246] but Alfred enlisted. Unlike the numerous small sawmills, the Evensen mill became one of more significant operations.[247] A 1943 fire largely destroyed the Evensen mill,[248] and Lyman Colebank (1898–1966)[249] sustained a serious foot injury from a rolling log at the logging camp.[250] Margaret E. Macdonald (1920–97),[251] a teacher at the school,[252] married Evensen in 1944,[253] but the marriage did not last. The company sported a team in the sawmill softball league.[254] In 1953, the mill built a new cookhouse.[255] The next year, Gisela Eva Kohler (1924–2005)[256] married Alfred and they resided near the mill.[257] A 1961 forest fire threatened the mill and its timber stand.[258] The partners sold the Tabor Lake mill in 1969 and moved away.[259]

Alvilda Nystrom and Laila Johnson were sisters to John H. Evensen. Erick (Eric) (1892–1978)[260][261][262] & Laila (1898–1973)[263][264] Johnson with children Alfred (Fred) (1921–2015),[265] Albin Erling (Melvin) (1927–2010)[266][267] and Rena arrived at the Evensen camp in 1943.[268] Children Ruth, Rubin and Einar (1924–97)[269][270] remained in Saskatchewan.[271] At harvest time, the family visited the farm,[272] after which Einar joined them at the Evensen sawmill for three months.[273] Settled in Prince George, he married Selma Florell (1926–2012) in 1947.[274] After Melvin suffered a painful eye injury when struck by a branch while logging,[275] he relocated to Vancouver.[276] By this time, all except Alfred had left the district.[277]

Henry & Alvilda (1905–83)[278][279] Nystrom, accompanied by children Jeanette, Lloyd, Amy, Raymond, James and Norman (1929–90)[280][281] arrived at the Evensen camp in 1943.[282] Soon after, Violet, the eldest, moved from Saskatoon[59] to Prince George.[283] At harvest time, Alvilda and Lloyd visited the farm.[284] That winter, Violet joined the family as the Evensen camp cook.[60] During the 1950s, Lloyd joined the army,[285] and Alvilda was cook at the North Star Sawmills.[138] When Henry injured his back, son Raymond assumed his job.[286]

Arthur (Art) M. (1903–57)[287] & Gladys (1906–85)[288][289] Nystrom, with children Adrienne (1927–2001),[290][291] Beryl and Sidney (1929–95),[292][293] came to Prince George in 1946. Assumedly brother to Henry, Art was engaged in the Ferndale sawmill.[294] In 1948, Adrienne married Alan H. MacDonald (1925–2005),[295] an Evensen Sawmill worker,[296] and they remained active in the community.[297] Alan started his own mill,[298] known as the A.H.M. Sawmill.[258] Sidney, who also worked at the Evensen mill, was an asset to the softball team.[299] Later, he joined Alan's mill,[300] and married.[301] In 1956, Beryl M. married Dennis M. Olsen and remained in Prince George.[302]

In 1942, H.H. Abbott and Otto Killman (1907–76)[303] opened the Abbott & Killman sawmill near Ferndale.[304] The following year, Mr. Danielson suffered facial injuries at the mill.[305]

When a 1942 fire destroyed the small mill owned by Oscar Nordeen and Hjalmar Sjokvist (c.1898–1943),[306][307] the latter's replacement mill near Ferndale had teething problems and breakdowns. A plank ejected by the head saw struck Sjokvist on the forehead, killing him instantly.[308] Nordeen temporarily managed the operation,[309] until Leonard Proppe (1903–82)[310] took over,[311] and Nordeen returned to trucking lumber.[227]

William (Bill) E. (1905–80)[312] & Angelina (1909–78)[313] Kirschke lived in Prince George. In 1943, Bill established the Six Mile Lake Sawmill, near the lake.[314] Much of the logging was in the Ferndale area.[315] During unloading from a sleigh, a falling log fatally crushed Grant Cameron (c.1910–1950).[316][317] Six years later, the bush crew won logging and safety awards.[318] Around 1959, the couple moved to Six Mile (Tabor) Lake.[319] The widespread 1961 forest fire destroyed a company timber stand. At one point 80 firefighters were based at the sawmill.[320] The following year, the couple retired to White Rock.[321] Their son, Gerald (Gerry) (1941–94)[322] was later a partner in the venture.[323]

Alexander (Alex) (1897–1981)[324][325] & Margaret (1898–1984)[326][327] Hubensky (Hubenski alternate spelling), with daughters Alice (1920–2003)[328] and Eunice (1923–98),[329][330] arrived in 1944.[331] Alice married George Wolczuk (1914–79),[332][333] and Eunice married Joseph (Joe) Wolczuk (1916–90).[334][335] They lived in Prince George. In the late 1940s, the Wolczuk brothers began Central Sawmills near Ferndale. In 1950, the mill, which burned down, took only three weeks to rebuild.[177] This fairly significant operation, located near the school,[336] was on the Hubensky farm,[337] and was a.k.a. as the Hubensky sawmill.[338] In 1951, Joe received babbit burns requiring hospital treatment.[339] Two years later, George broke his foot.[181] The enterprise moved with available timber limits.[340] Around 1950, George and Alice began a small greenhouse in the Ferndale area. Selling the mill in 1957, the couple started a well-known Prince George nursery.[341]

In 1944, Percy (1903–74)[342][343] & Dorothy (1909–80)[344] Church arrived and opened a sawmill.[345] Within a few years, the operations expanded to Willow River

Adeline B. Crawford of Willow River, who owned a farm,[253] rented out a house on the property near the school.[230] A new sawmill opened on the farm in 1947.[346]

Arthur J. (1881–1972)[347][348][349] & Margaret E. (1890–1975)[350][351] Handford had children Laura (1920-2005),[352] John (1921–94),[353][354] Mathew (1922–75),[355] Grace (c.1924–1927),[356] Mabel (1926–70),[357] and Kelso. In 1942, John and Mathew enlisted.[358] Around this time, Laura married Alfred W. Strom (1919–71)[359] of Willow River, who had also enlisted.[360] After the war, John married Ilse Blanke (1919–91),[361] and Mabel married Wesley Hodson of Vancouver.[362] In 1949, Arthur and his sons established their mill,[363] and Ferndale became their home. Mathew married Emily B. Zilkie, youngest daughter of Charles & Matilda Zilkie.[151] In 1951, Kelso married Beatrice (Betty) Sood.[364] The mill relocated the next year.[365] In 1955, Arthur & Margaret moved to Prince George.[366] With the mill relocations being farther away, their children followed. The final mention of their respective families as residents was 1951 for John,[367] and 1957 for Kelso[368] and Mathew[369] (assuming Emily was a guest at the centennial banquet the following year).[187] Subsequently, operating at various sites north of Prince George, the mill burned to the ground in 1965,[370] and Mathew died in a logging accident a decade later.[371] Kelso suffered spinal injuries in a single-vehicle accident in 1989.[372]

A 1951 forest fire came close to the North Star mill,[339] which operated during the early 1950s.[373] Other mills at the time, of which the ownership is unclear, were G. & F. Sawmills,[300] C. & W. Sawmills,[374] and Evergreen Sawmills.[375] Billy Shyminski, who sustained a head injury at a local logging camp, spent several months in a Vancouver hospital,[376] and required further treatment.[300] Pete Tonesschuk's (Tanesschuk or Tonesschuck alternate spellings) head injury required several hospital stays.[377]

A fire at John Kupka's mill destroyed lumber and logs, but a neighbour pulled away the power unit and edger with a tractor.[378]

Franklin (Frank) R. & Lorraine G. (1930–2015) Fortin, with daughter Mary Ellen, arrived in the early 1950s.[379][380] He established Fortin Sawmills, which relocated in 1959 to southeast of Guilford.[381]

Community[edit]

The school opened in 1931, with Mrs. Helen Hansen (1907–78)[382] teaching the eight pupils. Governed by the Ferndale School Board 1931–46, School District 57 assumed responsibility thereafter.[45][383]

At the close of term in 1934, despite the cold water, teacher Miss Betty Davis swam across the river at Shelley.[384] During the latter 1930s, Thompson, Ferndale, Tabor Creek and Cale Creek held an annual interschool athletic competition.[385] The school was the venue for community dances.[386] During World War II many were in aid of the Red Cross,[387] with dances continuing after the war.[388]

Victor (Vic) J. Carlson opened and part-time pastored the Earl Carlson Memorial Church,[389] named after his late missionary brother, who also had owned land in the area.[390] Orville, another brother, who was also a missionary, left in 1935.[346] In 1941, the congregation became a Salvation Army outpost.[391] This may be the group later called the Gospel Mission.[392] Mrs. Sjokvist (assumedly Grace Evelyn [1913–86], widow of Hjalmar ),[393] held a Sabbath school class every Saturday at her home.[394] In 1944, Vic Carlson left,[283] and the school acquired a radio[395] and implemented a hot lunch program.[60]

Teaching only one term, marriage took Miss Helen Maloff away.[396] Her replacement in January 1946, who was Mrs. Grace A. Waters. Grace (c.1908–1946),[397][398] would break off a casual relationship with Joseph (Joe) Polak (1903–46),[399] a logger. A week later, he fatally stabbed her in the chest at the teacherage while her eight-year-old son Charles remained asleep in a bedroom. Within hours, outside a neighbour's farmhouse, Joe committed suicide with a rifle bullet to the head. The school and teacherage stood on the highway about one mile north of the Shelley Road East junction.[172]

Although land had been set aside for a community hall,[400] fundraising for the building began a decade later.[401] Mrs. Gross' coffee shop, which existed for only five months owing to lack of business,[402] did host a community dance.[403] The building later became Herman Karges' barn.[45]

Opening in 1949, the community hall, rebuilds, and extensions, involved much voluntary effort.[404] The hall became the venue for regular dances, usually with music provided by a local band.[405] A bean supper preceded one annual dance.[406] Card parties were also held.[407]

During the 1950s, Six Mile (Tabor) Lake was the venue for summer picnics that the community club organized.[408]

Vernon (Vern) C. (1919–88)[409][410] & Amy (1916–98)[411][412] Scofield (Schofield alternate spelling) and their two young sons became residents in the early 1950s.[413] Vernon suffered an eye injury while working in the bush,[414] and had hospital stays for other ailments.[415] The couple were active in the community,[416] but moved to Prince George months before their son's wedding.[417] Philip Scofield, likely his nephew, and Betty Scott were also residents at this time.[418] Her father, John Frederick Scott (1914–65)[419] and family resided 1945–56.[420] On their marriage in 1953,[421] Philip and Betty remained. [422] Jean and John were their older children.[423] When Betty's car exploded in 1961, daughters Judy (4) and Jo-Ann (2) sustained burns to face and arms,[424] that required skin grafts.[425] Russell (1909–94)[426] & Florence (c.1918–2009)[427] Scofield, Philip's parents, resided from 1956 to the early 1970s.[428]

Miss Mary S.W. Killingly, who commenced as teacher for 1950/51,[429] was actively involved in community functions,[430] where she would have met Raymond (Ray) C. Inkster.[431] Marrying in 1952,[432] they relocated to Prince Albert, Saskatchewan,[433] but returned in December,[434] and resumed community involvement.[435] In partnership with Clarence Lapp, the Inkster and Lapp sawmill operated during the mid-1950s.[436] Mrs. Charlotte Lapp[437] was community association president for 1955,[438] and teacher for the 1957/58 school year,[439] before assuming the Willow River primary grades.[440]

A BC Centennial project, the new community hall[441] was dedicated in 1958. Over 100 adults and children attended the centennial banquet. Pioneer scrolls acknowledged Mr. and Mrs. A.F. Bertschi, Albert and Louis Bertschi, Mr. and Mrs. W. Cowell, Mike Kiss, Mrs. Frances Perry, Pius Vosylius, and Mr. and Mrs. Charlie Zilkie. Albert and Louis Bertschi, George and Charles Cowell, Emily Handford, Herman Karges, Myles and John Perry, and Fred Zilkie, received a commemorative certificate acknowledging at least 25 years of residency.[187]

In 1967, Mrs. F.A. Perry, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Zilkie, A.F. Bertschi, Mike Kiss, John Perry, Mr. and Mrs. Myles Perry, Louis Bertschi, Albert Bertschi and Boyd Wickum received a commemorative certificate acknowledging residency prior to 1940.[244]

In 1955, the teacherage received a new oil burner.[442] Student enrolments ranged 11-14 in the late 1940s, and 9-25 in the 1950s.[383] When the school closed in 1960, because enrolment fell below 10, a bus transported students to Bonnet Hill School, but several parents complained about the schedule.[443] The following year, the school building moved to Shelley.[444] Proposals five years later to rebuild the school did not proceed.[445]

From 1979, either the community association,[446] or the volunteer fire department,[447] hosted the fundraising community hall dances, which ultimately became an annual harvest dance and Halloween dance respectively.

During the 1980s, the 4-H youth club began.[448] The annual "Snow Fever Days", a program of dogsled races, accompanied by side attractions and a dance at night, commenced,[449] but soon relocated to Tabor Lake.[450]

The RDFFG implemented house numbering in 1989.[451] Zenmar Feeds, selling livestock feed, pet feed, and farm supplies, opened that year on Ferndale Road.[452]

Crime, Calamity & Preventative Measures[edit]

In 1937 while descending the hill at Ferndale School with a load of ties, Andy Iverson of Shelley lost control of his horse team. On crashing, he sustained cuts to his head and face.[453]

During the early 1950s, breaking a taxi driver's jaw, during an assault at a Ferndale mill, cost passenger William Kraft six months hard labour.[454] Seven-year-old Harry Lacoursiere sustained severe bruises and cuts to his upper body when struck by log.[455] Stray horses in the district broke down fences, ruined gardens, and were a general nuisance.[456] Juvenile vandalism and pilfering occurred in waves.[457]

Prince George lumber executive Ross Davis' (1918–65)[458] light plane went missing on a flight from Grande Prairie to Prince George. After some unsuccessful searches in the Monkman Pass, a helicopter pilot sighted the wreckage at that location. Meanwhile, false sightings prompted searches in the Ferndale area. On one ground search, private residents themselves became lost.[459]

In 1969, children suffered minor injuries when a school bus failed to take a curve on the icy road at the bottom of Ferndale Hill and flipped. The responding ambulance skidded and hit a pole on the same slippery surface.[460]

When residents lost their possessions in houses that burned to the ground,[461] the community rallied with aid.[462] In 1980, a volunteer fire department started without government assistance, and a 350-gallon capacity old fire truck, donated by Prince George Pulp and Paper, which the fire chief parked at his place.[463] The department initially rejected offers to operate under the umbrella of the RDFFG, because of the burden it would place upon residents' property taxes.[464] In 1982, a site was cleared and a temporary shelter erected for the two fire trucks.[465] A 1984 referendum voted in favour of a $200,000 loan for acquiring land, constructing a permanent fire hall and buying a fire truck and equipment. Repayment was from property taxes spread over a 20-year period.[466] 1985 saw the acquisitions ordered,[467] and the construction contract awarded.[468] The British Columbia Lottery Corporation made a $40,000 grant for the fire hall.[469] The following year, policy conflicts within the department came to a head, resulting in the termination of the assistant chief and six members.[470] Volunteer firefighter David Peter Hryniuk (1942–95)[471] died battling a fire at his own home.[472] He was deputy fire chief in the team of about 25 volunteers.[473] In 1997, the department installed their existing 1,500-gallon water tank on a new Freightliner chassis.[474] In 2001, the team acquired a new $310,000 pumper truck.[475]

A 2012 case of a marijuana grow-operation, kidnapping at gunpoint, and torture for six days at a Ferndale house from which the victim escaped, fell apart when the presiding judge became ill and soon died. At the retrial, the victim was jailed for two years for refusing to testify a second time, and the alleged perpetrators, Michael Andrew Joseph Fitzgerald, Craig Anthony Niedermayer, and brothers Francois Christiaan Meerholz and Dillan Meerholz, walked free.[476] A 2007 theft conviction triggered a later reprieved deportation order for Francois. Subsequent firearm charges were stayed, and driving-related ones earned 90 days in jail. Dillan faced charges of aggravated assault and assault causing bodily harm from a November 2009 incident.[477] Niedermayer later faced trafficking and five firearms charges for a 2016 seizure by police.[478]

Roads[edit]

A First Nations trail existed from Prince George via Six Mile (Tabor) Lake, which reached Willow River.[479] The 1915 completion of a wagon road, to the south side of the river bank,[480] likely motivated residents Albert Fritz Bertschi (see #Pioneer Forestry, Farming & Mining) and his brother Arnold Carl Bertschi to build a feeder road westward to Shelley (Shelley Road East). By the 1920s, there was also a feeder road/trail to Foreman, possibly linking what is now Ferndale & Bertschi Roads.[481] Summer grading and gravelling maintained the highway,[482] which was generally good as far north as the turn-off to Shelley, after which it was fair.[483] The paving from Prince George reached Ferndale in 1967 and extended beyond Willow River in 1968.[484] The opening of the paved Blackburn bypass in 1977 reduced the travel distance by 2.2 kilometres (1.4 mi).[485]

Broadcast Transmissions & Communications Devices[edit]

In 1952, local firms Ferndale Lumber Co., Evensen Sawmills and Central Sawmills, installed radiotelephones at their premises. Television came to the Willow River area in 1961. In 1992, cell phone coverage reached the area.[486]

Electricity & Natural Gas[edit]

In 1961 BC Hydro extended distribution lines from Six Mile (Tabor) Lake.[487] The 1996 referendum to establish a natural gas service for the Ferndale area[488] was assumedly successful, because it currently exists.[489]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ History of Ferndale…, p. 5
  2. ^ https://bccd.vpl.ca/index.php/browse/title/1931/Wrigley%27s_British_Columbia_Directory
  3. ^ Prince George Citizen, 31 Mar 1932
  4. ^ Prince George Citizen: 3 & 31 Aug 1977
  5. ^ https://rdffg.bc.ca/services/community/community-facilities/halls
  6. ^ a b c History of Ferndale…, p. 1
  7. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/a40a0c8f-9c15-44b5-b8f4-72124d0e7d03
  8. ^ Prince George Citizen: 9 Aug 1928 & 11 Jan 1951
  9. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/a4b49e7f-56ba-457b-b387-704e53682135
  10. ^ Prince George Citizen: 2 Sep 1926 & 4 Apr 1957
  11. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/6605795a-dc9e-4104-8e67-bec39d043ce0
  12. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/d2948144-323c-44ea-b9b2-749188a5c4d6
  13. ^ Prince George Citizen: 20 May 1965, 23 May 1969 & 1 Jun 1985
  14. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/8dda53f3-a0d9-4c72-bfce-abc5824aae69
  15. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/17236e29-4407-49f0-b498-6c8397640a3b
  16. ^ Fort George Herald, 5 Oct 1912
  17. ^ Prince George Leader,18 Aug 1922
  18. ^ Prince George Citizen: 27 Aug 1919, 9 Sep 1921, 6 Aug 1959, 5 Mar 1975, 15 Sep 1978, 8 Mar 1979 & 18 Dec 1980
  19. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/27d96aee-0273-4825-93b5-c97c8c997371
  20. ^ Prince George Citizen: 13 Feb 1923, 12 May 1965 & 24 Jul 1979
  21. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/4e59b1cb-beba-4a4d-b884-892799183f17
  22. ^ Prince George Post, 5 Jun 1915
  23. ^ Prince George Citizen, 28 Sep 1939
  24. ^ Prince George Leader, 15 Apr 1921
  25. ^ Prince George Citizen: 31 Dec 1925 & 10 Jan 1929
  26. ^ Prince George Citizen, 16 Nov 1933
  27. ^ History of Ferndale…, pp. 1 & 3
  28. ^ Leonard, Frank. (1996). A Thousand Blunders: The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway and Northern British Columbia. UBC Press
  29. ^ History of Ferndale…, p. 3
  30. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/748561ce-69d7-40c9-8e47-1f8445fad8fd
  31. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/c4ae232f-f6a3-496d-8c30-fe3c08e66ce9
  32. ^ Prince George Citizen: 10 Nov 1927, 27 Jun 1940, 15 Jun 1944 & 3 Jul 2012
  33. ^ Prince George Citizen, 21 Apr 1960
  34. ^ Prince George Citizen: 15 Nov 1923, 14 Feb 1924 & 10 Apr 1924
  35. ^ Prince George Citizen, 17 Jul 1924
  36. ^ Prince George Citizen: 5 Jun 1930 to 7 Aug 1930
  37. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/82d9f169-105f-4e2a-9a0a-6d26938c5b64
  38. ^ Prince George Citizen, 18 Sep 1961
  39. ^ Prince George Citizen: 19 Mar 1936 to 18 Jun 1936
  40. ^ Prince George Citizen: 4 Jul 1935, 15 Aug 1935, 12 Nov 1936 & 7 Oct 1937
  41. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/5e20550d-29f1-4a9b-8706-147c0c4bfbbf
  42. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/64b30f3a-98ef-4c82-a2e6-40e9695a307d
  43. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/11703cd1-156b-4901-ac86-cc35903e77bb
  44. ^ Prince George Citizen: 9 Mar 1944, 3 Jun 1959 & 11 Mar 1971
  45. ^ a b c d History of Ferndale…, p. 4
  46. ^ Prince George Citizen: 9 to 23 Apr 1925; 23 Sep 1926 to 7 Oct 1926; 17 to 31 Mar 1927; & 7 to 21 Mar 1929
  47. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/cf785a40-a629-48d1-b3b6-4714651f5d95
  48. ^ Prince George Citizen: 1 Aug 1929, 19 Nov 1931 & 8 Feb 1951
  49. ^ Prince George Citizen: 9 & 23 Jan 1941
  50. ^ Prince George Citizen, 1 Jun 2016
  51. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2529023
  52. ^ Prince George Citizen, 10 Aug 2016
  53. ^ Prince George Citizen, 22 Oct 2011
  54. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2529273
  55. ^ Prince George Citizen: 29 Jun 1944 & 29 Nov 1956
  56. ^ Prince George Citizen: 31 Oct 1946 & 16 Jan 2015
  57. ^ Prince George Citizen, 17 Dec 1942
  58. ^ Prince George Citizen, 21 Oct 1943
  59. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 23 Mar 1944
  60. ^ a b c Prince George Citizen, 14 Dec 1944
  61. ^ Prince George Citizen, 7 Jul 1949
  62. ^ Prince George Citizen: 13 Oct 1949, 14 Jun 1951 & 17 Dec 1951
  63. ^ Prince George Citizen: 22 Jun 1950 & 13 Sep 1951
  64. ^ Prince George Citizen, 7 Sep 1950
  65. ^ Prince George Citizen, 25 Dec 1952
  66. ^ Prince George Citizen: 26 Oct 1953 to 2 Nov 1953
  67. ^ Prince George Citizen, 3 Jun 1959
  68. ^ Prince George Citizen: 24 Oct 1958 & 13 Nov 1961
  69. ^ Prince George Citizen, 21 May 1963
  70. ^ Prince George Citizen, 11 Oct 1955
  71. ^ Prince George Citizen: 9 Jan 1973; & 18 Apr 1973 to 31 Aug 1973
  72. ^ Prince George Citizen, 6 Feb 1996
  73. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2521221
  74. ^ Prince George Citizen, 15 Sep 1927
  75. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/39466721-5d6e-451e-9aef-c0538b63ae8d
  76. ^ Prince George Citizen, 19 Jun 1974
  77. ^ Prince George Citizen, 27 Oct 1965
  78. ^ a b https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/princegeorgecitizen/obituary.aspx?n=john-commodore-perry&pid=185611874
  79. ^ Prince George Citizen, 11 Jun 1936
  80. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/a360f01c-4603-4ca0-97e2-3f8555ee5f7d
  81. ^ Prince George Citizen: 14 Sep 1939, 5 May 1986 & 29 Dec 1993
  82. ^ https://bccd.vpl.ca/index.php/browse/title/1937/British_Columbia_and_Yukon_Directory
  83. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 15 Aug 1940
  84. ^ Prince George Citizen: 31 May 1945 & 7 Jun 1945
  85. ^ Prince George Citizen, 23 Apr 1942
  86. ^ Prince George Citizen: 24 Sep 1942 & 4 Apr 1946
  87. ^ Prince George Citizen: 29 Jun 1944 & 11 Oct 1945
  88. ^ Prince George Citizen: 27 Sep 1951; & 4 & 15 Oct 1951
  89. ^ Prince George Citizen: 31 Dec 1951 & 31 Jul 1952
  90. ^ Prince George Citizen: 28 Oct 1964, 10 Dec 1976 & 21 Jun 1979
  91. ^ Prince George Citizen: 21 Jun 1971, 2 Jun 1976, 10 Jun 1981 & 24 May 1986
  92. ^ Prince George Citizen: 5 May 1986, 24 Jun 1988 & 29 Dec 1993
  93. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/1217b653-b9a0-49d8-96e1-8fd8a832889e
  94. ^ Prince George Citizen, 29 Aug 1955
  95. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/71fdb3e8-adf3-4030-b1f1-6697fbe15808
  96. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/045f73b3-53aa-4f02-b553-c91092ef5eb0
  97. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/26da504a-51b5-4f29-b165-97468f106f8f
  98. ^ Prince George Citizen: 4 Jun 1952, 14 Oct 1943, 4 Oct 1945 & 28 Jul 1961
  99. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/7ee3d076-9064-41cc-8b21-abd01fee4de1
  100. ^ Prince George Citizen, 24 Apr 1952
  101. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/197f2fc2-c43e-42d9-8fce-a633524937e8
  102. ^ https://bccd.vpl.ca/index.php/browse/title/1927/Wrigley%27s_British_Columbia_Directory
  103. ^ Prince George Citizen: 17 Dec 1942, 13 May 1943, 23 Nov 1944, 5 Jul 1951 & 13 Jun 1955
  104. ^ https://bccd.vpl.ca/index.php/browse/title/1954/Prince_George_City_and_Northern_British_Columbia_Directory
  105. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/e0283c98-938e-4516-bd04-4b2ad88d1881
  106. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/5a02cf5b-b47c-411b-8c01-8dbcb6113a3e
  107. ^ Prince George Citizen, 30 Nov 1950
  108. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Genealogy/Results?as.type_death=true&as.first_name=*Andre*&as.last_name=pipke&as.comments=&search=Search
  109. ^ Prince George Citizen, 17 Jul 1930
  110. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2517665
  111. ^ Prince George Citizen: 20 Dec 1928 & 17 Feb 1983
  112. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/8a10ef54-1ae3-4f38-ad87-a39ecd89dc98
  113. ^ Prince George Citizen: 23 Apr 1942; 3, 23 & 31 Mar 1959; & 5 May 1959
  114. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/313231f3-2958-4122-a0cd-cde89c013585
  115. ^ Prince George Citizen: 21 & 25 Aug 1961
  116. ^ Prince George Citizen, 16 May 1957
  117. ^ Prince George Citizen, 3 Jan 1962
  118. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/a8260507-46bb-4a88-8d3a-4a854cb83b2c
  119. ^ Prince George Citizen, 9 May 1946
  120. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/15143604-c9b3-46fb-b490-756981033290
  121. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2524646
  122. ^ http://fhnas.ca/scow-boats-heavy-haulers-athabasca-river-alberta-canada/
  123. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/66f746f9-e259-4396-b003-ba4a3a7d2458
  124. ^ Prince George Citizen: 4 & 6 Oct 1989
  125. ^ Prince George Citizen, 19 Jan 1984
  126. ^ Prince George Leader, 22 Jul 1921
  127. ^ Prince George Leader, 15 Jul 1921
  128. ^ Prince George Citizen, 2 May 1988 (60)
  129. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/c08b3ab9-8514-4905-acc3-cd0480bf9be5
  130. ^ Prince George Citizen, 4 Jun 1951
  131. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2528354
  132. ^ Prince George Citizen, 6 Sep 1928
  133. ^ Prince George Citizen: 4 Mar 1926, 17 Feb 1927, 1 Feb 1940, 16 Mar 1950, 4 Jun 1951 & 19 Jan 1984
  134. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2524647
  135. ^ Prince George Citizen, 4 Oct 1989
  136. ^ Prince George Citizen: 18 Mar 1943 & 23 Dec 2011
  137. ^ Prince George Citizen, 29 Aug 1946
  138. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 29 May 1952
  139. ^ Prince George Citizen, 6 Jan 1961
  140. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/8b161c29-ccda-4e01-83ca-4b6089a0e7b2
  141. ^ Prince George Citizen, 25 Apr 1974
  142. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/85d0220d-cbd7-4123-8ed8-8b291143e930
  143. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/ba9704c8-2631-466f-a276-21884b6b6e44
  144. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 3 Mar 1938
  145. ^ Prince George Citizen, 14 Oct 1943
  146. ^ Prince George Citizen, 11 Nov 1943
  147. ^ Prince George Citizen: 6 May 1943, 17 Jun 1943, 23 Mar 1944, 11 Oct 1945, 8 Nov 1945 & 25 Apr 1946
  148. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/3db4f04d-6f84-4e52-b9a8-ac4bb4ded995
  149. ^ Prince George Citizen: 16 Nov 1944 & 15 Nov 1945
  150. ^ https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/timescolonist/obituary.aspx?n=charles-william-zilkie-bill&pid=157846800&fhid=11406
  151. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 17 Nov 1949
  152. ^ Prince George Citizen, 24 Oct 1961
  153. ^ https://memoryleaf.net/frederick-zilkie
  154. ^ Prince George Citizen: 10 Jul 1958 & 31 Mar 1959
  155. ^ Prince George Citizen, 9 Sep 1969
  156. ^ Prince George Citizen, 7 May 1980
  157. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/6363c2dd-e0e0-4cb1-a8cf-206a9678817d
  158. ^ https://newspapers.com/clip/5275784/maggie_elvina_cowell_obituary_9_dec/
  159. ^ a b https://saobserver.net/obituaries/susan-catherine-kaye-hubensky/
  160. ^ Prince George Citizen: 21 Oct 1948, 4 Oct 1951, 10 Jul 1958 & 30 Apr 1969
  161. ^ Prince George Citizen, 22 Dec 1938
  162. ^ Prince George Citizen: 14 Oct 1954 & 11 Jul 1955
  163. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/c1b8e1e8-55fd-496b-ac84-ef33849f9545
  164. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/54b56b92-1b78-4669-87e0-0c8ea568e085
  165. ^ Prince George Citizen, 25 Jul 1940
  166. ^ Prince George Citizen: 27 Jul 1944, 28 Feb 1946, 15 Aug 1946 & 15 May 1947
  167. ^ Prince George Citizen: 3 Aug 1950 & 5 Jul 1951
  168. ^ Prince George Citizen: 24 Jun 1943 & 15 Jun 1944
  169. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 16 Sep 1943
  170. ^ Prince George Citizen, 8 Apr 1943
  171. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 18 Oct 1945
  172. ^ a b c Prince George Citizen, 6 Jun 1946
  173. ^ Prince George Citizen: 31 Aug 1944, 21 Sep 1944 & 21 Oct 1948
  174. ^ Prince George Citizen: 5 Apr 1945, 15 May 1947, 12 Jun 1947, 21 Oct 1948 & 12 Jun 1952
  175. ^ Prince George Citizen, 21 Oct 1948
  176. ^ Prince George Citizen, 24 Feb 1949
  177. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 2 Mar 1950
  178. ^ Prince George Citizen: 25 Jan 1951 & 22 Feb 1951
  179. ^ Prince George Citizen, 21 Jul 1952
  180. ^ Prince George Citizen: 2 & 30 Aug 1951; & 8 Nov 1951
  181. ^ a b c Prince George Citizen, 9 Feb 1953
  182. ^ Prince George Citizen, 30 Apr 1969
  183. ^ Prince George Citizen, 31 Aug 1953
  184. ^ Prince George Citizen, 20 Jun 1967
  185. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/76f73b09-f3e5-48ab-8cb0-b0889af865e2
  186. ^ Prince George Citizen, 9 Feb 1989
  187. ^ a b c Prince George Citizen, 10 Jul 1958
  188. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2519155
  189. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/55fb4342-7d58-4ad2-bb48-f67e34625f66
  190. ^ Prince George Citizen, 5 Jan 1981
  191. ^ Prince George Citizen, 15 Dec 1999
  192. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2523488
  193. ^ Prince George Citizen, 16 Apr 1996
  194. ^ Prince George Citizen: 10 Jan 1946, 14 Jul 1949 & 15 Dec 1999
  195. ^ Prince George Citizen, 20 Mar 1947
  196. ^ Prince George Citizen, 7 Mar 1946
  197. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/5ea1098a-321c-406b-b04a-1b4b07fc0423
  198. ^ Prince George Citizen: 11 Nov 1937, 28 May 1942 & 6 Aug 1988
  199. ^ Prince George Citizen, 15 Jun 1944
  200. ^ Prince George Citizen, 9 Nov 1944
  201. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2521778
  202. ^ Prince George Citizen, 23 Dec 1975
  203. ^ Prince George Citizen: 21 Jun 1945, 12 Jul 1945 & 9 Jun 1949
  204. ^ Prince George Citizen: 9 Jun 1949, 20 Dec 1951 & 29 May 1952
  205. ^ Prince George Citizen: 20 Mar 1947, 5 Jun 1947 & 8 Aug 1988
  206. ^ Prince George Citizen: 20 Nov 1952 to 1 Dec 1952
  207. ^ Prince George Citizen, 23 Feb 1953
  208. ^ Prince George Citizen, 24 Mar 1961
  209. ^ Prince George Citizen, 6 Aug 1988
  210. ^ Prince George Citizen: 10 Jul 1958 & 26 Jun 1967
  211. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/19c05f92-b524-4322-bfcd-f86deb8fd62e
  212. ^ Prince George Citizen: 2 Nov 1950, 13 Feb 1985 & 7 Jun 1991
  213. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/1d6b798f-423e-4d30-a36b-0c293e0c8b68
  214. ^ Prince George Citizen, 1 Mar 1945
  215. ^ Prince George Citizen, 11 Oct 1945
  216. ^ Prince George Citizen, 14 Jul 1949
  217. ^ Prince George Citizen: 3 Aug 1950, 25 Jun 1951 & 21 Aug 1952
  218. ^ Prince George Citizen, 13 Jun 1963
  219. ^ Prince George Citizen, 18 Nov 1963
  220. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/97e30513-4200-4a52-a2bd-6a702a740b8b
  221. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/e9de1523-686f-4c77-83a5-8cc0808b7d8d
  222. ^ Prince George Citizen: 25 Nov 1977, 30 Aug 1983 & 11 May 1991
  223. ^ Prince George Citizen: 13 Apr 1944 & 9 Nov 1944
  224. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2529164
  225. ^ Prince George Citizen, 12 May 2016
  226. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/125b0299-7c8b-4d93-97a7-a69ed9930c96
  227. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 29 Jun 1944
  228. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2524632
  229. ^ Prince George Citizen: 18 Oct 1951 & 5 Dec 1989
  230. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 31 Aug 1944
  231. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/5d8760a7-c6d8-4f32-9373-c2b0f932cffe
  232. ^ Prince George Citizen: 3 Oct 1946 & 25 Sep 1947
  233. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/d2a29319-9a88-47f8-879b-8a8b686545f8
  234. ^ Prince George Citizen, 9 Aug 1962
  235. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2525962
  236. ^ Prince George Citizen, 27 Apr 1953
  237. ^ Prince George Citizen, 8 Apr 1954
  238. ^ Prince George Citizen, 8 Aug 1996
  239. ^ Prince George Citizen, 20 May 1958
  240. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2529438
  241. ^ https://www.vernonmorningstar.com/obituaries/aldene-marie-wickum/
  242. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 25 Nov 1977
  243. ^ Prince George Citizen, 8 Jan 1964
  244. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 26 Jun 1967
  245. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2528476
  246. ^ Prince George Citizen, 23 Dec 2011
  247. ^ Prince George Citizen: 9 Jun 1949, 20 Dec 1951 & 26 Jun 1952
  248. ^ Prince George Citizen, 23 Dec 1943
  249. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/8722624a-d811-43ac-9dbb-11516ff6d4f7
  250. ^ Prince George Citizen: 22 Apr 1943 & 26 Aug 1943
  251. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/42e157d6-4cbb-4818-b8ea-0ba3ec318a54
  252. ^ Prince George Citizen, 8 Feb 1997
  253. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 13 Jul 1944
  254. ^ Prince George Citizen: 17 Aug 1950 & 25 Jun 1953
  255. ^ Prince George Citizen, 13 Jul 1953
  256. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2528912
  257. ^ Prince George Citizen, 1 Sep 2015
  258. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 9 Aug 1961
  259. ^ Prince George Citizen: 23 Dec 2011 & 1 Sep 2015
  260. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/ee2bc3dd-b12d-46ad-84d3-53087a393b8c
  261. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2521710
  262. ^ Prince George Citizen, 14 Mar 1978
  263. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/7f45731d-6b14-4288-8245-3d00fea6b29c
  264. ^ Prince George Citizen: 19 & 29 Nov 1973
  265. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2528787
  266. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2522167
  267. ^ Prince George Citizen, 1 Apr 2010
  268. ^ Prince George Citizen: 16 Sep 1943, 14 Oct 1943 & 4 Nov 1943
  269. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/95c8ff32-f1fd-4edc-b431-8914163452b1
  270. ^ Prince George Citizen, 28 Oct 1997
  271. ^ Prince George Citizen, 9 Mar 1944
  272. ^ Prince George Citizen: 29 Jun 1944 & 7 Sep 1944
  273. ^ Prince George Citizen: 9 Nov 1944 & 8 Feb 1945
  274. ^ Prince George Citizen: 1 May 1947, 22 Apr 1997 & 1 Sep 2012
  275. ^ Prince George Citizen, 11 Jan 1945
  276. ^ Prince George Citizen, 5 Apr 1945
  277. ^ Prince George Citizen, 10 Mar 1952
  278. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/45f4ebd6-d547-4ee9-806c-5037f0a3ef55
  279. ^ Prince George Citizen, 6 Jun 1983
  280. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2521141
  281. ^ Prince George Citizen, 26 Oct 1990
  282. ^ Prince George Citizen: 4 May 1953, 4 Nov 1943, 16 Mar 1944 & 13 Apr 1944
  283. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 13 Apr 1944
  284. ^ Prince George Citizen: 4 May 1944, 29 Jun 1944 & 9 Nov 1944
  285. ^ Prince George Citizen: 8 Nov 1951 & 26 Jun 1952
  286. ^ Prince George Citizen, 8 Jan 1953
  287. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/5799357a-bf2a-4340-957e-5e4261fa2474
  288. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/cb52fda0-1852-4f40-bd50-7ebe8dffbdb6
  289. ^ Prince George Citizen, 9 Apr 1985
  290. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2526571
  291. ^ Prince George Citizen, 31 Jan 2001
  292. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2519803
  293. ^ Prince George Citizen, 23 May 1995
  294. ^ Prince George Citizen, 28 Oct 1957
  295. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2526572
  296. ^ Prince George Citizen, 20 May 1948
  297. ^ Prince George Citizen: 25 Jun 1951, 30 Aug 1951, 31 Dec 1951, 28 Feb 1952, 20 Mar 1952 & 12 Mar 1953
  298. ^ Prince George Citizen: 4 Dec 1952, 13 Jul 1953 & 6 Aug 1953
  299. ^ Prince George Citizen, 17 Aug 1950
  300. ^ a b c Prince George Citizen, 4 Dec 1952
  301. ^ Prince George Citizen, 18 Feb 1958
  302. ^ Prince George Citizen, 29 Nov 1956
  303. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/24fb1b8f-0807-40f3-8d3e-f1eb3bddee19
  304. ^ Prince George Citizen: 9 Jul 1942 & 13 Aug 1942
  305. ^ Prince George Citizen, 1 Apr 1943
  306. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Genealogy/Results?as.type_death=true&as.first_name=hjalmar&as.last_name=sjokvist&as.comments=&search=Search
  307. ^ Prince George Citizen, 7 May 1942
  308. ^ Prince George Citizen: 1 & 29 Apr 1943 & 6 May 1943
  309. ^ Prince George Citizen, 13 May 1943
  310. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/be0ebf09-b1c8-4e07-af3e-9190624d9d80
  311. ^ Prince George Citizen, 17 Jun 1943
  312. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/ca1ee517-6497-45f5-ad6c-d6633554c0a8
  313. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/d6c89270-17d0-44cf-945c-c48f72f3d33b
  314. ^ Prince George Citizen: 10 May 1945, 28 May 1953, 28 Sep 1978 & 11 Sep 1980
  315. ^ Prince George Citizen: 14 Oct 1943, 15 Jun 1944 & 9 May 1946
  316. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/5ab8983b-0d72-445d-96ae-92bfa569521d
  317. ^ Prince George Citizen, 9 Feb 1950
  318. ^ Prince George Citizen, 22 May 1956
  319. ^ Prince George Citizen: 28 Jul 1959, 5 Jul 1960 & 7 Oct 1960
  320. ^ Prince George Citizen, 10 Aug 1961
  321. ^ Prince George Citizen, 11 Sep 1980
  322. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/e42fb4e5-48f4-43a7-ae06-354e912f062e
  323. ^ Prince George Citizen: 15 Jun 1979, 26 Apr 1982 & 21 May 1994
  324. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/52dac43a-83d7-49bd-9b71-54fb02f0f6f3
  325. ^ Prince George Citizen, 19 Jan 1981
  326. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/72fc6d86-5fee-4433-8927-fafb8eb26572
  327. ^ Prince George Citizen, 6 Feb 1984
  328. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2520261
  329. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2520271
  330. ^ Prince George Citizen, 28 Sep 1998
  331. ^ Prince George Citizen: 27 Jul 1944 & 11 Jun 1969
  332. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/b69047f5-063e-491c-aa8c-0a1841febef2
  333. ^ Prince George Citizen, 19 Apr 1979
  334. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/2b903193-db67-4b67-bd00-b7e40c6a8293
  335. ^ Prince George Citizen, 26 Jun 1990
  336. ^ Prince George Citizen, 25 Jun 1951
  337. ^ Prince George Citizen, 29 Jun 1950
  338. ^ Prince George Citizen: 10 Nov 1952 & 4 Dec 1952
  339. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 17 Sep 1951
  340. ^ Prince George Citizen: 30 Nov 1950, 12 Jun 1952 & 25 Dec 1952
  341. ^ Prince George Citizen: 4 May 1966 & 19 Apr 1979
  342. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/21f2d9b1-f37e-4402-99ea-5c507d3b99bf
  343. ^ Prince George Citizen, 20 Aug 1974
  344. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/341e3ba5-3a52-446b-a9bb-ea454ac2bb00
  345. ^ Prince George Citizen: 15 Jun 1944, 1 Apr 1980 & 1 May 1993
  346. ^ a b Prince George Citizen, 5 Jun 1947
  347. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/b9b9f373-d18f-41b7-b268-600ea2cdc30e
  348. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2517512
  349. ^ Prince George Citizen, 2 May 1972
  350. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/b84b0157-64c3-4e5f-ace7-b663a82be44b
  351. ^ Prince George Citizen, 22 Oct 1975
  352. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2521245
  353. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/a81fc073-fa54-41d2-80fa-eb484cbf39fc
  354. ^ Prince George Citizen, 15 Mar 1994
  355. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/d6c37f46-dd96-41e0-bf5c-80af062e504b
  356. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Genealogy/Results?as.type_death=true&as.first_name=*Grace*&as.last_name=Handford&as.comments=&search=Search
  357. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/907901a0-fc48-433d-ab7a-4b1a96862f5c
  358. ^ Prince George Citizen, 19 Feb 1942
  359. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/6c710e7e-cdb6-492b-82d9-c66a535e2b04
  360. ^ Prince George Citizen: 27 Aug 1942 & 4 Mar 1943
  361. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/70b1e3d5-878c-4a44-bb67-f17e275888ca
  362. ^ Prince George Citizen, 5 Aug 1948
  363. ^ Prince George Citizen: 5 & 19 May 1949; & 30 Nov 1950
  364. ^ Prince George Citizen, 15 Feb 1951
  365. ^ Prince George Citizen, 12 Jun 1952
  366. ^ Prince George Citizen, 24 Nov 1955
  367. ^ Prince George Citizen, 29 Oct 1951
  368. ^ Prince George Citizen, 24 Dec 1957
  369. ^ Prince George Citizen, 25 Apr 1957
  370. ^ Prince George Citizen, 28 Jul 1965
  371. ^ Prince George Citizen, 14 Mar 1975
  372. ^ Prince George Citizen: 7 & 8 Dec 1989
  373. ^ Prince George Citizen: 8 Nov 1951, 20 Mar 1952, 29 May 1952, 21 Jul 1952 & 4 Dec 1952
  374. ^ Prince George Citizen: 20 Mar 1952, 15 May 1952, 21 Jul 1952, 21 Aug 1952 & 10 Nov 1952
  375. ^ Prince George Citizen: 15 May 1952, 21 Aug 1952 & 6 Jan 1961
  376. ^ Prince George Citizen, 26 Jun 1952
  377. ^ Prince George Citizen: 30 Dec 1954, 10 Jan 1955, 21 Apr 1955 & 13 Jun 1957
  378. ^ Prince George Citizen, 24 Oct 1955
  379. ^ Prince George Citizen: 18 Nov 1948, 16 Dec 1948, 25 Feb 1952, 6 Nov 1952, 12 Mar 1953 & 13 Jun 1955
  380. ^ https://saobserver.net/obituaries/lorraine-gwenyth-fortin/
  381. ^ Prince George Citizen, 24 Aug 1959
  382. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/65d1371c-8cce-4bd9-919c-f355d8236173
  383. ^ a b Hall, Barbara; & Pallo, Rose (2010). School District No. 57 (Prince George) historical memories. (Volume I): people, places, programs & services. Prince George Retired Teachers' Association, Education Heritage Committee
  384. ^ Prince George Citizen, 5 Jul 1934
  385. ^ Prince George Citizen: 7 Jun 1934, 11 Jun 1936, 10 Jun 1937, 9 Jun 1938, 15 Jun 1939 & 20 Jun 1940
  386. ^ Prince George Citizen: 24 Nov 1938, 22 Dec 1938, 1 Apr 1943 & 12 Oct 1944
  387. ^ Prince George Citizen: 8 Apr 1943, 3 Feb 1944, 9 & 29 Mar 1944 & 8 Feb 1945
  388. ^ Prince George Citizen: 8 Nov 1945, 3 Apr 1947 & 15 May 1947
  389. ^ Prince George Citizen: 7 & 14 Sep 1939
  390. ^ Prince George Citizen, 2 Sep 1937
  391. ^ Prince George Citizen: 1 May 1941 to 16 Oct 1941
  392. ^ Prince George Citizen: 1 Apr 1943; 23 Mar 1944; & 13 & 20 Apr 1944
  393. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/0fc1181d-49f9-46d2-a006-327a65b0a5c2
  394. ^ Prince George Citizen: 18 Mar 1943 & 8 Apr 1943
  395. ^ Prince George Citizen, 12 Oct 1944
  396. ^ Prince George Citizen: 11 Oct 1945, 22 Nov 1945 & 17 Jan 1946
  397. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/68466265-4aac-49e7-ac2b-ebad09ab82fb
  398. ^ Prince George Citizen, 10 Jan 1946
  399. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/68d85c6d-e433-4180-bc2e-c528720c1617
  400. ^ Prince George Citizen, 4 May 1939
  401. ^ Prince George Citizen, 18 Nov 1948
  402. ^ Prince George Citizen: 10 Feb 1949 & 14 Jul 1949
  403. ^ Prince George Citizen, 7 Apr 1949
  404. ^ Prince George Citizen: 8 Sep 1949, 6 Oct 1949 & 1 Dec 1949
  405. ^ Prince George Citizen: 2 & 30 Mar 1950, 3 Jun 1950, 27 Jul 1950, 16 Oct 1950; 2, 16 & 30 Nov 1950; 21 Dec 1950….30 Jan 1958, 20 Nov 1958….21 Feb 1962, 25 May 1962, 20 Jul 1962, 24 Aug 1962, 13 Sep 1962, 7 Nov 1962, 6 Dec 1962….31 Jan 1966, 31 Mar 1966, 6 May 1966, 2 Jun 1966, 5 Aug 1966, 1 Sep 1966, 4 Nov 1966, 2 & 30 Dec 1966….6 Feb 1970, 3 Apr 1970, 1 May 1970, 5 Jun 1970, 4 Sep 1970, 6 Nov 1970, 4 & 31 Dec 1970….5 Apr 1974, 6 Sep 1974, 8 Nov 1974, 31 Dec 1974….4 May 1978, 2 Jun 1978, 7 Jul 1978, 11 Aug 1978, 8 Sep 1978, 3 Nov 1978, 1 Dec 1978….
  406. ^ Prince George Citizen: 28 Feb 1952, 15 Oct 1953, 24 Oct 1955, 8 Oct 1957, 27 Oct 1960, 6 Oct 1961, 10 Oct 1962, 23 Oct 1963, 23 Oct 1964, 1 Oct 1965, 30 Sep 1966, 4 Oct 1968, 1 Oct 1969, 3 Nov 1972, 2 Nov 1973, 4 Oct 1974, 3 Oct 1975, 29 Sep 1976, 27 Sep 1977, 5 Oct 1978, 9 Nov 1979 & 6 Nov 1980
  407. ^ Prince George Citizen: 8 Nov 1951, 24 Nov 1955, 25 Apr 1957, 16 May 1957, 8 Oct 1957, 18 Feb 1958, 8 Apr 1960, 13 Oct 1960, 17 Nov 1960, 11 Jan 1961, 10 Mar 1961, 13 Apr 1961, 9 Mar 1962, 26 Oct 1962, 15 Feb 1963, 11 Apr 1963, 24 May 1963, 9 Oct 1963, 8 Nov 1963, 10 Jan 1964, 7 Feb 1964, 13 Mar 1964, 13 Apr 1964, 6 May 1964, 13 Nov 1964, 11 Dec 1964 & 12 Mar 1965
  408. ^ Prince George Citizen: 30 Aug 1951, 26 Jun 1952, 21 Aug 1952, 13 Jul 1953 & 8 Aug 1957
  409. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/cdd49bec-cb1d-486b-ab3e-1a259fda18c5
  410. ^ Prince George Citizen, 30 Jan 1988
  411. ^ http://geneofun.on.ca/names/photo/2522805
  412. ^ Prince George Citizen, 13 Aug 1998
  413. ^ Prince George Citizen, 30 Aug 1951
  414. ^ Prince George Citizen, 27 Sep 1951
  415. ^ Prince George Citizen: 29 Oct 1951 & 4 Dec 1952,
  416. ^ Prince George Citizen: 28 Feb 1952, 21 Aug 1952, 25 Jun 1953 & 25 Mar 1963
  417. ^ Prince George Citizen: 1 May 1968 & 23 Apr 1969
  418. ^ Prince George Citizen: 30 Aug 1951 & 20 Mar 1952
  419. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/659cdd78-2f21-4e12-ae13-e448fc57cf2a
  420. ^ Prince George Citizen, 6 Dec 1965
  421. ^ Prince George Citizen, 26 Feb 1953
  422. ^ Prince George Citizen: 23 Nov 1953 & 21 Apr 1955
  423. ^ Prince George Citizen: 29 Aug 1955 & 18 Dec 1961
  424. ^ Prince George Citizen, 20 Sep 1961
  425. ^ Prince George Citizen: 8 & 18 Dec 1961
  426. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/90ad43eb-0b69-4b48-a899-63709eddae62
  427. ^ https://castanet.net/obituaries/SCOFIELD,_Florence/
  428. ^ Prince George Citizen: 6 Nov 1967, 12 May 1969, 10 Aug 1982 & 28 Oct 1992
  429. ^ Prince George Citizen: 17 Sep 1951 & 25 Aug 1952
  430. ^ Prince George Citizen: 30 Aug 1951, 31 Dec 1951, 7 Feb 1952 & 29 May 1952
  431. ^ Prince George Citizen, 20 Mar 1952
  432. ^ Prince George Citizen, 21 Aug 1952
  433. ^ Prince George Citizen, 25 Aug 1952
  434. ^ Prince George Citizen: 4 & 25 Dec 1952
  435. ^ Prince George Citizen: 13 Jul 1953, 15 Oct 1953, 24 Mar 1955 & 21 Apr 1955
  436. ^ Prince George Citizen: 22 Nov 1954 & 24 Mar 1955
  437. ^ Prince George Citizen, 24 Jun 1967
  438. ^ Prince George Citizen, 24 Mar 1955
  439. ^ Prince George Citizen: 20 Sep 1957 & 18 Feb 1958
  440. ^ Prince George Citizen, 8 Oct 1958
  441. ^ Prince George Citizen, 22 Sep 1955
  442. ^ Prince George Citizen, 8 Dec 1955
  443. ^ Prince George Citizen: 2 Sep 1960 & 7 Dec 1960
  444. ^ Prince George Citizen, 8 Dec 1961
  445. ^ Prince George Citizen: 29 Nov 1966 & 29 Nov 1967
  446. ^ Prince George Citizen: 5 Jul 1979, 3 Aug 1979, 5 Oct 1979, 7 & 29 Feb 1980, 21 Apr 1981, 20 Sep 1986, 10 Apr 1987, 17 Sep 1987, 12 Feb 1988, 13 Sep 1988, 27 Oct 1990, 26 Apr 1995, 19 Sep 1997, 18 Sep 1999, 28 Sep 2002 & 25 Sep 2015
  447. ^ Prince George Citizen: 15 Jun 1979, 10 Oct 1980, 6 Mar 1981, 19 Mar 1982, 23 Apr 1982, 28 May 1982, 9 Sep 1982, 10 Dec 1982, 25 Feb 1983, 21 Sep 1983, 21 Oct 1983, 23 Nov 1983, 27 Jan 1984, 15 Mar 1984, 25 May 1984, 27 Sep 1984, 15 Feb 1985, 1 May 1985, 20 Sep 1985, 13 Dec 1985, 14 Feb 1986, 25 Oct 1986, 13 Feb 1987, 23 Oct 1987, 28 Oct 1988, 27 Oct 1989, 26 Oct 1991, 30 Oct 1993, 28 Oct 1994 & 24 Oct 1997
  448. ^ Prince George Citizen: 28 Aug 1981, 22 Jul 1997, 11 Aug 1997, 31 Oct 1997 & 14 Feb 2002
  449. ^ Prince George Citizen: 9, 10 & 15 Feb 1984; & 25 Jan 1985
  450. ^ Prince George Citizen: 24 Jan 1986 & 8 Feb 1991
  451. ^ Prince George Citizen: 18 Feb 1989, 13 Jun 1989 & 8 Dec 1989
  452. ^ Prince George Citizen, 13 May 2014
  453. ^ Prince George Citizen, 5 Aug 1937
  454. ^ Prince George Citizen: 9 & 16 Feb 1950
  455. ^ Prince George Citizen, 5 Jul 1951
  456. ^ Prince George Citizen: 16 Aug 1951 & 22 Nov 1954
  457. ^ Prince George Citizen: 16 Aug 1951, 10 Nov 1952, 17 Jul 1958 & 16 Oct 1989
  458. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/6044b842-4da3-476a-808e-4d8625fdfb29
  459. ^ Prince George Citizen: 12, 16 & 19 Jul 1965
  460. ^ Prince George Citizen, 27 Nov 1969
  461. ^ Prince George Citizen: 5 Jul 1951, 13 Jun 1957 & 2 Dec 1985
  462. ^ Prince George Citizen: 16 Aug 1951, 10 Mar 1952, 25 Dec 1952, 24 Dec 1957 & 13 Jan 1982
  463. ^ Prince George Citizen, 16 May 1980
  464. ^ Prince George Citizen, 24 Jun 1980
  465. ^ Prince George Citizen: 9 Sep 1982 & 10 Dec 1982
  466. ^ Prince George Citizen: 5 & 9 Jul 1984
  467. ^ Prince George Citizen, 26 Jan 1985
  468. ^ Prince George Citizen, 19 Jul 1985
  469. ^ Prince George Citizen, 14 Nov 1985
  470. ^ Prince George Citizen, 8 May 1986
  471. ^ http://search-collections.royalbcmuseum.bc.ca/Image/Genealogy/d5921169-85ec-41fb-8ad8-9c5fffbf5bf1
  472. ^ Prince George Citizen, 20 Feb 1995
  473. ^ Prince George Citizen, 8 Feb 1996
  474. ^ Prince George Citizen, 2 Dec 1996
  475. ^ Prince George Citizen, 19 Sep 2001
  476. ^ Prince George Citizen: 18 & 19 Feb 2012; 21 Apr 2012; 18, 29 & 30 Jan 2013; 15 Feb 2013; 11 Apr 2013; 4, 16, 19, 20 Jul 2013; 29 Aug 2013; 7 Dec 2013; 12 Feb 2014; & 28 Nov 2014
  477. ^ Prince George Citizen: 10 Feb 2011, 26 Mar 2011, 13 Aug 2011 & 24 Nov 2012
  478. ^ Prince George Citizen, 9 Apr 2016
  479. ^ History of Ferndale…, p. 2
  480. ^ Prince George Herald, 27 Aug 1915
  481. ^ Prince George Citizen: 10 Nov 1922, 8 Jul 1926, 8 Jan 1951 & 9 Sep 1954
  482. ^ Prince George Citizen: 17 Jun 1943, 15 Jun 1944 & 7 Jun 1951
  483. ^ Prince George Citizen: 17 May 1945, 5 May 1949, 19 Apr 1951, 17 May 1951 & 21 May 1957
  484. ^ Prince George Citizen: 7 Jul 1966, 26 Jul 1968 & 21 Oct 1968
  485. ^ Prince George Citizen, 3 Aug 1977
  486. ^ Prince George Citizen, 13 Oct 1992
  487. ^ Prince George Citizen: 16 Jun 1960 & 7 Feb 1961
  488. ^ Prince George Citizen, 24 May 1996
  489. ^ https://rdffg.bc.ca/services/community/utility-extensions


References[edit]

  • "Ferndale (community)". BC Geographical Names.
  • http://pgnewspapers.pgpl.ca/fedora/repository
  • Perry, Margaret (1958). The History of Ferndale. Ferndale Centennial Committee