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The National Martyrs Memorial, built at Hussainiwala in memory of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru
|Founded by||Firoz Shah Tughluq|
|Named for||Firoz Shah Tughluq|
|• Member of Parliament||Sher Singh Ghubaya (SAD)|
|• Member of the Legislative Assembly (Urban)||Parminder Singh Pinky (INC)|
|• Member of the Legislative Assembly (Rural)||Joginder singh Jindu (SAD)|
|Elevation||182 m (597 ft)|
|• Density||380/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|• Other||Hindi and English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||PB 05|
|Sex ratio||885/1000 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Firozpur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Firozpur City|
|Major Highways||NH95 SH15 SH 20|
|Avg. summer temperature||29.7 °C (85.5 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||16.9 °C (62.4 °F)|
|Precipitation||731.6 millimetres (28.80 in)|
Firozpur, also known as Ferozepur, is a city on the banks of the Sutlej River in Firozpur District, Punjab, India. It was founded by Sultan Firoz Shah Tughluq (1351–88), a famous ruler of the Tughluq dynasty, who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388.
The climate of the Firozpur District is, on the whole, dry and is characterised by a hot summer, a short rainy season and a bracing winter. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from November to March. This is followed by the summer season which lasts up to about the end of June. The period from July to the middle of September constitutes the south-westerly monsoon season. The latter half of September and October may be termed the post-monsoon or the transition period.
|Climate data for Firozpur|
|Average high °C (°F)||19
|Average low °C (°F)||7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||20.3
According to the 2001 Indian census, Firozpur had a population of 95,451, which increased from 78,738 in 1991. Males constitute 53 per cent of the population and females 47 per cent. It had an average literacy rate of 71 per cent, higher than the national average of 59.5 per cent: male literacy was 73 per cent and female literacy 68 per cent. 11 per cent of the population was under 6 years of age.
The nearest international airport from the city is Sri Guru Ram Das Jee International Airport at Amritsar, roughly a two-hour drive away. The airport is connected to other parts of the country by regular flights. Several airlines operate flights from abroad, including Birmingham in the UK, Dubai and Doha. The next nearest international airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi. Ludhiana Domestic Airport is distance 125 kilometres (78 mi) away. The government[clarification needed] is planning to construct an airport in the city.
There are two railway stations located in Firozpur. The Firozpur Cantonment railway station is the major railway station located in the cantonment place of Firozpur and is connected with the cities such as Mumbai and Ahmedabad. It is served by three railway lines – Ludhiana-Fazilka line, Delhi-Firozpur line and Jalandhar-Firozpur line. The Firozpur City railway station is on the Firozpur-Fazilka line. 12047/12048 shatabdi express goes to Delhi from Firozpur.
Firozpur is connected to Chandigarh via Ludhiana through National Highway 95. National Highway 15 passes through Talwandi and Zira, which are very close to the city. Firozpur is connected to Faridkot via SH15 and to Fazilka-Abohar via SH20. SH19 passes through Makhu, which is very close to the city. The city is well-connected with all the neighbouring cities through buses operated by Punjab Roadways, Pepsu Road Transport Corporation (PRTC) and other privately operated buses.
Firozpur has an All India Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Firozpur. It broadcasts on 100.1 MHz frequency.
- National Martyr Memorial
- Jamni Sahib Gurudwara
- Anglo-Sikh War Memorial
- Barki Memorial
- Saragarhi Gurudwara Memorial
- Dargah Sher Shah Wali
- Indo-Pak Border
- Shaheed Bhagat Singh Hideout Building
- Gurudwara Ram Lal
Sikhs form a majority in the Firozpur District on a whole in spite of not being the majority religion of the city.
- Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 98. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
- Dhiman, Manoj (July 3, 1999). "tribuneindia... Regional Vignettes". Tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2016-12-26.
- "Firozpur". Info Punjab. Retrieved 2006-10-14.
- "Average Weather for Firozpur - Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved February 25, 2008.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.