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Firozpur

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Firozpur
The National Martyrs Memorial, built at Hussainiwala in memory of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru
The National Martyrs Memorial, built at Hussainiwala in memory of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru
Nickname(s): FZR
Firozpur is located in Punjab
Firozpur
Firozpur
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 30°55′00″N 74°36′00″E / 30.9166°N 74.6°E / 30.9166; 74.6Coordinates: 30°55′00″N 74°36′00″E / 30.9166°N 74.6°E / 30.9166; 74.6
Country India
State Punjab
District Firozpur
Founded by Firoz Shah Tughluq
Named for Firoz Shah Tughluq
Government
 • Type Democratic
 • Member of Parliament Sher Singh Ghubaya (SAD)
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (Urban) Parminder Singh Pinky (INC)
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (Rural) Satkar Kaur (INC)[1]
Elevation 182 m (597 ft)
Population (2011)‡[›]
 • Total 110,091
 • Density 380/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Firozpuri, Firozpuria
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
 • Dialect Malwai
 • Other Hindi and English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 152001
UNLOCODE IN FIR
Area code(s) 91-1632
Vehicle registration PB 05
Sex ratio 885/1000[2] /
Literacy 69.80%
Lok Sabha constituency Firozpur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Firozpur City
Planning agency PUDA
Major Highways NH95 SH15 SH 20
Climate Cw (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature 29.7 °C (85.5 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 16.9 °C (62.4 °F)
Precipitation 731.6 millimetres (28.80 in)
Website www.ferozepur.nic.in

Firozpur, also known as Ferozepur, is a city on the banks of the Sutlej River in Firozpur District, Punjab, India. It was founded by Sultan Firoz Shah Tughluq (1351–88), a famous ruler of the Tughluq dynasty, who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388.[3]

Firozpur is called 'the land of martyrs'.[4] After the Partition of India in 1947, it became a border town on the Indo-Pakistani border with memorials of India's freedom fighters.[5]

Location[edit]

The town of Firozpur is located at 30.9166°N & 74.6°E. It lies on Indo-Pak border. It is 233.2 km from the state capital Chandigarh, 111.6 km from Jalandhar, 123.6 km from Ludhiana and 100.7 km from Amritsar. It is 433.8 km from the country's capital Delhi.

Climate[edit]

The climate of the Firozpur District is, on the whole, dry and is characterised by a hot summer, a short rainy season and a bracing winter.[citation needed] The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from November to March. This is followed by the summer season which lasts up to about the end of June. The period from July to the middle of September constitutes the south-westerly monsoon season. The latter half of September and October may be termed the post-monsoon or the transition period.

Climate data for Firozpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19
(66)
21
(69)
26
(78)
34
(94)
38
(101)
39
(103)
34
(94)
33
(91)
33
(92)
32
(89)
26
(79)
21
(69)
29.7
(85.4)
Average low °C (°F) 7
(44)
8
(47)
13
(55)
18
(65)
23
(73)
26
(79)
26
(79)
24
(76)
23
(74)
17
(63)
11
(52)
7
(45)
16.9
(62.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20.3
(0.80)
38.1
(1.50)
30.5
(1.20)
20.3
(0.80)
20.3
(0.80)
61
(2.40)
228.6
(9.00)
188
(7.40)
86.4
(3.40)
5.1
(0.20)
12.7
(0.50)
20.3
(0.80)
731.6
(28.8)
Source: [6]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 Indian census,[7] Firozpur had a population of 95,451, which increased from 78,738 in 1991. Males constitute 53 per cent of the population and females 47 per cent. It had an average literacy rate of 71 per cent, higher than the national average of 59.5 per cent: male literacy was 73 per cent and female literacy 68 per cent. 11 per cent of the population was under 6 years of age.

The provisional data of the 2011 census shows a population of 110,091, of which males were 58,401 and females were 51,690. The literacy rate was 79.75 per cent.[8]


Notable places[edit]

  • National Martyr Memorial
  • Jamni Sahib Gurudwara
  • Anglo-Sikh War Memorial
  • Barki Memorial
  • Saragarhi Gurudwara Memorial
  • Dargah Sher Shah Wali
  • Indo-Pak Border
  • Shaheed Bhagat Singh Hideout Building
  • Gurudwara Ram Lal

Indo-Pak Border[edit]

The border crossing is now closed for travelers, although a flag retreat ceremony is still held daily. Until 1970, it was the principal road crossing between India and Pakistan, and was a trade route for truckers, mostly for the import of Kandahari Angoor (dehydrated grapes) and other fruits and food products from Pakistan and Afghanistan. The border crossing was replaced by the border crossing at Wagah, a little further north. In 2005 there were proposals to reopen the border, but it remained closed.

National Martyr Memorial[edit]

Hussainniwala is the site of the National Martyrs Memorial, which marks the location where Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were cremated on 23 March 1931. It is also the cremation place of Batukeshwar Dutt, who was also involved in bombing the Central Legislative Assembly with Singh, as well as that of Singh's mother, Vidyawati.

An annual fair takes place at the memorial on 23 March, which is the anniversary of Singh's death. The day is also observed across the state of Punjab.

Saragarhi Memorial[edit]

Saragarhi Memorial Gurudwara, made by the Army Authorities has been made in the memory of 21 Sikh soldiers of the 36th Sikh Regiment. The soldiers died while protecting the Fort Saragarhi in Waziristan on 12th September 1897. It is of high religious importance among Sikhs.

Stadiums[edit]

  • Shaheed Bhagat Singh Stadium
  • Railway Stadium

Religion[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Hinduism and Sikhism are the main religions of Firozpur. Minorities are Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Jainism.

Sikhs form a majority in the Firozpur District on a whole in spite of not being the majority religion of the city.[dubious ][citation needed]

Religion in Firozpur[2]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
70.47%
Sikhism
26.25%
Christianity
2.35%
Islam
0.31%
Others
1.23%

Gallery[edit]

Transport[edit]

By air[edit]

The nearest international airport from the city is Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport at Amritsar, roughly a two-hour drive away. The airport is connected to other parts of the country by regular flights. Several airlines operate flights from abroad, including Birmingham in the UK, Dubai and Doha. The next nearest international airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi. Ludhiana Domestic Airport is distance 125 kilometres (78 mi) away. The government[clarification needed] is planning to construct an airport in the city.[citation needed]

By rail[edit]

There are two railway stations located in Firozpur. The Firozpur Cantonment railway station is the major railway station located in the cantonment place of Firozpur and is connected with the cities such as Mumbai and Ahmedabad. It is served by three railway lines – Ludhiana-Fazilka line, Delhi-Firozpur line and Jalandhar-Firozpur line. The Firozpur City railway station is on the Firozpur-Fazilka line.[citation needed] 12047/12048 shatabdi express goes to Delhi from Firozpur.

By road[edit]

Firozpur is connected to Chandigarh via Ludhiana through National Highway 95. National Highway 15 passes through Talwandi and Zira, which are very close to the city. Firozpur is connected to Faridkot via SH15 and to Fazilka-Abohar via SH20. SH19 passes through Makhu, which is very close to the city. The city is well-connected with all the neighbouring cities through buses operated by Punjab Roadways, Pepsu Road Transport Corporation (PRTC) and other privately operated buses.

Media[edit]

Firozpur has an All India Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Firozpur. It broadcasts on 100.1 MHz frequency.

Shopping and Entertainment[edit]

  • Silverbird Cinema and Mall
  • Vishal Mega Mart

Notable personalities[edit]

Firozpur has produced many people of note from time to time. Politicians, shooters, entertainers, writers, military Generals and other prominent personalities have been born in this historic city. Some notable people are mentioned below:

Name Occupation
Mahabali Shera Professional Wrestler
Ronjan Sodhi Shooter
Gagan Ajit Singh Hockey Player
Susham Bedi Author
Preet Bharara U.S. Attorney
Gurbaj Singh Hockey Player
Manjeet Singh Rowing Player
Verma Malik Lyricist
Prabhleen Sandhu Actresses
Annie Gill Actress
Manavjit Singh Sandhu Shooter
Sharry Mann Singer
Umendra Dutt Environmentalist
Sher Singh Ghubaya Politician
Zora Singh Maan Politician
Ramesh Kumar Nibhoria Engineer
Narain Chand Parashar Politician
Bano Qudsia Writer
Ashfaq Ahmed Writer
Mohinder Singh Randhawa civil servant known for playing major roles in the Green Revolution in India
Alexander Cadell Cricketer
Horatio Dumbleton Cricketer
Baba Gurditta son of Guru Hargobind and the father of Guru Har Rai
Janmeja Singh Sekhon Politician
Ganda Singh Revolutioner

Education and Research[edit]

  • Ferozepur College of Engineering and Technology
  • Shaheed Bhagat Singh College of Engineering and Technology
  • Francis Newton Hospital of Nursing
  • Genesis Institute of Dental Studies
  • Dev Samaj College for Women

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/assembly-elections/assembly-elections-2017-only-6-women-legislators-make-entry-into-punjab-assembly/story-rpUsDjKcYUDyYqxjMsN21N.html
  2. ^ a b http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/13-firozpur.html
  3. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 98. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4. 
  4. ^ Dhiman, Manoj (July 3, 1999). "tribuneindia... Regional Vignettes". Tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2016-12-26. 
  5. ^ "Firozpur". Info Punjab. Retrieved 2006-10-14. 
  6. ^ "Average Weather for Firozpur - Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved February 25, 2008. 
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  8. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 

External links[edit]