Ferrari 156 F1
|Engine||Ferrari Type 178, 1,477 cc (90.1 cu in), 120° V6 2 valves per cylinder DOHC, naturally aspirated Mid-engined, longitudinally mounted|
|Transmission||Ferrari Type 543/C 5-speed manual|
|Notable entrants||Scuderia Ferrari|
Scuderia Sant Ambroeus
|Notable drivers|| Phil Hill|
Wolfgang von Trips
|Debut||1961 Monaco Grand Prix|
|Constructors' Championships||2 (1961, 1964)|
|Drivers' Championships||1 (1961 – Phil Hill)|
|n.b. Unless otherwise stated, all data refer to|
Formula One World Championship Grands Prix only.
The Ferrari 156 was a racing car made by Ferrari in 1961 to comply with then-new Formula One regulations that reduced engine displacement from 2.5- to 1.5-litres, similar to the pre-1961 Formula Two class for which Ferrari had developed a mid-engined car also called 156 F2.
The 1961 version was affectionately dubbed "sharknose" due to its characteristic air intake "nostrils". Then-Ferrari factory policy inevitably saw all the remaining sharknose 156s scrapped by the end of the 1963 season. Nevertheless, such a 156 is exhibited in the "Galleria Ferrari" at Maranello, probably a replica. A similar intake duct styling was applied to the six SP series Ferraris in 1961 and 1962 that were also designed by Carlo Chiti, and then again over forty years later to the Ferrari 360.
Ferrari started the season with a 65-degree Dino engine, then replaced by a new engine with the V-angle increased to 120-degrees and designed by Carlo Chiti. A V-6 engine with 120-degree bank is smoother at producing power because every 120-degree rotation of engine crankshaft produces a power pulse. This change increased the power by 10 hp (7 kW). Bore and stroke were 73.0 mm × 58.8 mm (2.87 in × 2.31 in) with a displacement of 1,476.60 cc (90.108 cu in) and a claimed 190 hp (142 kW) at 9500 rpm. For 1962, a 24-valve version was planned with 200 hp (149 kW) at 10,000 rpm, but never appeared. At the 1962 British Grand Prix, Phil Hill raced a new version with a six-speed transmission mounted in front of the engine. In August, at the German Grand Prix, Lorenzo Bandini tested a non-sharknose variant with modified front and rear suspension and a smaller radiator, heralding the 156 Aero used in 1963.
1963 Ferrari 156 Aero
The updated Ferrari 156, used in the 1963 and 1964 seasons, did not feature the distinctive sharknose design. but had a rather conventional intake, somewhat larger than the Ferrari 158 introduced in 1964.
In 1963 the 12-valve version fitted with Bosch direct-fuel injection instead of carburetors achieved that power level. The last victory for the Ferrari 156 was achieved by Italian Lorenzo Bandini in the 1964 Austrian Grand Prix.
On September 10, 1961, after a collision with Jim Clark's Lotus on the second lap of the Italian Grand Prix, the 156 of Wolfgang von Trips (Hill's teammate) became airborne and crashed into a side barrier, fatally throwing him from the car and killing fifteen spectators.
- Phil Hill
- Wolfgang von Trips
- Richie Ginther
- Willy Mairesse
- Olivier Gendebien
- Giancarlo Baghetti
- Ricardo Rodríguez
- Lorenzo Bandini
- John Surtees
- Ludovico Scarfiotti
- Pedro Rodríguez
In popular culture
- English Blues singer-songwriter Chris Rea had a meticulous replica of the sharknose built for him to use in his 1996 film, La Passione.
Complete Formula One World Championship results
(key) (results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)
- In the 1964 season the 156 was used in 6 Grands Prix, driven by Lorenzo Bandini (4 races), Ludovico Scarfiotti and Pedro Rodríguez (each 1) and scored 9 points for the Constructors' Championship.
- FIA Yearbook 1973, Grey section, pages 118–119
- FIA Yearbook 1973, Grey section, pages 120–121
- Peter Higham, The Guinness Guide to International Motor Racing, 1995, pages 38–40
- Ferrari World: the official website dedicated to the Galleria Ferrari
- "Ferrari SP Series". Official Ferrari Website. Ferrari.
- Blunsden, John (September 1962). "Skyfall över Tysklands GP" [Deluge on German GP]. Illustrerad Motor Sport (in Swedish). No. 9. Lerum, Sweden. p. 25.
- 1963 Ferrari 156 Aero on www.f1technical.net