|Designer(s)||John Barnard |
|Chassis||carbon-fibre and honeycomb composite structure|
|Suspension (front)||pushrod with torsion bars|
|Suspension (rear)||pushrod with torsion bars|
|Engine||1996: Ferrari Tipo046 75-degree V10. |
1997: Ferrari Tipo046/2 75-degree V10.
|Transmission||Ferrari six- or seven-speed transverse semi-automatic sequential|
|Notable entrants||Scuderia Ferrari|
|Notable drivers||1./5. Michael Schumacher|
2./6. Eddie Irvine
|Debut||1996 Australian Grand Prix|
The Ferrari F310, and its evolution, the F310B, were the Formula One racing cars with which the Ferrari team competed in the 1996 and 1997 seasons. It was driven in both years by Michael Schumacher and Eddie Irvine.
This was the first Ferrari Formula One car to run on Shell fuel since the 1970s.
The F310 and F310B won a total of eight Grands Prix, 22 podiums, 7 pole positions and 172 points.
The F310 proved to be a front-running car, but without the outright pace or superb reliability which led to the Williams FW18s dominating 1996. Schumacher was able to win three Grands Prix, but the F310's shortcomings were shown by Irvine's run of eight consecutive retirements, most of them mechanical, as well as three straight double retirements. Schumacher was realistic about his aims for the season, saying that he hoped to win a few races before challenging for the title in 1997. Development also proved troublesome, with the cars having to use the 1995 car's parts early in the season whilst structural problems were cured.
This car was notable as being the first Ferrari F1 car to use the then more conventional V10 engine format, because a V10 engine offered the best compromise between power and fuel efficiency; the V12 was powerful but thirsty, and vice versa for a V8. The name F310 refers to the engine type, a 3 litre, 10 cylinder (V10) - a nomenclature consistent with that used for Ferrari's F1 cars from 1966 to 1980 (the 312, 312B and 312T), and similar to that used for the 2006 Ferrari 248. The engine was also called the 310.
Initially, the F310 was the only car in the 1996 field to have a low nose section, with the other teams having all switched to the more aerodynamically efficient high nose which was first seen on the 1990 Tyrrell 019. From the start, however, chief designer John Barnard had announced his intentions to design a high nose for the car, saying that the F310 would be an ongoing project with the ultimate goal to win the world championship. The high nose was eventually adopted permanently from the Canadian Grand Prix onwards. In an interview in 2012, Irvine said he did not have fond memories of the F310, calling it "an awful car", a "piece of junk", and "almost undriveable", as did John Barnard, who admitted that the car "wasn't very good". Schumacher himself, reflecting many years later on the F310, referred to it as "a parachute."
With the hiring of Rory Byrne and Ross Brawn to replace Barnard (who left mid-season in 1997 after Jean Todt decided the entire team including the design offices had to go back to Italy; and with Barnard not wanting to relocate to Italy because of personal reasons, Ferrari sold him the British-based Ferrari design offices, Ferrari Design and Development); part of the dream-team that would give Ferrari six straight Constructors' Championships from 1999 to 2004, they used the F310 as a base for the F310B, improving its shape and mechanicals, making a 5 time winning car in the process.
The F310B was much more reliable than its predecessor but suffered stability issues at the front of the car. A new front wing assembly introduced shortly after Brawn and Byrne joined the team improved the package.
Regardless, double-champion Michael Schumacher held truth on his 1995 promise that "in 1996 we will win three grands prix, then in 1997 we will challenge for the championship" by taking the challenge to the last round. He was, however, unable to hold off a storming drive by title challenger Jacques Villeneuve; a botched attempt by Schumacher at defending his position ended up with him in the gravel, retired and eventually disqualified from the 1997 season results. The team nonetheless retained their constructors' points.
The car appears in the video game F1 2013 as one of the classic cars.
Complete Formula One results
(key) (results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)
|1996||F310||Ferrari Tipo 046
|1997||F310B||Ferrari Tipo 046/2
- "Pressure on Ferrari (again)". www.grandprix.com. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- "Ferrari F310". www.f1technical.net. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- Smit, Dylan (4 January 2019). "Schumi's Struggle - 1996 Ferrari F310". DriveTribe. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- Hoare, Callum (3 January 2019). "Michael Schumacher: F1 legend's LAST interview before accident REVEALED on 50th birthday". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- "Ferrari special: How Schumacher and Todt transformed the Scuderia". www.motorsport.com. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- "1997 Ferrari F310B". audrainautomuseum.org. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- "BBC News | Europe | Schumacher loses championship runner-up crown". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
- Henry, Alan (ed) (1996). AUTOCOURSE 1996-97. Hazleton Publishing. pp. 46–48. ISBN 1-874557-91-8.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Henry, Alan (ed) (1997). AUTOCOURSE 1997-98. Hazleton Publishing. pp. 58–61. ISBN 1-874557-47-0.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
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