Iron(III) acetylacetonate, Iron(III) tris(2,4-pentanedionato), Fe(acac)3
|Molar mass||353.17 g/mol|
|Melting point||180 to 181 °C (356 to 358 °F; 453 to 454 K)|
|R-phrases (outdated)||R22, R36|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Tris(acetylacetonato) iron(III), often abbreviated Fe(acac)3, is a ferric coordination complex featuring acetylacetonate (acac) ligands, making it one of a family of metal acetylacetonates. It is a red air-stable solid that dissolves in nonpolar organic solvents.
- Fe(OH)3 + 3 HC5H7O2 → Fe(C5H7O2)3 + 3 H2O
Structure and properties
Fe(acac)3 is an octahedral complex with six equivalent Fe-O bonds with bond distances of about 2.00 Å. The regular geometry is consistent with a high-spin Fe3+ core. As the metal orbitals are all evenly occupied the complex is not subject to Jahn-Teller distortions and thus adopts a D3 molecular symmetry. In contrast, the related metal acetylacetonate Mn(acac)3 adopts a more distorted octahedral structure. The 5 unpaired d-electrons also result in the complex being paramagnetic, with a magnetic moment of 5.90 μB.
Fe(acac)3 possesses helical chirality. The Δ- and Λ-enantiomers slowly inter-convert via Bailar and Ray-Dutt twists. The rate of interconversion is sufficiently slow to allow its enantiomers to be partially resolved.
Fe(acac)3 has been examined as a precatalyst and reagent in organic chemistry, although the active iron-containing species is usually unidentified in these processes. In one instance, Fe(acac)3 was shown to promote cross-coupling a diene to an olefin. Fe(acac)3 catalyzes the dimerization of isoprene to a mixture of 1,5-dimethyl-1,5-cyclooctadiene and 2,5-dimethyl-1,5-cyclooctadiene.
Fe(acac)3 also catalyzes the ring-opening polymerization of 1,3-benzoxazine. Beyond the area of polymerization, Fe(acac)3 has been found to catalyze the reaction of N-sulfonyl oxaziridines with olefins to form 1,3-oxazolidine products.
- US patent 2004127690, Chaudhari, Mihir Kanti et al., "Process for making metal acetylacetonates", issued 2004-07-01
- Lawson, K.E. (1961). "The infrared absorption spectra of metal acetylacetonates". Spectrochimica Acta. 17: 248–258. doi:10.1016/0371-1951(61)80071-4.
- Anders Lennartson "Optical resolution and racemisation of [Fe(acac)3]" Inorganica Chimica Acta 2011, vol. 365, pp. 451–453. doi:10.1016/j.ica.2010.07.066
- Takacs, J. A., L.; Madhavan, G.V.; Creswell, M.; Seely, F.; Devroy, W. (1986). "Iron-Catalyzed Aminohydroxylation of Olefins". Organometallics. 5 (11): 2395–2398. doi:10.1021/om00142a044.
- Misono, A. (1966). "Oligomerization of isoprene by cobalt or iron complex catalysts". Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan. 39 (11): 2425. doi:10.1246/bcsj.39.2425.
- Sudo, A.; Hirayama, Shoji; Endo, Takeshi (2010). "Highly efficient catalysts-acetylacetonato complexes of transition metals in the 4th period for ring-opening polymerization of 1,3-benzoxazine". Journal of polymer science. Part A, Polymer chemistry. 48 (2): 479. doi:10.1002/pola.23810.
- Williamson, K. T.; Yoon, T. (2010). "Iron-Catalyzed Aminohydroxylation of Olefins". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132 (13): 4570–4571. doi:10.1021/ja1013536. PMC 2857537. PMID 20232850.