Fessenden, North Dakota

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Fessenden, North Dakota
City
Night view of Fessenden
Night view of Fessenden
Motto: "Proud Of Our Past Excited About Our Future..."
Location of Fessenden, North Dakota
Location of Fessenden, North Dakota
Coordinates: 47°38′59″N 99°37′34″W / 47.64972°N 99.62611°W / 47.64972; -99.62611Coordinates: 47°38′59″N 99°37′34″W / 47.64972°N 99.62611°W / 47.64972; -99.62611
Country United States
State North Dakota
County Wells
Area[1]
 • Total 0.45 sq mi (1.17 km2)
 • Land 0.45 sq mi (1.17 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,611 ft (491 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 479
 • Estimate (2015)[3] 472
 • Density 1,064.4/sq mi (411.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 58438
Area code(s) 701
FIPS code 38-26180
GNIS feature ID 1028952[4]
Website http://fessendennd.com/

Fessenden is a city in Wells County, North Dakota, United States. It is the county seat of Wells County.[5] The population was 479 at the 2010 census.[6] Fessenden was founded in 1893.

History[edit]

Fessenden was founded in 1893 with the arrival of the Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Railroad into the area. In 1894, the county seat was transferred to Fessenden from Sykeston, North Dakota.[7] It was named for ex-Surveyor General Fessenden, who had surveyed the county.[8]

Fessenden Auditorium building on Main Ave. between Railway Street South and 1 Street South has collapsed on July 3, 2007.[9][10] On April 16, 2009 there was a fire that destroyed a bar, bowling alley, and a cafe, as well as doing some damage to the medical center in Fessenden.[11] Fessenden celebrated its centenennial in July 1993.

Geography[edit]

Fessenden is located at 47°38′59″N 99°37′34″W / 47.64972°N 99.62611°W / 47.64972; -99.62611 (47.649667, -99.626142).[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.45 square miles (1.17 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 713
1920 731 2.5%
1930 738 1.0%
1940 902 22.2%
1950 917 1.7%
1960 920 0.3%
1970 815 −11.4%
1980 761 −6.6%
1990 655 −13.9%
2000 625 −4.6%
2010 479 −23.4%
Est. 2015 472 [13] −1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
2015 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 479 people, 236 households, and 138 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,064.4 inhabitants per square mile (411.0/km2). There were 289 housing units at an average density of 642.2 per square mile (248.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.7% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, and 0.8% from two or more races.

There were 236 households of which 17.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.5% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.03 and the average family size was 2.62.

The median age in the city was 52.7 years. 17.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 15.7% were from 25 to 44; 32.3% were from 45 to 64; and 30.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.1% male and 49.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 625 people, 279 households, and 171 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,378.4 people per square mile (536.3/km²). There were 306 housing units at an average density of 674.9 per square mile (262.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.20% White, 0.32% Native American, and 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.16% of the population.

There were 279 households out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.7% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 25.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,750, and the median income for a family was $38,304. Males had a median income of $26,111 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,303. About 8.2% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 17.4% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Fessenden has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[15]

Notable people[edit]

Otto Krueger, served as North Dakota State Treasurer, North Dakota Insurance Commissioner and U.S. Representative during the 1940s and 1950s.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-06-14. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-14. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2016. [permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  7. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 836. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  8. ^ Lounsberry, Clement Augustus (1919). Early History of North Dakota: Essential Outlines of American History. Liberty Press. p. 538. 
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ [3]
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. [permanent dead link]
  14. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 30, 2013. 
  15. ^ Climate Summary for Fessenden, North Dakota
  16. ^ Otto Krueger at Biographical Directory of the United States Congress