Festa de São João do Porto
|Festa de São João do Porto|
|Also called||Festa de São João do Porto|
|Celebrations||competitions, bonfires, fireworks, feasting, drinking, raves, procession, decorations, national dress, sports|
|Next time||23 June 2020|
Festa de São João do Porto (Festival of St John of Porto in English) is a festival that happens every year during Midsummer, on the night of 23 June (St John's Eve), in the city of Porto, in the north of Portugal, thousands of people come to the city centre and more traditional neighborhoods to pay a tribute to Saint John the Baptist, in a party that mixes sacred and profane traditions.
The festivities have been held in the city for more than six centuries, yet it was during the 19th century that Saint John's day became impregnated in the city's culture and assumed the status of the city's most important festival. An interesting tradition among the people of Porto during the 'Festa de São João', with roots in pagan courtship rituals, is to hit each other either with garlic flowers or soft plastic hammers.
In fact, the party starts early in the afternoon of 23 June and usually lasts until the morning of 24 June. The traditional attractions of the night include street concerts, popular dancing parties, jumping over flames, eating barbecued sardines, Caldo verde and meat, drinking wine and releasing illuminated flame-propelled balloons over Porto's summer sky.
At midnight, party-goers make a short break to look at the sky at Saint John's firework spectacle. The show is increasingly sophisticated, with the fireworks being associated with themes and multimedia shows. The party has Christian roots but is also mixed with pagan traditions, with the fireworks embodying the spirit of tribute to the Sun.
The firework are the climax of the event and mark the end of the official festivities. It is quite common for citizens of Porto to keep celebrating until 3 or 4 in the morning, or staying up until the first hours in the morning. They walk from Porto's riverside core - Ribeira (for instance the parish of São Nicolau- up to the seaside in Foz (parishes of Foz do Douro and Nevogilde) or in the nearby suburb of Matosinhos where they wait for the sunrise near the sea, and sometimes, take a bath in the ocean.
- Official Site of the Saint John's Parties in Porto
- Webpage of a conference at University of Porto with short description of the city and the Saint John party
- Travel Channel YouTube Video 'Festival of São João'
- The Guardian, 12 June 2004, "There's only one São João"
- Report about Saint John's party on site WhatsOnWhen.com Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Official Website of Porto's Saint John party Archived 6 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine