Festa de São João do Porto

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Festa de São João do Porto
Festa de Sao Joao (Porto).jpg
The Praça da Ribeira, in Porto, during São João
Also calledFesta de São João do Porto
Observed byPorto
TypeEthnographic, midsummer
Celebrationscompetitions, bonfires, fireworks, feasting, drinking, raves, procession, decorations, national dress, sports
DateJune 23
Next time23 June 2021 (2021-06-23)
Frequencyannual

Festa de São João do Porto (Festival of St John of Porto in English) is a festival during Midsummer, on the night of 23 June (St John's Eve), in the city of Porto, in the north of Portugal, as thousands of people come to the city centre and more traditional neighborhoods to pay a tribute to Saint John the Baptist, in a party that mixes sacred and profane traditions.[1]

History[edit]

Festivities have been held in the city for more than six centuries. During the 19th century Saint John's day became the city's most important festival.[2]

Description[edit]

The party starts early in the afternoon of 23 June and usually lasts until the morning of 24 June.

A tradition with roots in pagan courtship rituals is for people to hit each other either with garlic flowers or soft plastic hammers.[3]

Traditional attractions of the night include street concerts, dancing parties, jumping over flames, eating barbecued sardines, Caldo verde and meat, drinking wine and releasing illuminated flame-propelled balloons over Porto's summer sky.[4]

At midnight, partygoers make a short break to look at the sky at Saint John's firework spectacle, which now includes multimedia shows. The party has Christian roots but is also mixed with pagan traditions, with the fireworks embodying the spirit of tribute to the sun.[5]

The fireworks mark the end of the official festivities. It is common for citizens of Porto to keep celebrating until the first hours in the morning. They walk from Porto's riverside core - Ribeira (for instance the parish of São Nicolau- up to the seaside in Foz (parishes of Foz do Douro and Nevogilde) or in the nearby suburb of Matosinhos where they wait for the sunrise near the sea, and sometimes, take a bath in the ocean.

In June 2004, a journalist from The Guardian commented that "Porto's Festa de São João is one of Europe's liveliest street festivals, yet it is relatively unknown outside the country".[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]