Festac Town

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Wood carvings for sale in Festac Town

Festac Town is a federal housing estate located along the Lagos-Badagry Expressway in Lagos State, Nigeria. Its name is derived from the acronym FESTAC, which stands for Second World African Festival of Arts and Culture that was held there in 1977.[1]


Festac town, originally referred to as "Festival Town" or "Festac Village", is a residential estate designed to house the participants of the Second World Festival of Black Arts and Culture of 1977 (Festac77). Consisting of 5,000 contemporary dwelling units and seven major avenues, the town was designed in an efficient grid in order to accommodate upwards of 45,000 visitors as well as any Nigerian employees and officers working at the Festival.[2] The Nigerian government invested substantial sums of money and resources into building Festac Town, which sported state of the art electrical generators, police and fire stations, access to public transportation, supermarkets, banks, health centres, public restrooms, and postal services.[3] The village was therefore intended to evoke the modern age and the promise of state-sponsored economic development fuelled by oil revenues.[3]

After the Festival, the Federal Government of Nigeria allocated the housing and landed properties to eventual winners who participated in a ballot. Initial regulations forbade such winners from renting and disposing-of the properties to third parties. The first festival was held in 1966 at Dakar, Senegal.[citation needed]

For quite some time the majority of Nigerian computer scams have originated in the cyber cafes of Festac town. Many of the youths of Festac town are believed to be engaging in "419" advance fee fraud.[4][5] [6]

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The status of FESTAC Town is somewhat confusing as the Federal, State and Local Government all lay claim to the management of the estate and occasionally issue the residents with various charges ranging from valuation fees, local government levies to tenement rates.[citation needed]


  1. ^ "FESTAC Roads in deplorable condition", The Punch, Saturday, 29 November 2008.
  2. ^ "Life in the Village," Festival News 1, no. 11 (1977), p. 4.
  3. ^ a b Andrew Apter. The Pan-African Nation: Oil and the Spectacle of Culture in Nigeria. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005, p. 49.
  4. ^ "Nigerian Net Grifters Doing Fine." Associated Press at Wired. 6 August 2005.
  5. ^ Dixon, Robyn. "'I Will Eat Your Dollars'." Los Angeles Times. Thursday 20 October 2005.
  6. ^ Mbachu, Dulue. "Internet Scammers Keep Working in Nigeria." Associated Press via Yahoo! News. Saturday 6 August 2005.
  7. ^ http://www.idafrica.ng/tag/nigeria-ict-fest/