Festucalex erythraeus

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Red pipefish
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Syngnathiformes
Family: Syngnathidae
Genus: Festucalex
F. erythraeus
Binomial name
Festucalex erythraeus
Gilbert, 1905
  • Hippichthys amakusensis Tomiyama, 1972
  • Ichthyocampus erythraeus Gilbert, 1905
  • Ichthyocampus philippinus Fowler, 1938
  • Ichthyocampus townsendi Duncker, 1915

The red pipefish (Festucalex erythraeus) is a species of marine pipefish of the family Syngnathidae. It is found throughout the Indo-Pacific, from Mozambique and South Africa to Hawaii, Honshu (Japan), and New Caledonia.[1] It lives among rubble and coral or rocky reefs at depths of 18–40 metres (59–131 ft), where they can grow to lengths of 10 centimetres (3.9 in).[2] They are expected to feed on small crustaceans, such as gammarid shrimps, mysids, and harpacticoid copepods.[1] This species is ovoviviparous, with males brooding eggs and giving birth to live young. Males may brood at lengths of around 5.5 centimetres (2.2 in).[2] It is exported from Hawaii as part of the aquarium trade.[3]

Festucalex amakusensis and Festucalex townsendi which some authorities consider to be synonyms of F. erythraeus are considered by other authorities to be valid species.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d Manning, C. & Pollom, R. (2017). "Festucalex erythraeus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T65367204A67624718. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T65367204A67624718.en.
  2. ^ a b Dawson, C.E. (1985). Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.
  3. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2018). "Festucalex erythraeus" in FishBase. February 2018 version.

Further reading[edit]