Festucalex scalaris

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Ladder pipefish
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Syngnathiformes
Family: Syngnathidae
Genus: Festucalex
F. scalaris
Binomial name
Festucalex scalaris
Günther, 1870
  • Ichthyocampus scalaris Günther, 1870

The ladder pipefish (Festucalex scalaris) is a species of marine fish of the family Syngnathidae.[2] It is endemic to Western Australia, occurring from Shark Bay to the Monte Bello Islands.[1] It is a habitat generalist, with species samples being taken from trawls, from among weeds and algae and one sample from a pond.[3] It is reported to occur on rocky-reefs in inlets, bays and lagoons, as well as shallow seagrass beds.[1] It is expected to feed on small crustaceans, and can grow to lengths of 18 centimetres (7.1 in).[3] This species is ovoviviparous, with males brooding eggs and giving birth to live young.[1]


F. scalaris has a light tan upper snout, while the rest of the head is mainly tan to light brown. The lower half of the snout and head have irregular small brown dots. The back and sides of the body have 13-14 brownish bars, which are separated by narrow pale interspaces that can be plain, blotched, or have fine brown reticulations. The caudal fin is brownish with pale spots or blotches.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d e Manning, C. & Pollom, R. (2017). "Festucalex scalaris". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T65367328A67624713. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T65367328A67624713.en.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2018). "Festucalex scalaris" in FishBase. February 2018 version.
  3. ^ a b Dawson, C.E., 1985. Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.
  4. ^ Thompson, Vanessa J. & Dianne J. Bray, Festucalex scalaris in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 Jan 2018, http://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/3182

Further reading[edit]