The settlement of Fetești was first mentioned in the year 1528, in a document released by the ruler of Wallachia, Radu of Afumaţi. In 1868 Fetești became a commune, in 1934 a city, and 61 years later, in 1995, it achieved the status of municipality. In the course of time, Fetești has evolved to an important crossroads and industrial center.
The city is composed of four neighbourhoods: Fetești-Oraș, Fetești-Gară, Buliga and Vlașca; formally, the last three are separate villages. Fetești-Gară has a population of over 20,000 inhabitants, and it is considered to be the center of Fetești.