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Feu d'artifice, Op. 4 (Fireworks, Russian: Фейерверк, Feyerverk) is an early composition by Igor Stravinsky, written in 1908. The work is an orchestral fantasy, and usually takes about five minutes to perform.
Stravinsky composed Feu d'artifice as a wedding present for Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's daughter Nadezhda and Maximilian Steinberg, who had married a few days before her father's death. Feu d'artifice helped develop Stravinsky's reputation as a composer, although it is not considered representative of his mature work. The work has some hints of bi-tonality but is for the most part similar in style to that of Rimsky-Korsakov who, at the time, was his teacher and mentor. It has the form of a scherzo but is still labeled "orchestral fantasy" because of its short length. Alexander Siloti conducted the premiere on 6 February 1909. Stravinsky got the commission from Serge Diaghilev to write The Firebird (1910) in part because Diaghilev heard this piece of music, and was impressed with its orchestration.
The work is scored for piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes (2nd doubling cor anglais), 3 clarinets (3rd doubling bass clarinet), 2 bassoons, 6 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, cymbals, bass drum, triangle, glockenspiel, 2 harps, celesta, and strings.
Selected recorded versions
Notable recordings of the complete fantasy include:
|Orchestra||Conductor||Record Company||Year of Recording||Format||Notes|
|Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra of New York||Igor Stravinsky||Columbia Masterworks MM 653||28 January 1946||78rpm, 4-disc set, 12-inch||With The Firebird Suite|
|London Symphony Orchestra||Antal Doráti||Mercury Records||1959||CD|
|Montreal Symphony Orchestra||Charles Dutoit||Decca Records||1984||CD|
|Concertgebouw Orchestra||Hans Werner Henze||n/a||1985||TV|||
|Chicago Symphony Orchestra||Seiji Ozawa||RCA||1993||CD|
|Chicago Symphony Orchestra||Pierre Boulez||Deutsche Grammophon||1994||CD|
|Vienna Philharmonic||Lorin Maazel||RCA||2000||CD|
- Broadcast in 1985 by the Radio Nederland Transcription Service
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