Feudal barony of Trematon

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Trematon Castle, caput of the feudal barony of Trematon

The Feudal barony of Trematon (or Honour of Trematon) was one of the three feudal baronies in Cornwall which existed during the mediaeval era. Its caput was at Trematon Castle, Cornwall. In 1166 it comprised 59 knight's fees, thus about 59 separate manors.

Descent[edit]

de Vautort[edit]

Arms of de Vautort family, feudal barons of Trematon, Cornwall, and later feudal barons of Harberton, Devon: Argent, three bends gules a bordure sable bezantée.[1] A bordure bezantée is a feature in the arms of many families which held under the overlordship of the Earls of Cornwall

The barony of Trematon was unusual in that unlike most other English feudal baronies it was not held from the king in-chief but from the descendants of Robert, Count of Mortain, half-brother of King William the Conqueror. It was held for several generations by the de Vautort family, Latinized as de Valletorta, which was once thought to come from Vautorte in Maine,[2] but has since been shown to originate in Torteval in Normandy.[3][4] The descent of the barony was as follows:[5]

  • Reginald I de Vautort (died about 1123), the first holder of the barony, was by 1086 a major tenant of Robert, Count of Mortain, with 57 manors centred on the castle and market of Trematon.[3]
  • Roger I de Vautort (died about 1163), his son and heir, married Emma.[3]
  • Ralph I de Vautort (died before 1173), his son and heir,[3] who in 1166 according to the Cartae Baronum held 59 knight's fees from the Count of Mortain.
  • Roger II de Vautort (died 1206), his son and heir.[3]
  • Reginald II de Vautort (died 1245, his son and heir, married Joan, daughter of Thomas Basset of Headington.[3] [6]
  • Ralph II de Vautort (died 1257), his brother, married Joan,[3] mistress of Richard, Earl of Cornwall.
  • Reginald III de Vautort (died 1269), his son and heir, died young without children.[3]
  • Roger III de Vautort (died 1274), his uncle, after disposing of most of the family's holdings and leaving vast debts, died childless.[3]

What was left of the estates eventually found its way to the descendants of two daughters of Ralph I de Vautort. [3] A younger son of Reginald I de Vautort was Joel de Vautort,[3] whose descendants held lands in Somerset centred on the manor of Currypool in Spaxton until about 1332.[7]

Earls of Cornwall[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Sanders, I.J. English Baronies: A Study of their Origin and Descent 1086-1327, Oxford, 1960, pp. 90–1, Barony of Trematon

References[edit]

  1. ^ per Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.505
  2. ^ Sanders, p.90, note 8
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Bearman, Robert (2004), "Vautort, de, family (per. 1086–1274)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, retrieved 27 July 2017
  4. ^ Bates, D.; Gazeau, V. (1990), "L'abbaye de Grestain et la famille d'Herluind de Conteville", Annales de Normandie, 40, pp. 9–10
  5. ^ Sanders, p.90-1
  6. ^ An anonymous user claims a daughter Joan (1213 - 1299, who married Alexander Oakston (1211-1276). However, Reginald had no surviving children, which is why his estates went to his brother.
  7. ^ A P Baggs and M C Siraut (1992), "Charlinch: Manors and other estates", in R W Dunning and C R Elrington (eds.), A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 6, Andersfield, Cannington, and North Petherton Hundreds (Bridgwater and Neighbouring Parishes), London, pp. 92–94, retrieved 27 July 2017CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  8. ^ Sanders, p.90-1
  9. ^ Sanders, p.90-1
  10. ^ Sanders, p.90-1
  11. ^ Sanders, p.90-1
  12. ^ Sanders, p.90-1
  13. ^ Sanders, p.90-1