Feurs

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Feurs
The church with a statue of Michel Combes in the foreground
The church with a statue of Michel Combes in the foreground
Coat of arms of Feurs
Coat of arms
Feurs is located in France
Feurs
Feurs
Coordinates: 45°44′30″N 4°13′36″E / 45.7417°N 4.2267°E / 45.7417; 4.2267Coordinates: 45°44′30″N 4°13′36″E / 45.7417°N 4.2267°E / 45.7417; 4.2267
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Loire
Arrondissement Montbrison
Canton Feurs
Intercommunality Feurs en Forez
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Jean-Pierre Taite
Area1 24.39 km2 (9.42 sq mi)
Population (1999)2 7,669
 • Density 310/km2 (810/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 42094 / 42110
Elevation 327–366 m (1,073–1,201 ft)
(avg. 345 m or 1,132 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Feurs is a commune in the Loire department and in the Rhône-Alpes region in central France.

The inhabitants of Feurs are called Foréziens.

History[edit]

Antiquity[edit]

The city was founded by the Romans. The name Feurs is a contraction of Segusiavorum Forum. With a forum[1] the Gallo-Roman era, city was the capital of Ségusiaves as is indicated by Ptolemy and appears on the Tabula Peutingeriana. By extension, the city gave its name to Forez.

Vestiges of the ancient Roman city are located by the current post office. Archaeologists have unearthed a theater, sewers, milestones, inscriptions, statuettes and pottery that reflect the importance, at that time, of the Roman the town, located near important Roman roads.

Middle Ages[edit]

A church dedicated to St. Baudile is reported in 960. A second dedicated to the Virgin Mary appears in the texts in 1001. A Castle in Feurs is reported in 1246. In the Middle Ages, the city had no bridge over the Loire but there was a harbor(953) and another close to Randans (1060).

Early modern age[edit]

Feurs with the Forez County is forfeited to the Constable of Bourbon along with his other possessions in 1523. It finally enters the royal domain in 1531. In 1542, the city is attached to the generality of Lyon, created by Henry II .

French Revolution[edit]

The French Revolution was very active in the town and the horrors of the guillotine marked its inhabitants.During the Revolution, the Revolutionary Court headed by Claude Javogues made many victims. The 80 victims of the Revolutionary Court were almost all executed at the site of the Chapel of the Martyrs. The chapel of the martyrs was erected later by Mayor Pierre-Marie Assier in 1826. It was for a short time capital of the Loire department in 1793-1795.

Feurs Railway Station

The town was on one of the first railways: line 3 of France Andrezieux - Roanne opened 1 August 1832 between Saint-Bonnet-les-Oules and Balbigny. This is in Feurs that from this section that are installed the workshops of the company that will build more locomotives under the orders of Régnié engineer.

The sites of archaeological interest are many but all are discovered during the various works in the municipality.

The city gave its name to the Forez province in which it is located.

Feurs was the capital of the Loire department from 1793 to 1795, during the French Revolution.

Geography[edit]

The river Lignon du Forez flows into the Loire in the commune.

Feurs is located in the Forez plain, between the Monts du Lyonnais to the East and the Monts du Forez to the West.

Economy[edit]

Over 300 small and medium enterprises are settled in Feurs and account for about 3'200 jobs, distributed as follows : tertiary sector (1675), metal industry (1280), construction (267).[2]

Leisure[edit]

The city offers an olympic size swimming pool, horse racetracks as well as playing fields for soccer, rugby and basketball.

Inhabitant from Feurs can also easily access hiking trails towards the "Monts du Forez" or "Monts du Lyonnais".

Mayors[edit]

Feurs Hôtel de ville
  • 1855 - 1865 Auguste Broutin Parti de l'Ordre
  • 1878 - 1881 C Pariat
  • 1881 - 1891 Jean-Marie Nigay
  • 1891 - 1896 Félix Nigay
  • 1896 - 1900 Charles Dorian
  • 1900 - 1904 Joseph Ory
  • 1904 - 1908 Joannès Mollon
  • 1908 - 1912 Joseph Ory
  • 1912 - 1940 Antoine Drivet
  • 1940 - 1944 Charles Maxime Geny
  • 1953 - 1974 Félix Nigay
  • 1974 - 1977 Maurice Desplaces
  • 1977 - 2001 André Delorme
  • 2001 - 2008 Benoît Gardet
  • 2008 en cours Jean-Pierre Taite[3]

Population[edit]

In 2013, the municipality had 7,937 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known throughout the population censuses carried out in the town since 1793. From the twenty-first century, actual census towns under 10 000 inhabitants are held every five years, unlike other cities that have a sample survey every Year.

Population of the Municipality
  • 1793|pop=400
  • 1800|pop=417
  • 1806|pop=443
  • 1821|pop=405
  • 1831|pop=391
  • 1836|pop=407
  • 1841|pop=418
  • 1846|pop=453
  • 1851|pop=456
  • 1954|pop=328
  • 1962|pop=286
  • 1968|pop=285
  • 1982|pop=211
  • 1990|pop=189
  • 1999|pop=198
  • 2004|pop=178
  • 2006|pop=167
  • 2009|pop=173
  • 2011|pop=181
  • 2011|pop=181

Landmarks[edit]

  • Museum of Archaeology Assier, 3 rue Victor de Laprade.
  • The Chapel of the Martyrs, built in memory of the victims guillotined during the Revolution of 1789. People were guillotined and shot there.
  • The "Font that rains" fountain whose origin is lost in the mists of time. A source of carbonated water is mentioned by Auguste Broutin in his "History of the town of Feurs and its surrounding" book in the neighborhood of the way of four.
  • The Roman Forum instead of the position (remains).
  • The Jacquemart church Our Lady of Feurs.

Twin towns[edit]

Feurs and the town of Olching in Bavaria, Germany, have been twin towns since August 1963, when a delegation of 24 Foréziens, led by the mayor Félix Nigay, visited their German counterparts for the first time.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paul Valette, Vincent Guichard, Le forum gallo-romain de Feurs (Loire), allia Année 1991 Volume 48 Numéro 1 pp. 109-164.
  2. ^ Les chiffres clés de l'économie à Feurs[1]
  3. ^ Feurs [archive] sur le site de l'association des maires de France (consulté le 13 mars 2015)..

External links[edit]