Southern Kurdish

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Southern Kurdish
Pehlewani
پەهلەوانی، کوردی خوارگ
Native to Eastern Iraq, Western Iran
Native speakers
3 million in Iran (2000)[1]
Dialects
Bayray
Feyli
Garrusi (Bijari)
Kalhori
Kermanshahi
Kolyai
Kordali
Laki
Malekshahi
Sanjabi
Hawar alphabet, Perso-Arabic (Sorani alphabet)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 sdh
Glottolog sout2640[2]
Linguasphere 58-AAA-c
SOUTHERN KURDISH.JPG

Southern Kurdish (کوردی خواریگ; kurdîy xwarîg), also called Pehlewani[3] (پەهلەوانی; Pehlewanî) or Pahlawanik, is a Kurdish dialect predominantly spoken in western Iran and eastern Iraq. In Iran, it is spoken in the provinces of Kermanshah (Kirmaşan) and Ilam. In Iraq it is spoken in the region of Khanaqin (Xaneqîn), all the way to Mandali, Pehle. It has more than one million speakers in the city of Baghdad. It is also the dialect of the populous Kurdish Kakayî-Kakavand tribe near Kerkuk and most Yarsani kurds in Kermanshah province. There are also populous diasporas of Pehlewani-speakers found in the Alburz mountains.

Native speakers use various different alphabets to write pehlewani, the most common ones are extensions of the standard Kurdish alphabets.

The extension consists of an extra vowel, "ۊ" for the Arabic-based Sorani script and "ü" for the Latin-based Kurmanji script.

IPA Latin letter Arabic letter
ü ۊ

Subdialects[edit]

The subdialects of Southern Kurdish are:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Southern Kurdish at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Southern Kurdish". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ http://www.kurdishacademy.org/?q=node/44
  4. ^ Vahid-e-Ranjbar, Dastur-e Zaban-e Kurdi-ye Kermanshahi. Kermanshah: Taq-Bostan. 1388

External links[edit]

Additional sources[edit]

  • Kamandar Fattah, Les Dialectes kurdes méridionaux: étude linguistique et dialectologique. Louvain, Peeters, 2000, p. 55-62