Tricolour Flame

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Tricolour Flame
Fiamma Tricolore
Secretary Attilio Carelli
President Francesco Condorelli
Honorary President Alessandro Bordoni
Founded 27 January 1995
Preceded by Italian Social Movement
Headquarters via Roccaporena, 51 - Roma
Membership  (2005) 5,000
Ideology Italian nationalism
Fascism
Third Position
Political position Far-right
European affiliation Alliance of European National Movements
Website
www.fiammatricolore.com

The Social Movement – Tricolour Flame (Italian: Movimento Sociale – Fiamma Tricolore, MS-FT), commonly known as Tricolour Flame (Fiamma Tricolore), is a neo-fascist[1] political party in Italy.

History[edit]

The party was started by the more radical members of the Fascist Italian Social Movement, led by Pino Rauti, who refused to join the mainstream conservative party National Alliance. Rauti was later ousted by Luca Romagnoli, who took the leadership.

In the 2004 European Parliamentary Election the party gained enough votes in the Southern constituency to elect Luca Romagnoli to the European Parliament. The party was then a member of the House of Freedoms coalition for the 2006 general election.

In the coming of the 2008 general election, Tricolour Flame formed a joint list called The Right–Tricolour Flame with The Right of Francesco Storace, a splinter group of National Alliance, in support of the candidacy of Daniela Santanchè for Prime Minister.

On 8 November 2013, Luca Romagnoli, secretary of Tricolour Flame, together with the secretary of The Right Francesco Storace, the regent of Future and Freedom Roberto Menia, the leader of I the South Adriana Poli Bortone, Domenico Nania of the association Nuova Alleanza, Oreste Tofani of the association Nazione Sovrana, Antonio Buonfiglio of the association Il Popolo della Vita and Roberto Buonasorte, editor of the online newspaper Il Giornale d'Italia, founded the Movement for National Alliance, a federation of right movements inspired to National Alliance. On 9 December 2013 the Central Committee of Tricolour Flame distrusted Luca Romagnoli, because he joined this initiative without having preventively sought the opinion of the same Committee, and Attilio Carelli became regent Secretary of the party. After the expulsion Romagnoli founded instead his new political movement, Social Right.[2]

On 13 and 14 December 2014, the VII National Congress officially appointed Carelli as Secretary of the party.

Ideology[edit]

Tricolour Flame is the party of the Italian far-right most closely tied to the legacy of Italian Social Republic (RSI). The RSI is usually seen by the party as the example of what Fascism should have been, in particular as an example of true welfare state. As a sign of this legacy, the party, for example, guarantees free membership for ex-RSI military.[3] A press release from the Rome section of the party states:

Tricolour Flame maintains a fairly strong anti-capitalist stance, and it can be thought to be the Italian party closest to third positionist ideology.

Recently Tricolour Flame has been peculiar, among Italian neo-fascist organizations, in actively trying to attract the young masses and renewing its political practices and communication techniques in a more modern, innovative fashion. Political manifests often tend towards attractive, modern graphics and clear-cut, even humorous slogans. Tricolour Flame is also very close to youth far-right organizations and initiatives, of which the most relevant is CasaPound, a social centre in Rome.

The party is against the regionalism promoted by the Northern League for an independent "Padania", instead favoring a united Italy.

Membership[edit]

Among the more controversial members of Tricolur Flame are Pietro Puschiavo and Maurizio Boccacci.[5] In 1985 Puschiavo was a founding member of the Veneto Skinheads Front, a far-right skinhead group based in Veneto and connected to Blood and Honour. Boccacci is the former leader of the Western Political Movement, a far-right skinhead organization based in Rome.[6]

Election results[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1996 339,351 (#11) 0.91
0 / 630
Pino Rauti
2001 143,963 (#14) 0.39
0 / 630
Pino Rauti
2006 230,506 (#15) 0.60
0 / 630
Luca Romagnoli
2008 884,961 (#7) 2.43
0 / 630
Luca Romagnoli
2013 44,753 (#23) 0.13
0 / 630
Luca Romagnoli
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1996 747,487 (#5) 2.29
1 / 315
Pino Rauti
2001 340,221 (#7) 1.00
0 / 315
Decrease 1
Pino Rauti
2006 204,498 (#14) 0.60
0 / 315
Luca Romagnoli
2008 686,926 (#7) 2.10
0 / 315
Luca Romagnoli
2013 52,106 (#20) 0.17
0 / 630
Luca Romagnoli
European Parliament
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1999 496,030 (#15) 1.60
1 / 87
Pino Rauti
2004 237,058 (#15) 0.73
1 / 78
Luca Romagnoli
2009 246,403 (#10) 0.80
0 / 72
Decrease 1
Luca Romagnoli
2014 did not run
0 / 72
Attilio Carelli

Leadership[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]