Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914

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Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914
MTRFiat mod 14 35.JPG
Type Medium machine gun
Place of origin Kingdom of Italy
Service history
In service 1914-1945
Used by Kingdom of Italy, Austria-Hungary
Wars World War I
Vlora War
Second Italo-Abyssinian War
World War II
Production history
Manufacturer Fiat
Weight 17 kg gun (without water) + 22.4 kg tripod
Length 1180 mm
Barrel length 654 mm

Cartridge 6.5x52mm Carcano
Rate of fire 400-500 rpm
Feed system 50-round magazine
Sights Iron

The Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914 was an Italian water-cooled medium machine gun produced from 1914 to 1918. It was used by the Italian Army in the First World War, and was used in limited numbers into the Second World War.[1]


It was very similar to the Maxim in appearance (in fact it had the same air-cooling jacket and tripod), even though its internal workings were completely different, reminiscent of the Breda 30, of which it used the cartridge-oiling system, and the mechanisms. It was fed from a 50-round integral magazine divided in ten compartments, each fed from a rifle clip, a feature that rendered the logistics easier, even though it was slow to reload, prone to malfunction and very uncomfortable in sustained-fire role because of this magazine arrangement. It was chambered for the 6.5x52mm Mannlicher-Carcano, weighed 17 kg (37 lb) (the tripod weighed 21.5 kg (47 lb)) and had a firing rate of 400-500 rpm (rounds-per-minute), rather low for this type of machine gun.[2]

It was developed into the Fiat–Revelli Modello 1935.


  1. ^
  2. ^ Big set N°20 "armi della fanteria" (infantry weapons) by John Weeks

Further reading[edit]