Fiat–Revelli Modello 1935
|Mitragliatrice Fiat–Revelli Modello 1935|
A Fiat-Revelli 35, mounted on its tripod.
|Type||Medium machine gun|
|Place of origin||Kingdom of Italy|
|Wars||Spanish Civil War|
World War II
|Manufacturer||Società Metallurgica Bresciana|
|Mass||17 kg gun + 23 kg tripod|
|Barrel length||654 mm|
|Cartridge||8x59mm RB Breda|
|Rate of fire||600 round/min|
|Muzzle velocity||750 m/s (2,460 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||1000 m|
|Feed system||Belt feed|
The gun has an overall length of 1700 mm, including its 650 mm barrel. Unloaded, the gun weighs 17 kg, while the tripod weighed 23 kg. Like the Modello 1914, the Modello 35 is a complete weapon system made up of the machine gun unit, the tripod mounting assembly and ammunition supply, and therefore required a multi-person crew to operate.
The Modello 1914 had seen widespread use during the World War I, but its flaws (excessive weight, water-cooling and its use of the underpowered 6.5x52mm Carcano) became more and more apparent as time passed; while the Italian Army was beginning to develop the new Breda M37, it was seen convenient to modernize the many Modello 1914s still existent. The Modello 35 opted for a more conventional belt feed, air-cooling, rechambering for the 8x59mm RB Breda and, after an unsuccessful attempt, discarding an oil pump to lubricate the bullets as on the Breda 30 light machine gun (but some sources claim that, as the Modello 1914, this weapon still featured this troublesome design, which is not mentioned in any of the technical manuals). Also, the machine gun was prone to the cook-off of the chambered rounds during the pauses of firing.
The rechambering to the 8mm calibre and the adoption of a belt feed succeeded in improving both the stopping power and the rate of fire of the machine-gun; however, it reportedly suffered from jammings rather often.
Notes and references
- Esdaile, Charles J. (2018-10-10). The Spanish Civil War: A Military History. ISBN 9780429859298.
- "Fiat-Revelli M1914 M1935". 2010-10-27.
- Nathan Block. "FIAT-Revelli Modello 1935 Heavy Machine Gun (1935)". Military Factory. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
- "Mitragliatrice Fiat Mod. 35". Regio Esercito. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
- The Italian Army 1940-45 (1): Europe 1940-43 By Philip S. Jowett, p. 13
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