Fiat 500L

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other Fiat cars with the model number "500", see Fiat 500 (disambiguation).
Fiat 500L
Fiat 500L diesel 1248cc registered March 2013.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called
  • 500L Trekking
  • 500L Living
  • 500L MPW
Production 2012–present
Assembly Kragujevac, Serbia (Fiat Srbija)
Designer Centro Stile Fiat with
Roberto Giolito
(Chief Designer)[1]
Andreas Wuppinger
(Chief Designer, Exterior)[1]
Virgilio Fernandez
(Chief Designer, Interior)[1]
Rossella Guasco
(Color and Materials)[1]
Body and chassis
Class B-segment Mini MPV
Body style 5-door hatchback
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Platform Small US Wide
Related Fiat Toro
Jeep Renegade (BU)
Fiat 500X
Fiat Tipo
Powertrain
Engine 0.9 L TwinAir Turbo I2 (petrol)
0.9 L TwinAir Turbo I2 (petrol/CNG)
1.4 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.4 L Fire Turbojet I4 (petrol)
1.4 L Multiair Turbo I4 (petrol)
1.3 L MultiJet II I4 (diesel)
1.6 L Multijet I4 (diesel)
Transmission
  • 5-speed FPT C510 manual
  • 6-speed FPT C635 manual
  • 6-speed FPT C635 dual-clutch automatic
  • 5-speed FPT C510 Dualogic semi-auto
  • 6-speed Aisin AW60T automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,612 mm (102.8 in)
Length 4,140 mm (163.0 in)
4,350 mm (171.3 in) (Living)
Width 1,780 mm (70.1 in)
Height 1,660 mm (65.4 in)
Kerb weight 1,245 kg (2,745 lb)-1,365 kg (3,009 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Idea
Fiat Multipla
Chrysler PT Cruiser (North America)

The 500L is a five-door, five passenger, front-engine, front-wheel drive, high-roof B-segment MPV manufactured in Kragujevac, Serbia by the Fiat subdivision of FCA — and marketed globally[2] since its debut at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show.[3]

500L, European model
The 500L North American model
Iinstrument panel
500L Cab Forward concept

Based on a variant of the GM Fiat Small Platform,[4] the 500L uses Fiat's Multiair variable valve timing engine technology in a cab forward[5] architecture: a packaging concept that prioritizes interior room. With a total passenger and cargo volume of 121.1 cubic feet,[6] the 500L features high H-point seating, tall roof and greenhouse, split front (A) pillar with glass and polycarbonate rear (D)[7] pillar — and a reconfigurable interior design marketed as Magic Cargo Space which includes a three-level rear cargo floor panel, fold-flat front passenger seat as well as for-aft sliding, fold and tumble, reclining rear seating. In 2013, Fiat began marketing a lengthened 7-seat variant, the 500L Living, in Europe.

The 500L derives its name from Fiat's widely known 500 models, including the original 1957 Fiat 500 and the current Fiat 500, introduced in 2007. Underscoring its increased length and overall size over other 500 variants, the suffix L denotes "large."[8]

Design and development[edit]

During its development, beginning in April 2010 when Fiat released its 2010-2014 product development plan, the 500L was internally designated the L0 or Ellezero, and was conceived as a replacement for the Fiat Idea and its rebadged variant, the Lancia Musa. Two variants were announced, five and seven passenger, the latter targeted at North America.

The 500L platform was based on Fiat's "Small" platform, first used with the Fiat Grande Punto, and further developed since its launch in 2005. With the 500L, the platform is both longer and wider, to accommodate the 500L's cab forward architecture. The concept prioritizes interior volume and reduction of the vehicles volume dedicated to mechanicals, moving the cockpit forward, toward the front of the car.

Designers of the 500L said its development was inspired by Villa Savoye, the modernist house designed in the 1930s by Le Corbusier, located in Poissy, France. Fabrizio Vacca, senior interior designer with Fiat's Centro Stile in Turin described a common "layered" theme to each, including a base, a windowed middle with expansive visibility and an available, very large, dual-pane panoramic sunroof.[9] The 500L's sunroof is 10.8 sf,[10] the largest in its class.

The designer cites the split A-pillar as a notable element contributing to the interior's open feel, visibility and sense of transparency.[9]

Manufacture[edit]

Manufacture of the 500L began at Fiat’s Kragujevac plant in Serbia,[11] previously the Zastava Automobiles factory, in June 2012. Originally scheduled for manufacture at the Italian Mirafiori plant in Turin, labor relations resulted in the manufacturing moving to the Kragujevac assembly plant.[12] Approximately one percent of 500L production is sold in Serbia,[13] with 90% exported from Serbia via the port of Bar, Montenegro.[14]

In 2013, a ship carrying the first 3,000 Fiat 500L units for the North American market docked in the port of Baltimore (United States) to unload its first consignment, subsequently delivering the remainder of its cargo to the Canadian port of Halifax.[15]

Trims and variants[edit]

Fiat markets the 500L in various trim levels worldwide, beginning in 2014 in the US with four trim levels: Pop, Easy, Trekking, and Lounge — subsequently consolidated to three levels with model year 2017. Trim levels available globally include Sport in Canada in lieu of Easy — and Pop Star in Europe. Engine and transmission vary by country and model year. Available transmissions include a six-speed manual, dual-clutch transmission (DCT), and an Aisin six-speed traditional torque converter automatic.

The standard (entry) trim level, typically marketed as Pop, includes power windows and door locks, Uconnect 5.0 system with 5-inch touchscreen interface, handsfree calling, Bluetooth-streaming audio, voice-controllable radio; hill start assist; and a reconfigurable interior design marketed as Magic Cargo Space which includes a three-level rear cargo floor panel, fold-flat front passenger seat as well as for-aft sliding, fold and tumble, reclining rear seating. The standard trim level typically offers no option packages.

Upper trim levels (variously marketed as Easy, Sport, Pop Star or Lounge) include more standard features and numerous option packages, including wheels, navigation, leather trim, heated front seats, dual-pane panoramic sunroof or fixed sunroof (Europe), 6.5" Uconnect system, roof color options, fog lights, power outlets, Illuminated visor mirrors, and chrome trim.

Trekking models, first presented at the 2012 LA Auto Show, feature unique front and rear fascias, optional two-tone Nero/Marrone (black/brown) interior upholstery and distinct options packages.

Longer 7 seats "Living" version

To complement the regular length 500L, codenamed Fiat L0 (or Ellezero) (design code 330),[16] in 2013 Fiat began marketing a lengthened seven-seat variant as the 500L Living (or MPW in Ireland and UK), developed under project code L1, Elleuno, or design code 334. The Living variant is not available in North America.[17]

The 500L was the first production car with an optional in-vehicle espresso machine.[18][19]

Engines[edit]

For most markets, the 500L is available in a range of petrol and diesel engines; the 2-cylinder 0.9 L Twin Air and the 4-cylinder 1.4 L petrol, and the 1.3 L and 1.6 L MultiJet II common rail diesel engines. In North America the 500L is only available with a 1.4 L turbo petrol engine, not available in Europe. A "Natural Power" methane powered version of the 0.9 L Twin Air is available in selected European markets.

All petrol models are equipped with a 6-speed manual transmission, with an automatic option only in North America. The 1.3 L diesel is available with 5-speed manual or a 5-speed semi-automatic transmission called "MTA Dualogic".[20] The 1.6 diesel is only available with a 6-speed manual.

The 1.6 MultiJet II 120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) and 1.4 T-Jet 120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) engine versions for the 500L, 500L Trekking and 500L Living were unveiled in Frankfurt Motor Show 2013.[21]

For 2014 three new engine options (1.6 MultiJet II (120PS) turbo diesel, 1.4 T-Jet (120PS) petrol, 1.4 Turbo LPG) were announced for all 500L derivatives. A 1.4 turbo LPG engine models of 2014 Fiat 500L would be available at later date.

Model Engine Fuel Transmission Power Torque Emissions CO2
0.9 TwinAir Natural Power 875 cc I2 Petrol/CNG 6-speed manual 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) @ 5500 rpm 140 N·m (103 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm 105 g/km
0.9 TwinAir Turbo 875 cc I2 Petrol 6-speed manual 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) @ 5500 rpm 145 N·m (107 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm 112 g/km
1.4 16V FIRE 1368 cc I4 Petrol/LPG 6-speed manual 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp) @ 6000 rpm 127 N·m (94 lb·ft) @ 4500 rpm 145 g/km
1.3 16V MultiJet II 1248 cc I4 Diesel 5-speed manual 85 PS (63 kW; 84 hp) @ 3500 rpm 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) @ 1500 rpm 110 g/km
1.3 16V MultiJet II 1248 cc I4 Diesel 5-speed automatic 85 PS (63 kW; 84 hp) @ 3500 rpm 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) @ 1500 rpm 105 g/km
1.6 16V MultiJet II 1598 cc I4 Diesel 6-speed manual 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) @ 3750 rpm 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) @ 1750 rpm 117 g/km
1.6 16V MultiJet II 1598 cc I4 Diesel 6-speed manual 120 PS (88 kW; 120 hp) @ 3750 rpm 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) @ 1750 rpm 120 g/km
1.4 FIRE T-Jet 1368 cc I4 Petrol/LPG 6-speed manual 120 PS (88 kW; 120 hp) @ 5,000 rpm 206 N·m (152 lb·ft) @ 2,000 rpm 145 g/km
1.4 Turbo MultiAir 1368 cc I4 Petrol 6-speed manual 162 PS (119 kW; 160 hp) @ 5,500 rpm 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) @ 2,500 rpm[22] 132 g/km
1.4 Turbo MultiAir 1368 cc I4 Petrol 6-speed automatic 162 PS (119 kW; 160 hp) @ 5,500 rpm 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) @ 2,500 rpm[22] 123 g/km

*Source:[23]

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP

Euro NCAP test results
Fiat 500L (2012)[24]
Test Points %
Overall: 5 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 34 94%
Child occupant: 38 78%
Pedestrian: 23 65%
Safety assist: 5 71%

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)

IIHS 500L scores:[25]
Moderate overlap frontal offset Good
Small overlap frontal offset Poor
Side impact Good
Roof strength Good
Head restraints & seats Good

Marketing[edit]

As part of Fiat 500L Trekking launch, a 500L Trekking commercial directed by the director Adam Stevens for the production company 'Filmmaster Productions' was premiered in 2013-06-30.[26]

Fiat 500L and 500L were used in 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics by the Italian team.[27]

Fiat Chrysler donated eight black 500Ls to serve as papal limousines during the 2015 visit of Pope Francis to the United States. The vehicles were later donated to organizations involved in the Pope's visit, including the Archdioceses of Washington, Philadelphia, and New York.[28][29]

Concept models[edit]

2013 SEMA concepts: Two special versions of the 500L were unveiled in 2013 SEMA Show with a "surf and turf" theme.[30][30] The 500L Adventurer is a version of 5-seat Fiat 500L with bright white body colour, with Mopar roof rails and a roof basket, and many other accessories from the Mopar range. The 500L Thalassa is a based on the Fiat 500 Beach Cruiser from 2012, with bright orange body work and 18" orange wheels and other Mopar accessories.[31]

2014 Fiat 500L Beats Edition: The Beats Edition was produced in association with artist and record producer Dr. Dre, Interscope Geffen A&M Records chairman and record producer Jimmy Iovine, with two-tone grey/black livery in matt or gloss finish and new interior trim. It went on sale in spring 2014 Italy, and subsequently in other markets.[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Stuart Birch (May 9, 2012). "Fiat explores multipurpose design with 500L". Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). 
  2. ^ "Fiat 500L, Cool & Capable". fiatpress.com. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "2014 Fiat 500L adds size, refinement and toys to 500 lineup". Autoblog. 
  4. ^ "First Fiat 500L Photos Released". Inside Line. 2 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  5. ^ MARTON PETTENDY (February 2, 2012). "Geneva show: Fiat lays 500L bare". Winding Road. 
  6. ^ "All-new 2014 Fiat 500L Expands FIAT Brand's Product Lineup". FCA. 
  7. ^ Donny Nordlicht (February 11, 2013). "Plastic is the New Glass: 2014 Fiat 500L and Others Replacing Glass with Polycarbonate". Automobile Magazine. 
  8. ^ Brandon Turkus (February 2, 2012). "First Look: 2013 Fiat 500L". Winding Road. 
  9. ^ a b Lou Ann Hammond (July 15, 2013). "The Mother of all Fiats". Carlist.com. 
  10. ^ Larry Printz (July 3, 2013). "New Fiat 500L is a bigger deal". The Virginian Pilot, Pilotonline.com. 
  11. ^ "Larger Fiat 500L to Debut in Geneva Next Month". Wall Street Journal. 2 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  12. ^ "Marchionne: Sindacati poco seri in Italia". Blitzquotidiano.it. 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2012-06-08. 
  13. ^ DLUCA CIFERRI (November 28, 2012). "The not so prophetic story of the Fiat 500L". Automotive News Europe. 
  14. ^ "Fiat to ship Serbian-built 500L through Montenegro port". Automotive News Europe. February 24, 2012. 
  15. ^ "The Fiat 500L lands in North America". Fiatpress.com. 2013-05-27. Retrieved 2015-12-03. 
  16. ^ "Ultimi collaudi per la Fiat Ellezero prima di Ginevra" (in Italian). Quattroruote.it. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 2012-06-08. 
  17. ^ "Spy Shots about Fiat Ellezero (Type 330)". Autoedizione.com. 2012-01-05. Retrieved 2012-06-08. 
  18. ^ "Fiat 500L Gets World's First In-Car Espresso Machine". Inside Line. 16 July 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2012. 
  19. ^ Chris Tutor RSS feed. "Fiat 500L to launch with world's first in-car coffee maker option". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  20. ^ Fiat 500L: NUOVI MOTORI PER IL FESTIVAL DI SANREMO Archived 24 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ "Fiat Panda 4x4 Antartica, Fiat Freemont Black Code and 3 new engine versions for the 500 family - the stars of the show at Frankfurt 2013". Fiatpress.com. 2013-09-02. Retrieved 2015-12-03. 
  22. ^ a b "2014 Fiat 500L rounds out the model range". Autoblog.com. AOL. 28 November 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  23. ^ "New model Fiat 500L". italiaspeed.com. 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  24. ^ "Euro NCAP results for Fiat 500L" (PDF). euroncap.com. 2012. 
  25. ^ "Vehicle details". Iihs.org. Retrieved 2015-12-03. 
  26. ^ "New Fiat 500L Trekking Commercial Airs". Fiatpress.com. 2013-07-01. Retrieved 2015-12-03. 
  27. ^ "2014 Sochi Winter Olympics: Fiat is always at the side of athletes with CONI". Fiatpress.com. 2013-12-18. Retrieved 2015-12-03. 
  28. ^ "Fell in love with the papal Fiat? Now you can own it". Crux. 2016-01-20. Retrieved 2016-03-22. 
  29. ^ "Pope's Fiat on display at the Cathedral of Saint Matthew in Washington". WJLA. 2016-03-21. Retrieved 2016-03-22. 
  30. ^ a b "Chrysler Group LLC Reveals Mopar-modified Show Vehicles at 2013 SEMA Show". Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2015-12-03. 
  31. ^ "Fiat 500L SEMA Concepts Prepped for Surf and Turf". AutoGuide.com. 6 November 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  32. ^ "500L Beats Edition and new 2014 500L range: the new additions to the 500 family for continuing growth". Fiatpress.com. 2014-02-10. Retrieved 2015-12-03. 

External links[edit]