Fiat Campagnola

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Fiat Campagnola
Also calledZastava AR51/AR55
Wheelbase225 cm (88.6 in)
Length360 cm (141.7 in)
403 cm (158.7 in)
Width148 cm (58.3 in)
Height195 cm (76.8 in)
Curb weight1,250 kg (2,760 lb) -1,350 kg (2,980 lb)

The Fiat Campagnola is a heavy-duty off-road vehicle produced by Fiat. Production started in 1951[1] and it was upgraded in 1974. It was inspired by the Willys Jeep.[2]

Fiat 1101 "Campagnola" (1951-73)[edit]

Civilian models[edit]

Model Engine Displacement Power Fuelsystem
1101 inline-four ohv 1,901 cc 53-63 hp single carburetor
1101A inline-four ohv 1,901 cc 53-63 hp single carburetor
1102 inline-four ohv 1,901 cc 40 hp diesel
1102A inline-four ohv 1,901 cc 43 hp diesel
1102B inline-four ohv 1,901 cc 51 hp diesel
1102C inline-four ohv 1,895 cc 47 hp diesel

Fiat 1107 "Nuova Campagnola" (1974-87)[edit]

Fiat Nuova Campagnola
Fiat Campagnola as Popemobile in which Pope John Paul II was victim of an assassination attempt. This vehicle is now in the "Carriage museum" of the Vatican City.
Also calledRenault TRM500[3]
Wheelbase230 cm (90.6 in)
Length378 cm (148.8 in)
403 cm (158.7 in)
Width158 cm (62.2 in)
Height195 cm (76.8 in)
Curb weight1,750 kg (3,860 lb)

The Campagnola was redesigned for launch in June 1974[4] and in this form produced until 1987.

The new vehicle used the petrol engine of the Fiat 132, but with a longer stroke which increased the capacity to 1,995 cc.[4] - the same enlarged engine turned up in the Fiat 132 itself two years later, albeit with twin overhead camshafts. There was a light alloy cylinder head: instead of the twin overhead camshafts of the 132, the engine in the Campagnola had a single side-mounted camshaft driven by a toothed belt, the valve movement being driven by pushrods and rockers.

As an option, a Sofim 2.5 litre diesel engine was also available.

The large square engine compartment gave easy access to the engine bay which was designed to permit "wading" up to 70 cm deep.[4]

The 57 litre fuel tank was positioned well out of range from rocks and flying stones, under the twin passenger seat beside the driver.[4]

Torsion bars suspended all four wheels, with two shock absorbers for each of the rear wheels and a single one for each of the front wheels. All six shocks used were of identical specification and thus interchangeable.[4] Road testers from the UK commended the smoothness of the ride over rough ground which evidently compared very favourably with that offered by the Land Rover of the time.[4]

A military version was introduced in 1976 (AR76) and in 1979, after a new update, it was called AR76



Model Engine Displacement Power Fuelsystem
1107 inline-four ohv 1,995 cc 80 hp single carburetor
1107 D inline-four SOHC 1,995 cc 60 hp diesel
1107 D inline-four SOHC 2,445 cc 72 hp diesel


Renault derivative[edit]

In 1976 the French army was about to replace its Jeeps and several prototype series were made: Peugeot proposed the P4, an adaptation of the Mercedes G-Wagen, powered by the gasoline engine of Peugeot 504. Citroën offered its own version of the Volkswagen Iltis, using the CX Athena engine and renamed as C44. The Renault Campagnola TRM500 was derivative of Fiat Campagnola and used engine of Renault R20. Finally the Peugeot P4 was chosen as new army jeep.[5]


The Campagnola was also license-built by Zastava Trucks, in Yugoslavia.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ackerson, Robert (2006). Jeep CJ 1945-1986. Veloce Publishing Ltd. ISBN 9781904788966.
  2. ^ "This 1975 Vintage Fiat Campagnola Is Basically an Italian Land Rover Defender". 15 July 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Campagnola Renault TRM500 History". Archived from the original on 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "New Cross-country Vehicle from Fiat". Autocar. 141 (nbr 4053): 30. 22 June 1974.
  5. ^ "CAMPAGNOLA RENAULT TRM500". Archived from the original on 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2011-01-22.