Fiat Fiorino

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Fiat Fiorino
Fiat Fiorino 2008 front.jpg
Fiat Fiorino 2008
Overview
ManufacturerFiat
Production1977–present
Body and chassis
ClassLeisure activity vehicle (M)
Chronology
PredecessorFiat 500 Commerciale/Furgoncino

The Fiat Fiorino is a small commercial vehicle produced by the Italian car manufacturer Fiat since 1977. Its first two generations have been the panel van derivatives of other small models, such as the Fiat 127 and Fiat Uno, while the current third generation was developed jointly with PSA Peugeot Citroën, and is based on the Fiat Small platform.

The current generation, the Sevel LAV, is also built with a passenger body style, as the Fiat Qubo, and is marketed along with its rebadged versions, the Citroën Nemo and the Peugeot Bipper. It is positioned below the Fiat Doblò, the Citroën Berlingo, and the Peugeot Partner, in each manufacturer's model line up.

The name comes from an old Italian coin, normally translated into English as the Florin.[1]

First generation (1977–1988)[edit]

First generation (147)
Fiat Fiorino 1st gen facelift.jpg
Overview
Also calledFiat 127 Fiorino
Fiat 147 Pick-Up City (Brazil)[2]
Emelba 127 Poker
Production1977–1988
1989–1995 (Argentina)
AssemblyMirafiori, Turin, Italy
Betim, Brazil (Fiat Automóveis)
Córdoba, Argentina (Sevel)
Catalonia, Spain (Emelba)
Body and chassis
ClassLeisure activity vehicle/panel van
pick-up
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
RelatedFiat 127
Fiat 147
SEAT 127
Powertrain
Engine903cc 100 GL.000 OHV I4 petrol
1049cc 127 A.000 OHC I4 petrol
1301cc 127 D.000 SOHC I4 diesel
Dimensions
Length3,835 mm (151.0 in)
Width1,564 mm (61.6 in)
Height1,810 mm (71.3 in)
Curb weight870 kg (1,918 lb)
1983 Fiat Fiorino Panorama
Fiat Fiorino rear

Originally called Fiat 127 Fiorino, the first generation (Codeproject Type 147) was based on the Series 2 Fiat 127 with the back being a van box, i.e. a 1.3 metres (4 ft 3 in) tall "high cube" design,[1] an arrangement subsequently emulated by several European automakers. The platform is a stretched version of the Brazilian 147 with a different rear suspension.

It was launched in early November 1977, in panel van and passenger (Panorama) versions with the same 903cc (100 GL.000) OHV I4 petrol engine and the 1050cc (127 A.000) OHC I4, both used in the Fiat 127.[1]

In 1981, Fiat introduced a facelift with new front fascia, similar to those of the Fiat 147 and the 127 Panorama; the 903cc engine was dropped and the new 1301cc (127 D.000 SOHC) I4 diesel engine was introduced. [3]

At the same time, Fiat dropped the name 127 in Europe, and called the vehicle Fiorino.[2] In 1980, the Fiorino was launched in Brazil in panel van, passenger, and coupe utility (pick up) versions. The pick up was called Fiat 147 City.[4] Another facelift was launched in 1983, with the new front grille based on the South American Fiat 127 Unificata.

In Europe, Fiat sold the Ognitempo kit to transform the Fiorino into a camper.

Production[edit]

The Fiorino was assembled from 1977 to 1981 in the Mirafiori factory in Torino, Italy, alongside the Fiat 127. In 1980, production began in the Minas Gerais plant, Brazil where the Fiat 147 (and related 127 Panorama) were manufactured. In 1981, European production was transferred from Mirafiori to Minas Gerais.

After Brazilian production ceased in 1988, the tooling was transferred to Argentina and the Fiorino continued to be manufactured by Sevel Argentina and sold for the local market. 25,035 units of the first generation were built in the Cordoba factory between 1989 and 1995,[5] and a total of 250,545 units of the Fiorino were built in the Betim factory in Brazil between 1980 and 1988 (respectively 172,086 van version[6] and 78,459 pick up version[7]).

Spanish version[edit]

Emelba 127 Poker pick up

In Spain, a commercial vehicle based on the SEAT 127 (a Spanish version of the Italian 127 built under license Fiat by SEAT) was produced from 1980 by coachbuilder Emelba and called the Emelba 127 Poker.[8]

The 127 Poker has a similar "high cube" box design of the Fiorino, but different rear doors, rear lights, and rear suspension. The 127 Poker was designed by Elba Design studio and was available as a panel van, passenger version, and coupe utility (pick up). It was fitted with the 903-cc Fiat petrol engine and was sold directly through SEAT dealerships in Spain.

Production ended in 1986 when it was replaced by the SEAT Terra, which shares the same engine as the SEAT 127. The Spanish 127 Poker was built at the headquarters of Emelba in Girona, Catalonia.

Engines[edit]

Model Engine Displacement Power Torque Note
0.9 8V petrol I4 903 cc 45 PS (33 kW; 44 hp) 64 N⋅m (47 lb⋅ft)
1.05 8V petrol I4 1049 cc 50 PS (37 kW; 49 hp) 77 N⋅m (57 lb⋅ft)
1.3 8V diesel I4 1301 cc 45 PS (33 kW; 44 hp) 103 N⋅m (76 lb⋅ft)

Second generation (1988–2013)[edit]

Second generation (146)
Fiat Fiorino front 20080111.jpg
Overview
Production1988–2013
AssemblyBetim, Brazil (Fiat Automóveis)
Córdoba, Argentina (Sevel)
Body and chassis
ClassLeisure activity vehicle (M)
Body stylepanel van
pick-up
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
PlatformType One (Tipo Uno)
RelatedFiat Uno/Mille (146)
Fiat Duna/Penny/Elba
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission4-speed manual
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,580 mm (102 in)
Length4,160 mm (163.8 in)
Width1,620 mm (63.8 in)
Height1,920 mm (75.6 in)
Kerb weight995 kg (2,194 lb)
Chronology
SuccessorFiat Doblò (Europe)
Fiat Strada (pick-up)
2000 Fiat Fiorino rear
2008 Fiat Fiorino Cargo Brazilian version

In 1988, the second generation version (Codeproject Type 146) was released, based on the Brazilian Fiat Uno. It was available in panel van (Fiorino Cargo), passenger (Fiorino Panorama), and coupe utility (pickup) body styles.

The Fiorino sold over 250,000 units in the European market by the end of 2000. The Fiorino ceased to me imported to the United Kingdom in 2001, a year after production for European export ceased.

In 1992, a facelifted Fiorino debuted with styling inspired by the Fiat Tipo,[9]. It also received a re-engineered platform, a new interior, and optional cleaner engines. Catalyzed versions received a marginally smaller fuel tank, at 52 L (13.7 US gal) rather than 54 L (14.3 US gal), to provide space for the converter.[10] The last facelift for the European market was in 1997.

In 1994, a new version based on the Fiat Mille platform debuted in South America. This version was assembled in the Minas Gerais plant and remained on sale in Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, and Chile until the end of 2013, in anticipation of the requirement for dual SRS airbags and ABS brakes in the Brazilian market from 2014 onwards.

ABS and driver SRS airbag had been available as extra-cost options for the second generation Fiorino from the end of 1998 to 2001, but since the dashboard would not fit a passenger airbag without extensive changes, it was more cost-effective to phase it out and replace it with a newer model.

The second-generation Fiorino was also assembled in Argentina by Sevel Argentina. Over 1,000,000 Fiorinos have been sold in South America. In 2004, a facelifted version was released with the Fiat Doblò front style. In 2009, Fiat introduced a new version with the red Fiat logo on the front.

Brazilian production of the second generation of Fiorino ended in December 2013 when the new generation (based on the platform of the new Brazilian Fiat Uno) was unveiled. The Fiorino was the leader of the segment for twenty three consecutive years.[11] A total of 981,922 Fiorinos was built in Betim, Brazil: 775,620 Cargo/Panorama[12] and 206,302 pick-ups.[13]

Engines[edit]

Available engines were the Fiat 1.7L 8V diesel (naturally aspirated or turbocharged), the 1.2L and the 1.4L 8V Fire, and for South America, the Fiasa Flex 1.0L and 1.5L 8V. In Brazil, both 1242 cc engines were available with flexible fuel technology.

  • 1.0L petrol
  • 1.2L Fire petrol
  • 1.4L petrol
  • 1.5L flex fuel (spi and mpi versions)
  • 1.7L diesel and turbodiesel

Third generation [edit]

Europe (2007–present)[edit]

Third generation
Fiat Fiorino III 20090808 front.JPG
Fiat Fiorino, one of the three versions of the Sevel LAV
Overview
Also calledFiat Qubo
Citroën Nemo
Peugeot Bipper
Ram V700 City (Chile)
Production2007–present
AssemblyTurkey: Bursa (Tofaş)
Body and chassis
ClassLeisure activity vehicle (M)
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
PlatformFCA Small platform
RelatedFiat Grande Punto
Fiat Linea
Opel Corsa D
Powertrain
Engine1.4 L PSA TU3 I4 (petrol)
1.4 L Fire I4 (petrol)[nb 1]
1.4 L Fire Natural Power I4 (petrol/CNG)[nb 2]
1.3 L Multijet I4 (diesel)
1.4 L HDi DV4 I4 (diesel)[nb 3]
Transmission5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed automated manual
6-speed automated manual
Dimensions
WheelbaseFiat: 2,513 mm (98.9 in)
LengthFiat: 3,864–3,964 mm (152.1–156.1 in)
Citroën/Peugeot: 3,860 mm (152 in)
WidthFiat: 1,716 mm (67.6 in)
Citroën/Peugeot: 1,710 mm (67 in)
HeightFiat: 1,721 mm (67.8 in)
Citroën/Peugeot: 1.720 m (67.7 in)
Kerb weight1,165 kg (2,568 lb)
Chronology
Successor

The third generation Fiat Fiorino (Type 225) leisure activity vehicle was unveiled in October 2007, and went on sale in February 2008. The Fiorino shares architecture and body work with the Citroën Nemo and Peugeot Bipper under the Sevel joint venture between Fiat and PSA Peugeot Citroën. Production began in November 2007.

Built by Tofaş in Bursa, Turkey, they are produced in both panel van and passenger body styles, and are situated below the larger LAVs Fiat Doblò, Citroën Berlingo and Peugeot Partner, in their manufacturers' line ups. Fiat also retails its passenger model as the Fiat Qubo, with the Fiorino name designating the commercial models.

The Fiorino and its siblings are based on the Fiat Grande Punto Small platform, with a wheelbase of 2,513 millimetres (98.9 in). This project can be seen as a breakthrough in Tofaş history as it carried most of the development work in addition to responsibility for its assembly.

Fiat Qubo

Fiat launched their passenger carrying equivalent at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2008. It is branded as the Fiat Qubo. A derivative of the Fiorino (a small MPV), a passenger version of the Fiorino was unveiled in June 2008. This version is suitable for up to five people and can be equipped with different engines, including a 1.3 Multijet diesel (75 PS) or 1.4 litre petrol engine with 73 PS (54 kW; 72 hp).

In some countries (such as Turkey), the passenger version Qubo was sold as the "Fiorino Panorama".

As of 2020, the Fiat Qubo passenger variant has ceased production. The Fiorino commercial version remains available.

Peugeot Bipper and Citroën Nemo (2008-2017)[edit]

Citroën Nemo

The Citroën Nemo is a badge engineered van launched in January 2008 by Citroën.[15] The vehicle is the result of a partnership between Fiat, PSA Peugeot Citroën and Tofaş. The other platform derivatives are the Peugeot Bipper and the Fiat Fiorino.

The Citroën Nemo Multispace is a small MPV, which was also introduced in 2008, and is based on the same platform.

In April 2010, during a routine evasive manoeuvre test, conducted in Germany, the vehicle rolled over. The shape of the vehicle; as a high bodied, short wheelbase van caused the roll. The addition of Electronic stability control (ESC) would likely have prevented this but was not available as standard or as an option on the Nemo.[16]

Peugeot Bipper

The Peugeot Bipper is a small delivery van sold by French automaker Peugeot since May 2008.[15] It shares its body, platform and most components with the contemporary Citroën Nemo and Fiat Fiorino.

The Citroën Nemo, Fiat Fiorino III, and Peugeot Bipper were developed jointly with Tofaş, following an agreement signed on 31 March 2005. The vans are manufactured on behalf of all the partners in Bursa by Tofaş.

The Bipper is marketed as a "mini cargovan" designed for big and small cities, cheaper and a little smaller than the Peugeot Partner.

The Peugeot Bipper Tepee is a small MPV, which was also introduced in 2008, and is based on the same platform.

2016 facelift[edit]

2016 facelift

In April 2016, Fiat Professional introduce a facelift for the Fiorino range, featured a new front bumper with a chrome strip that incorporates the design of the Doblò and Ducato brothers. Also new are the alloy wheels and plastic covers. Inside the new steering wheel is a new infotainment system developed by Magneti Marelli with a 5-inch touchscreen that integrates car radio, satellite navigation, bluetooth, USB, and AUX. The engine range consists of the 1.4 petrol Fire with 77 horsepower, the 1.4 Natural Power petrol/methane, and the diesel 1.3 Multijet with 80 and 95 horsepower. Fiat also introduced a low emission version called EcoJet available with a 1.3 diesel engine with manual or an automated manual gearbox (called Comfort-Matic, an evolution of the previous Dualogic); the EcoJet has low rolling impact tires and a variable displacement oil pump. Trim levels include Cargo, Combined and Panorama versions, which also includes the Adventure set-up (available in all three versions) with raised trim and suspension, M+S tires, specific alloy wheels, additional bumper bands and Traction+ differential lock electronic system.[17][18]

The PSA brand versions, on the other hand, were not updated and went out of production in December 2017.[19]

In July 2018, the Fiat Fiorino engines were re-homologated Euro 6D-Temp.

Engines[edit]

Name Fuel Engine type Volume Output Engine code Emission standard CO2 emissions (g/km) Notes
1.4 8V Gasoline 4 Cyl Inline 8v OHC 1,360 cc (83 cu in) 73 PS (54 kW; 72 hp) PSA TU3 Euro 4 152
1.4 8V bi-fuel Gasoline-CNG 4 Cyl Inline 8v 1,368 cc (83.5 cu in) 69 PS (51 kW; 68 hp) Fiat Fire Natural Power Euro 5 114 Only for Fiat Qubo
1.3 16V Diesel 4 Cyl Inline 16v DOHC 1,248 cc (76.2 cu in) 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) Fiat Multijet Euro 4 Only for Fiat Fiorino and Qubo
1.3 16V Diesel 4 Cyl Inline 16v DOHC 1,248 cc (76.2 cu in) 76 PS (56 kW; 75 hp) Fiat Multijet Euro 5 113
1.3 16V Diesel 4 Cyl Inline 16v DOHC 1,248 cc (76.2 cu in) 96 PS (71 kW; 95 hp) Fiat Multijet Euro 5
1.4 8V Diesel 4 Cyl Inline 8v OHC 1,398 cc (85.3 cu in) 70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) PSA DV4 HDi Euro 4 119 Only for Citroën Nemo & Peugeot Bipper (2007-2010)

Sales and production figures[edit]

Year Production Sales Notes
Nemo Qubo Bipper Nemo Qubo Bipper
2009 TBA TBA 32,300[20] TBA TBA 34,300[20]
2010 TBA TBA 42,900[20] TBA TBA 44,500[20]
2011 33,406[15] TBA 34,760[15] 34,304[15] TBA 34,354[15] Total Nemo production reaches 154,959 units.
Total Bipper production reaches 142,671 units.[15]
2012 27,500[21] TBA 24,200[21] 28,500[21] TBA 26,000[21] Total Nemo production reaches 182,400 units.
Total Bipper production reaches 166,900 units.[21]

Brazil (2013–present)[edit]

Fiat Fiorino (327)
Fiat Fiorino 1.4 ELX 2014 (20890089331) (cropped).jpg
2014 Fiat Fiorino 1.4
Overview
Also calledRam ProMaster Rapid (Mexico)
Ram V700 Rapid (Chile, Bolivia, Colombia, Perù)
Production2013–present
AssemblyBetim, Brazil
Body and chassis
PlatformFCA Economy
RelatedFiat Uno (327)
Powertrain
Engine1.4 L Fire EVO Flex I4 (petrol/ethanol)[22]
Transmission5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,717 mm (107.0 in)[22]
Length4,384 mm (172.6 in)[22]
Width1,809 mm (71.2 in)[22]
Height1,900 mm (74.8 in)[22]
Kerb weight1,117 kg (2,463 lb)[22]

In 2013, a new version of the Fiat Fiorino (different from the European version) was introduced in Brazil, where it is also produced.

Fiat Fiorino Cargo rear

As the previous Fiorino was based on the first generation Fiat Uno and its later Fiat Mille evolution, the new Fiorino is based on the second generation Fiat Uno (327), an all new model launched in 2010.

The vehicle was introduced in October 2013 as a 2014 model, at the 19th edition of the Fenatran (International Road Cargo Transportation Show, held in São Paulo), alongside the Uno Furgão — the panel van version of the Uno it is based on.[23]

The Fiorino is offered with the 1.4 Evo Flex flexible fuel 1,368 cc four-cylinder used in the Uno, from the Fire engine family.[22] It produces 85 or 88 PS (63 or 65 kW; 84 or 87 hp) at 5,750 rpm and 122 or 123 N⋅m (90 or 91 lb⋅ft) at 3,500 rpm, when running on petrol or ethanol fuel respectively.[23]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In Switzerland, also adapted to run with CNG, for Peugeot Bipper only.[14]
  2. ^ Fiat Qubo only. (Note: different cubic capacity.)
  3. ^ Citroën Nemo and Peugeot Bipper only.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Auto Motor und Sport Heft 23 Seite 6. Stuttgart: Vereinigte Motor-Verlag GmbH & Co KG. 1977.
  2. ^ a b "Fiat 147 history". Clube147.hpg.ig.com.br. Archived from the original on 14 April 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  3. ^ "9 picapes emblemáticas feitas no Brasil". Quatro Rodas. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Grandes Comparativos: Pampa x City x Saveiro x Chevy". Quatro Rodas. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  5. ^ xxx. "COCHE ARGENTINO - FIAT_147_FIORINO". www.cocheargentino.com.ar. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  6. ^ "FCA PRESS". www.fcapress.com.br. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  7. ^ "FCA PRESS". www.fcapress.com.br. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  8. ^ "Emelba 127 Poker". Debates.coches.net. 19 February 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  9. ^ "Nuovo Fiorino, piu' spazio e piu' chili" [new Fiorino, more space and more kilos]. Archivio Storico (in Italian). Corriere della Sera. 24 December 2009. Archived from the original on 16 June 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  10. ^ Fiorino (Brochure) (in Greek), Fiat Greece, 1993, p. 4
  11. ^ "Novo Fiat Fiorino 2014" Fiat Press Brazil[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "FCA PRESS". www.fcapress.com.br. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  13. ^ "FCA PRESS". www.fcapress.com.br. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  14. ^ "Peugeot Bipper CNG" (PDF). Erdgasfahren.ch. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g "PSA Annual Report 2012" (PDF). Car manufacturers. PSA. Retrieved 12 April 2013.[permanent dead link]
  16. ^ Hard, Gordon (27 April 2010). "Nemo rolls over in moose test due to lack of ESC". ConsumerReports.org. Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
  17. ^ "Fiat Professional presents the complete, refreshed line-up at the IAA in Hannover". Fiat Professional. 21 September 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  18. ^ "Nuovo Fiorino: il van creato per la città". Fiat Professional. 31 March 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  19. ^ "PSA says new Peugeot, Citroen and Opel vans will set benchmark for segment". Automotive News Europe. 13 February 2018. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  20. ^ a b c d "Engine specs from PSA Peugeot Citroën" (PDF). Creator and designer. PSA Peugeot Citroën. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 June 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
  21. ^ a b c d e "Memento Mars 2013" (in French). PSA Peugeot Citroën. 21 February 2013: 50. Retrieved 31 July 2013. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ a b c d e f g "Nuevo Fiat Fiorino—Caracteristicas tecnicas" (PDF). autoblog.com.ar (in Spanish). Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  23. ^ a b "Nova Fiorino e Novo Uno Furgão são lançados". noticiasautomotivas.com.br (in Portuguese). 27 October 2013. Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2015.

External links[edit]