Fiat Grande Punto
The Fiat Grande Punto is a supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat since 2005. It is the third generation in the Fiat Punto series and was announced in August 2005, and launched at the Frankfurt Motor Show. In 2009, it was joined by the facelifted Punto Evo. In 2012, both were replaced by a revised model, called simply Punto, thus resurrecting the model name of its predecessor. It is manufactured in Italy, in Brazil (from 2007) and in India (from 2008).
Grande Punto (2005–2012)
The third generation Fiat to bear the name Punto, codenamed Project 199, the Grande Punto was unveiled at the 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show and went on sale later that year. Styled by Giugiaro, the car is based on the GM Fiat Small platform. Whilst the model shares some of its name with the previous Punto, a large number of its components are new, including a new chassis and body shell.
The engines are the Fiat 1.2 8v Fire (65 PS), a new 1.4 8v Fire (77 PS) and the 1.4 16v StarJet (95 PS). Four MultiJet diesel engines are also available: two 1.3 16v units (75 PS (55 kW) and 90 PS (66 kW), the latter with a variable geometry turbocharger) and two 1.9 with 120 PS (88 kW) and 130 PS (96 kW), all of them with diesel particulate filter. The 1.9 diesel was replaced with the new 1.6 MultiJet starting the end of 2008.
All the engines are Euro IV compliant. In 2007, a new 1.4 16v T-Jet turbocharged petrol engine, 120 PS (88 kW), became available. At the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show, Fiat introduced 155 PS (114 kW) an Abarth version by Abarth & C S.p.A.. It was branded as an Abarth rather than Fiat. The car's nose, headlights and front grill look reminiscent of the Maserati Coupé (both were designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro of ItalDesign).
In Australia, Fiat introduced the Grande Punto in July 2006, sold only as the Punto; it is the first Fiat to be sold in Australia since 1989. In 2009, the Punto was discontinued in Australia, due to slow sales. The car was reintroduced in 2013 after Fiat began factory distribution in Australia, the car was repriced at a much lower price, that was more in keeping with its rivals.
It was launched in Mexico in November 2006. The Grande Punto is placed above the Fiat Palio in the Mexican Fiat car lineup. Initially it was sold with the 1.4 16v StarJet 95 PS (70 kW) engine with 6-speed manual gearbox in 5-door Dynamic and 3-door Sport trims. In December 2007, the 1.4 16v T-Jet 120 PS (88 kW) variant was launched. The Italian-made Grande Punto has already been launched in Chile and the Dominican Republic in petrol and diesel versions. The Grande Punto also went on sale in South Africa in 2006, replacing the previous generation.
In the rest of South America, the Brazilian-built Grande Punto (called only Punto) was launched in August 2007. Codenamed Project 310, it is produced in the factory of Betim, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The chassis is an adaptation of the Fiat Palio, a lower cost compact. Levels of safety were not maintained (airbags and ABS are optional on lower trim levels, and the highest one has only two airbags as standard), but the ride comfort is said to be the same. The five-door version is the only one available in the Brazilian line, and there are no plans for a two-door version (in Brazil, two-door vehicles are only accepted for cheaper cars). The engines available at launch were the 85 PS (63 kW) 1.4 Fire 8v and the 115 PS (85 kW) 1.8 Family 1 X18XE engine that comes from GM-Fiat/Powertrain, and later the 1.4 Fire 16v TurboJet, also available for the Linea. For the 2011 model, there were added the new E.torQ engines 1.6 16v and 1.8 16v. Produced by Fiat Powertrain Technologies, they were based on the discontinued Tritec engines. All non-Turbo petrol models produced in Brazil are flex-fuel.
The Grande Punto was launched in India during the Delhi Auto Expo in January 2008, with sales starting in June 2009. The Indian market Punto is manufactured by the Fiat-Tata Motors joint venture Fiat India Automobiles Ltd (FIAL) in a new plant in Ranjangaon, Maharashtra. The Indian Grande Punto was based on the same 310 project of the Brazilian Punto. In August 2014 Fiat launched a facelifted Punto Evo based on Fiat Avventura style with new front fascia, new front and rear LED lights and new interior (the same of the European Punto Evo).
A related sedan car, the Fiat Linea, was launched in early 2007 to replace the aging Fiat Marea. It is built on an extended version of the Grande Punto's chassis, with a total length of 4,560 mm (179.5 in), making it part of the superior small family car segment.
The Grande Punto was awarded with 5 stars in the Euro NCAP crash test for passenger protection and 3 stars certification for pedestrian safety. The most powerful engines have electronic stability program and anti slip regulation fitted as standard, and it is an optional extra on some of the lower powered engines.
The first car from the newly created (2007) Fiat-owned Abarth & C. S.p.A, the Abarth Grande Punto differs significantly from its donor car.
Initially the Abarth Grande Punto was released with a 150 PS (155 PS when using 97 RON fuel) 1.4 turbo engine, but from 2008 there was available an Essesse kit, which could be installed at official Abarth service centres rather than in the factory. Amongst various refinements included uprated brakes and suspension, the Essesse kit provided an uprated power output of 180 hp. 
Punto Evo (2009–present)
The Punto Evo, a facelift version of the Grande Punto, was presented at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show. It has two new engines, a 1.3 L second generation Multijet diesel and a 1.4 L petrol engine with the MultiAir technology. It also features a new navigation system integrated to the Blue&Me system called Blue&Me–TomTom.
The Abarth Punto Evo was shown at 2010 Geneva Motor Show. It has a 165 PS (121 kW; 163 hp) 1.4 L MultiAir Turbo engine. The top speed is 213 km/h (132 mph) and acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) takes 7.9 seconds.
A new Esseesse version was released in 2011, which was an optional upgrade that improved performance, with a 0–100 km/h (62 mph) time of 7.5 seconds.
Fiat introduced the 2012 Punto in September 2011 at the Frankfurt Motor Show, as a facelifted version of the Punto Evo that re-introduced the Punto nomenclature (without Grande or Evo).
The 2012 Punto is available with two new engines: the 0.9 L TwinAir turbo petrol, with two cylinders and 85 PS (63 kW; 84 hp), and the new 1.3 L MultiJet II diesel, with Start&Stop air technology, 85 PS (63 kW; 84 hp) and CO2 emissions reduced to 90 g/km. The new engines do not replace the previous engines (1.2 Fire, 1.4 MultiAir, 1.3 MultiJet and 1.6 MultiJet).
The 2012 Punto has updated front and rear bumper clips along with new alloy wheels. The interior is also updated with new fabrics and a revised Blue&Me system.
Punto Evo (India, 2014–Present)
Fiat India gave the Punto EVO an extensive facelift in August 2014. The facelift consisted of large, swept back headlamps, a new grille and chrome inserts, whilst the rear of the car received LED taillamps from its European twin, and the dashboard from the European car.
Fiat India launched a crossover version of the Punto Evo called Avventura in India on 21st October 2014 at a base price of INR 5.99 Lakh. The Avventura was aimed at the market inhabited by the likes of Toyota Etios Cross, Volkswagen CrossPolo and Ford EcoSport.
|1.2 8v Fire||I4||1,242 cc||65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp) at 5500 rpm||102 N·m (75 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm||14.5 s||155 km/h (96 mph)|
|1.4 8v Fire||I4||1,368 cc||77 PS (57 kW; 76 hp) at 6000 rpm||115 N·m (85 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm||13.2 s||165 km/h (103 mph)|
|1.4 16v StarJet||I4||1,368 cc||95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp) at 6000 rpm||125 N·m (92 lb·ft) at 4500 rpm||11.4 s||178 km/h (111 mph)||6-speed, from 2006|
|1.4 16v T-Jet||I4||1,368 cc||120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) at 5000 rpm||206 N·m (152 lb·ft) at 1750 rpm||8.9 s||195 km/h (121 mph)||from 2007|
|1.4 16v T-Jet MultiAir||I4||1,368 cc||135 PS (99 kW; 133 hp) at 6000 rpm||206 N·m (152 lb·ft) at 1750 rpm||8.5 s||195 km/h (121 mph)||from 2011|
|1.4 16v T-Jet||I4||1,368 cc||155 PS (114 kW; 153 hp) at 5500 rpm||230 N·m (170 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm||8.2 s||208 km/h (129 mph)||Abarth model, from 2007|
|1.4 16v T-Jet||I4||1,368 cc||180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) at 5750 rpm||272 N·m (201 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm||7.5 s||218 km/h (135 mph)||Abarth "SS" model, from 2008|
|1.3 16v MultiJet||I4||1,248 cc||75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) at 4000 rpm||190 N·m (140 lb·ft) at 1750 rpm||13.6 s||165 km/h (103 mph)||5-speed|
|1.3 16v MultiJet||I4||1,248 cc||90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 4000 rpm||200 N·m (148 lb·ft) at 1750 rpm||11.9 s||175 km/h (109 mph)||6-speed|
|1.6 16v MultiJet||I4||1,598 cc||120 PS (88 kW; 120 hp) at 3750 rpm||320 N·m (240 lb·ft) at 1750 rpm||9.6 s||190 km/h (120 mph)||from late 2008|
|1.9 8v MultiJet||I4||1,910 cc||120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) at 4000 rpm||280 N·m (207 lb·ft) at 2000 rpm||10.0 s||190 km/h (118 mph)||2005–2008|
|1.9 8v MultiJet||I4||1,910 cc||130 PS (96 kW; 128 hp) at 4000 rpm||280 N·m (207 lb·ft) at 2000 rpm||9.5 s||200 km/h (124 mph)||2005–2008|
|1.2 8v Fire||I4||1,242 cc||65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp) at 5500 rpm||102 N·m (75 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm||14.5 s||155 km/h (96 mph)|
|1.2 8v Fire Euro5||I4||1,242 cc||69 PS (51 kW; 68 hp) at 5500 rpm||102 N·m (75 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm||14.5 s||155 km/h (96 mph)|
|1.4 8v Fire Start&Stop||I4||1,368 cc||77 PS (57 kW; 76 hp) at 6000 rpm||115 N·m (85 lb·ft) at 3250 rpm||13.2 s||165 km/h (103 mph)|
|1.4 8v Bipower||I4||1,368 cc||77 PS (57 kW; 76 hp) at 6000 rpm||115 N·m (85 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm||14.9 s||162 km/h (101 mph)||Petrol|
|70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) at 6000 rpm||104 N·m (77 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm||16.9 s||156 km/h (97 mph)||Methane|
|1.4 8v GPL||I4||1,368 cc||77 PS (57 kW; 76 hp) at 6000 rpm||115 N·m (85 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm||13.2 s||165 km/h (103 mph)|
|1.4 16v MultiAir||I4||1,368 cc||105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) at 6500 rpm||130 N·m (96 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm||10.8 s||185 km/h (115 mph)|
|1.4 16v MultiAir Turbo||I4||1,368 cc||135 PS (99 kW; 133 hp) at 5000 rpm||206 N·m (152 lb·ft) at 1750 rpm||8.5 s||205 km/h (127 mph)|
|1.3 16v Multijet 75||I4||1,248 cc||75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) at 4000 rpm||190 N·m (140 lb·ft) at 1500 rpm||13.6 s||165 km/h (103 mph)|
|1.3 16v Multijet 90||I4||1,248 cc||90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 4000 rpm||200 N·m (148 lb·ft) at 1750 rpm||11.9 s||175 km/h (109 mph)|
|1.3 16v Multijet 95||I4||1,248 cc||95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp) at 4000 rpm||200 N·m (148 lb·ft) at 1500 rpm||11.7 s||178 km/h (111 mph)|
|1.6 16v Multijet||I4||1,598 cc||120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) at 3750 rpm||320 N·m (236 lb·ft) at 1750 rpm||9.6 s||193 km/h (120 mph)|
- Bala Subramaniam N (2014-10-28). "Fiat Avventura launched in Chennai at Rs.6.12 lacs; Abarth 500 launch in December". Business Standard. Retrieved 2014-10-29.
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- "Abarth Punto Evo 1.4 MultiAir Turbo 165 HP E5 3P Start&Stop" (PDF). Fiatautopress.com. Retrieved 6 March 2010.
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|City car||126||Cinquecento||Seicento / 600|
|Panda I||Panda II||Panda III|
|Supermini||Hatch||127||Uno||Punto I||Punto II|
|Palio||Grande Punto||Punto Evo||Punto|
|Small family car||Hatch||Ritmo||Tipo||Bravo I / Brava||Stilo||Bravo II|
|Large family car||132||Argenta||Croma I||Croma II|
|Cabriolet||Ritmo Cabrio||Punto Cabrio||500C|
|LCV/LAV||Fiorino I||Fiorino II||Fiorino III / Qubo|
|Doblò I||Doblò II|
|Large MPV||Ulysse I||Ulysse II||Freemont|
|Van||Daily||Scudo I||Scudo II|
|Ducato I||Ducato II||Ducato III|