Fiat M14/41

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Carro armato M. 14/41
M14 slash 41 Bovington museum.jpg
M 14/41 in the Bovington Tank Museum
TypeMedium tank
Place of originKingdom of Italy
Service history
Used byKingdom of Italy
Nazi Germany
Australia
United Kingdom
WarsWorld War II
Production history
ManufacturerFiat-Ansaldo
Produced1941–42
No. built800
Specifications
Mass14.5 t (32,000 lb)
Length4.915 m (193.5 in)[1]
Width2.280 m (89.8 in)[2]
Height2.370 m (93.3 in)[2]
Crew4 (commander/gunner, radio operator/machine gunner, loader, driver)[3]

Armour
  • Front: 30 mm (1.2 in)[1]
  • Sides/rear: 25 mm (0.98 in)[1]
  • Floor/roof: 6–14 mm (0.24–0.55 in)[1]
  • Turret front: 42 mm (1.7 in)
Main
armament
1 × 47 mm cannone da 47/32 AT gun
87 rounds[4]
Secondary
armament
4 × 8 mm Breda mod. 38 machine guns (1 × coaxial, 1 × AA, 2 × in hull)
2,664 rounds[4]
EngineSPA 8 TB M41 11,140 cc V8 diesel
145 hp (108 kW) at 1,900 rpm[5]
SuspensionSemi-elliptic leaf springs
Ground clearance41 cm (16 in)[1]
Operational
range
200 km (120 mi)
Speed33 km/h (21 mph) on road[5]

The Fiat M 14/41 was a four-person medium tank that served from 1941 in the Royal Italian Army. The official Italian designation was Carro Armato M 14/41. The tank was first employed in the North African Campaign where its shortcomings quickly became apparent.

History[edit]

Development[edit]

The M 14/41 was a slightly improved version of the earlier M 13/40 with a more powerful diesel engine. It was produced in limited numbers as it was already considered obsolete by the time of its introduction. The M 14/41 used the same chassis as the M13/40 but with a redesigned hull with better armour. The M 14/41 was manufactured in 1941 and 1942. Nearly 800 had been produced by the time production ended.

In combat[edit]

Italian M 14/41 tanks in depot, September 1943.

The tank was first employed in the North African Campaign where its shortcomings quickly became apparent. The vehicle was unreliable and cramped, and caught fire easily when hit. Following the withdrawal of Italian forces from North Africa the M14/41 was rarely encountered, though many captured vehicles were pressed into service by British and Australian forces to fill the serious shortage of Allied tanks in 1941. These vehicles did not remain in Allied service for long.

Variants[edit]

The M 14/41 chassis served as the basis for the far more successful Semovente da 90/53 tank destroyer.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e Falessi and Pafi 1976, p. 67.
  2. ^ a b Cappellano and Battistelli 2012, p. 46.
  3. ^ David, B. "Carro Armato M14/41". tanks-encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  4. ^ a b Pignato 2004, p. 41.
  5. ^ a b Falessi and Pafi 1976, p. 74.
Bibliography
  • Falessi, Cesare; Pafi, Benedetto (1976). Veicoli da Combattimento dell'Esercito Italiano dal 1939 al 1945. Intyrama books.
  • Cappellano, F.; Battistelli, P. P. (2012). Italian medium tanks, 1939–45. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781849087759.
  • Pignato, Nicola (2004). Italian Armored Vehicles of World War Two. Squadron/Signal publications. ISBN 0-89747-475-9.
  • Trewhitt, Philip (1999). Armored Fighting Vehicles. New York, NY: Amber Books. p. 29. ISBN 0-7607-1260-3.

External links[edit]