|Carro armato M. 14/41|
M 14/41 in the Bovington Tank Museum
|Place of origin||Kingdom of Italy|
|Used by||Kingdom of Italy|
|Wars||World War II|
|Mass||14.5 t (32,000 lb)|
|Length||4.915 m (193.5 in)|
|Width||2.280 m (89.8 in)|
|Height||2.370 m (93.3 in)|
|Crew||4 (commander/gunner, radio operator/machine gunner, loader, driver)|
|1 × 47 mm cannone da 47/32 AT gun|
|4 × 8 mm Breda mod. 38 machine guns (1 × coaxial, 1 × AA, 2 × in hull)|
|Engine||SPA 8 TB M41 11,140 cc V8 diesel|
145 hp (108 kW) at 1,900 rpm
|Suspension||Semi-elliptic leaf springs|
|Ground clearance||41 cm (16 in)|
|200 km (120 mi)|
|Speed||33 km/h (21 mph) on road|
The Fiat M 14/41 was a four-person medium tank that served from 1941 in the Royal Italian Army. The official Italian designation was Carro Armato M 14/41. The tank was first employed in the North African Campaign where its shortcomings quickly became apparent.
The M 14/41 was a slightly improved version of the earlier M 13/40 with a more powerful diesel engine. It was produced in limited numbers as it was already considered obsolete by the time of its introduction. The M 14/41 used the same chassis as the M13/40 but with a redesigned hull with better armour. The M 14/41 was manufactured in 1941 and 1942. Nearly 800 had been produced by the time production ended.
The tank was first employed in the North African Campaign where its shortcomings quickly became apparent. The vehicle was unreliable and cramped, and caught fire easily when hit. Following the withdrawal of Italian forces from North Africa the M14/41 was rarely encountered, though many captured vehicles were pressed into service by British and Australian forces to fill the serious shortage of Allied tanks in 1941. These vehicles did not remain in Allied service for long.
- Falessi, Cesare; Pafi, Benedetto (1976). Veicoli da Combattimento dell'Esercito Italiano dal 1939 al 1945. Intyrama books.
- Cappellano, F.; Battistelli, P. P. (2012). Italian medium tanks, 1939–45. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781849087759.
- Pignato, Nicola (2004). Italian Armored Vehicles of World War Two. Squadron/Signal publications. ISBN 0-89747-475-9.
- Trewhitt, Philip (1999). Armored Fighting Vehicles. New York, NY: Amber Books. p. 29. ISBN 0-7607-1260-3.