Fiat Mini platform
|Fiat Mini platform|
|Body and chassis|
|Layout||Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive|
|Predecessor||Fiat Type Zero platform|
Developed in the late 1990s in Turin, Italy, the Mini platform was designed to be adaptable to the city cars sold by Fiat Group. The Mini platform replaced the old Panda platform (code project Type Zero; Tipo Zero in Italian) dating back to 1980. All components were totally new, and were made to be adaptable to more types of small vehicles (including hatchback, convertible and crossover SUV). The frame makes heavy use of high-strength steel. Cars built on the Mini platform can accommodate either front- or four-wheel drive, using only front-mounted transverse engines. The standard version was of the platform is designed for MacPherson strut front suspension and torsion beam rear suspension but the four wheel drive version was re-engineered with independent semi-trailing arms rear suspension and electronic Limited slip differential.
A concept version was used in the 1999 Fiat Ecobasic prototype, powered by a small 1.2 JTD Multijet engine, but the first production vehicle on the platform was the Mk2 Fiat Panda in 2003 - a five-door hatchback with a high roof which allowed for increased interior space compared to most of its competitors. The architecture has been developed for production by Fiat in Poland, in Mexico by Chrysler (when the Fiat 500 was adapted for sale in the USA) and later in Italy at Pomigliano d'Arco plant (when production of the Fiat Panda Mk3 began there).
The Mini platform has a wheelbase of 2,299mm in the standard version (2,305mm in 4x4 version), which is used on the Fiat Panda Mk2. In 2007, the platform spawned two smaller three-door hatchbacks: the Fiat 500 and Ford Ka Mk2.
A Long wheelbase version (2,390mm) of the platform was used in the Lancia Ypsilon Mk3, launched in 2011. In 2012, the third generation of Fiat Panda was launched, again using the standard-wheelbase version, but at the 2,305mm wheelbase previously used only for the 4x4 models.
Vehicles based on Fiat Mini platform:
- 1999 Fiat Ecobasic concept car
- 2003—present Fiat Panda Mk2
- 2006—present Fiat Panda Hydrogen
- 2007—present Fiat 500
- 2008—2016 Ford Ka Mk2
- 2011—present Lancia Ypsilon Mk3
- 2012-present Fiat Panda Mk3
The "Economy" platform, is a chassis create for the small low cost vehicle produced by FCA in South America. Is a new platform introduced first with the Fiat Uno (codeproject 327) in 2010 assembly in Betim, Brasil. Fiat said "the Panda and Uno were born together in design and share the same concept, but have no mechanical parts in common". Fiat claims that the Uno uses 82% of new components, being based on the old Fiat Palio. A long wheelbase version was also used in the second generation of Palio (326) and Grand Siena (326 3V). In 2014 Fiat introduce the Brazilian Fiorino based on the modified Uno (327) chassis with rear axle come from the Fiat Strada pick up and in the 2016 the little Fiat Mobi introduce a new version of the Economy platform engineering to more lower cost.
Vehicles based on Fiat Economy ("Low Cost") platform:
- 2010 Fiat Uno (327)
- 2011 Fiat Palio (326)
- 2012 Fiat Grand Siena (326)
- 2014 Fiat Fiorino (327)
- 2016 Fiat Mobi
Fiat Fiorino Mk3 (Brazil)
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- "New Lancia Ypslon test mule based on Fiat Panda platform". Alvolante.it. Retrieved 31 December 2010.
- "New Fiat Panda third generation". Fiatpress.com. 30 August 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- "Panda seria um carro interessante no Brasil, diz Fiat". /carros.ig.com.br. 16 September 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
- "Avaliação Fiat Uno". /bestcars.uol.com.br. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 25 November 2011.