Fiber to the premises in the United States
This article describes fiber to the premises in the United States.
In the United States, the largest fibre to the premises (FTTP) deployment to date is Verizon's FiOS, which covers 32 million people in Northeastern United States. Verizon is the only Regional Bell Operating Company thus far to deploy FTTP on a large scale. Verizon's initial FTTP offering was based on broadband passive optical network (BPON) technology. Verizon has already upgraded to Gigabit PON or GPON, a faster optical access technology capable of providing 1Gbit/s speeds to consumers.
Lightower has the second most available fibre network, with 19 million people in the Northeast and the Midwest. Frontier is available to 10 million people across the country, and Monmouth is available to 8 million people in New Jersey.
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|Allband Multimedia||Curran, Michigan||Serves certain rural areas of Alcona, Alpena, and Montmorency counties in Michigan with the first all fiber to the home (FTTH) system in the state of Michigan, however the top speed offered is only 30/10 Mbit/s for residential customers and 30/30 Mbit/s for business customers.|
|ALLO Communications||Fort Morgan, Colorado; Lincoln, Nebraska; Western Nebraska||In 2016, ALLO Communications began 1 Gigabit per second fiber internet service in Lincoln by utilizing the city's existing fiber network and building out its own. Citywide network completion is estimated by 2019. Telephone and cable TV service is also included, making it the third such company to compete for TV, 1 gigabit internet and telephone services within the same footprint.|
|AT&T (formerly SBC)||Dallas, Texas
South-Southwest United States
|With its U-verse product, AT&T (formerly SBC) had pursued a strategy of Fiber to the Neighborhood (FTTN) and had even delivered Fiber to the Premises (FTTP) prior to the services' launch. Currently, U-verse is deployed as a Fiber to the Hub (FTTH) service; the line connecting the hub to the home is a dual copper pair line.|
|Burlington Telecom (City of Burlington)||Burlington, Vermont||Currently serves the residents and businesses in Burlington with a FTTH GPON network providing IPTV, phone, internet, MAN and colocation services.|
|CDE Lightband||Clarksville, Tennessee||Currently offering gig services to both residential and business customers in the city of Clarksville. The system has over 1000 miles of FTTP plant with an active ethernet deployment.|
|Cedar Falls Utilities||Cedar Falls, Iowa||Actively building FTTP network throughout the entire community, with the goal to completely replace their HFC plant by the end of 2012.|
|Centurylink||Omaha, NE Las Vegas, NV Wake Forest, NC, Cape Coral, FL Denver, CO, Seattle, WA||Centurylink currently is deploying fiber to replace copper in two Prism TV markets, offering TV, and Internet at 1 Gbit/s|
|Cincinnati Bell||Cincinnati, Ohio||Cincinnati Bell currently offers access to their fiber network dubbed Fioptics and offers TV, Internet, and phone service. Internet speeds are offered as high as 1 Gbit/s download and 250 Mbit/s upload.|
|Comporium||Rock Hill, South Carolina (& Summerville, South Carolina through an affiliate)||"Named Zipstream, the service will provide internet speeds of 1,000 megabits per second – or one gigabit per second – to downtown Rock Hill by this summer, and will be offered to new businesses and residents of the Bleachery area as it is developed."|
|Connexion Technologies (formerly Capitol Infrastructure)||Various||Currently serves over 100 communities with FTTH services that include phone, internet, television and home security.|
|Consolidated Communications||Texas, Pennsylvania, Kansas||Offering FTTH in some new communities. Internet (100MBit down / 5MBit up), Phone, and Television.|
|EATEL||Ascension Parish, Louisiana||Services currently available via their fiber-optic network include telephone, broadband Internet and television, which includes video on demand and regular broadcasts|
|ECFiber||East Central Vermont||Community network, services available via their fiber-optic network include telephone and broadband Internet|
|Elevate Fiber||Montrose, CO, Paonia, CO, Orchard City, CO, Cedaredge, CO, Delta, CO||Elevate Fiber, powered by DMEA, is building a 100% fiber network that will give you a whole new internet experience. We’re delivering blazing fast speeds on an ultra-reliable fiber network. Offering gigabit Internet, TV and Phone|
|EPBfi a branch of EPB, the town electric power utility||600 square miles, 6 counties around Chattanooga, TN and environs||First gigabit (1000 Mbit/s) provider in North America; offers phone, TV, etc.,|
|Fibernet Monticello||Monticello, MN||City network providing residential and business services including TV, phone, and Internet.|
|GigabitNow||Issaquah, WA||Operates gigabit fiber-optic networks as the Highlands Fiber Network, and Sea Ranch Connect.|
|Google Fiber||Kansas City, Provo, UT, Austin, Texas, Nashville, Atlanta, Salt Lake City, Charlotte, Research Triangle||Offers a free connection for construction, gigabit Internet, and TV|
|Hawaiian Telcom||Hawaii||"fiber to the building Internet speeds of up to 500/50 Mbit/s to residential and business customers … The available fiber tiers are 100 Mbit/s ($95), 200 Mbit/s ($200), or 500 Mbit/s ($300)."|
|Hotwire||Salisbury, NC||City network providing residential and business services including TV, phone, and Internet.|
|Newport Utilities||Newport, Tennessee||In progress of building a GPON FTTH network capable of delivering 1Gbit/s symmetrical service to homes and businesses. The project is divided into several phases with each phase divided into several zones. The plan ultimately includes providing service to their entire electrical service area which includes Cocke county and some areas inside several surrounding counties. NUB will be one of the first utilities in the southeast to provide this valuable resource to such a rural and mountainous area.|
|North Georgia Network (NGN)||Georgia, North Carolina||"fiber to the building Internet speeds of up to 50d/50u for residential and 10 Gbps for business customers"|
|LUSFiber||Lafayette, LA||Municipal owned ftth network. Completed first phase of deployment of FTTH.|
|Molalla Communications Company||Molalla, Oregon||Provides FTTP services to 100% of its subscriber base, offering a minimum of 250Mbps to all subscribers, up to 1000Mbps, using an active Ethernet topology.|
|Morristown Fibernet||Morristown, TN||Provides FTTP services to 100% of city and portions of the county (limited later by AT&T lobbying at the state level). Speeds up to 1Gbit/s symmetric (up/down).|
|MTCO||Central Illinois||Provides FTTP in Germantown Hills, Marseilles, Metamora, and Washington, Illinois. Download speeds offered up to 200 Mbit/s.|
|Opelika Power Services||Opelika, Alabama||The first complete fiber network in Alabama that offers internet speeds up to 1 gigabit. This television, phone and internet network is available to every home and business in the city of Opelika.|
|Paxio Inc.||Bay Area, California||Offering up to 1 Gbit/s symmetric speeds to homes and businesses in S.F. Bay Area in California.|
|Peak Internet||Colorado||Currently offers services in Woodland Park, CO. Peak Internet offers Internet & Telephone services over fiber.|
|Pend Oreille County PUD||Newport, Washington||Offering 100 Mbit/s/100 Mbit/s FTTH Service to over 4,000 premises in South Pend Oreille County.|
|PES Energize||Pulaski, Tennessee||Provides video, voice and data services through an FTTP network|
|Qlevr Media Inc.||Georgia||The first FTTH provider in Georgia offering television, telephone, Internet access, and home security over a single fiber.|
|SLIC||Franklin County, New York Saint Lawrence County, New York Hamilton County, New York||Currently building out in these two counties. Selling up to 50Mbit/s, but can provide up to 100Mbit/s|
|T² Communications||Holland, Michigan||Delivers phone, television (IPTV) and Internet services, and is actively building its own fiber network.|
|TSC||St. Marys, Ohio||Completed deployment of FTTH, a first for the bright.net affiliates in Ohio.|
|TDS Telecommunications Corp.||Georgia, Minnesota, New Hampshire, Tennessee, and Wisconsin||1 Gbit/s FTTH in some of the areas where TDS is the ILEC. TDS continues to actively install and upgrade to fiber throughout its network.|
|US Internet||Minneapolis, Minnesota||Currently building out FTTP network in parts of Minneapolis.|
|Veracity Networks||Utah||Multiple FTTP installations in new or greenfield communities in the west, including a contract with the Utah State Trust Lands Administration for up to 21,000 units in Washington County, Utah.Before being acquired by Veracity, Broadweave's first community, Traverse Mountain, is Located in Lehi, Utah. Available in UTOPIA network areas. Ran on iProvo network before Google Fiber.|
|Verizon FiOS||NY, MA, RI, CT, NJ, PA, DE, MD, DC, VA, NC||Regionally Available in listed states - Planned expansion in progress in Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Massachusetts.|
|VTel (Vermont Telephone Company)||Springfield, Vermont||Vtel serves 14 rural Vermont villages, based in Springfield, VT. By year-end 2013 they planned to offer "GigE billion-bits-per-second Internet over fiber to every VTel farm, home, and office, in all of our 14 rural villages"|
|Valu-Net LLC||Emporia Kansas||ValuNet FIBER serves Emporia Kansas with Gigabit Fiber service providing true gigabit Internet as well as a full complement of voice, data and IPTV services. (2016).|
|Stealth Communications||New York City||Offering up to 10 Gbit/s symmetric speeds to homes and businesses in New York City.|
|Windstream Communications||Lincoln, Nebraska; Southern U.S.||Beginning in 2016, Windstream Communications will be bringing 1 Gigabit per second fiber internet to Lincoln, using its existing fiber network. It is not initially clear how many homes or businesses would have access.|
Currently has FTTP available in many greenfield markets throughout the southern states.
|Yomura Fiber||CO, GA, NC, SC||Symmetric Fiber Internet to homes and businesses. Speeds up to 10Gbit/s.|
|Chelan County PUD||Chelan County, WA|
|UTOPIA||Utah||Beehive Broadband Bringham.net Fibernet InfoWest SumoFiber Veracity Networks Webwave Xmission|
Several carriers, municipalities, and planned communities across America are deploying their own fiber networks. Among them is the City of Burlington, Vermont "Burlington Telecom" and Lafayette, Louisiana.
The city of San Francisco, California has released a feasibility study for government and public broadband via fiber optics. This was the result of San Francisco supervisors' vote to adopt a resolution to encourage certain city departments to consider installing FTTP for use primarily in city operations. This then evolved into the fiber feasibility study which also includes "services to businesses and residents." The study estimated build-out costs of $564 million. It has been released as a draft in order for members of the public to provide comment and input.
Service providers using Active FTTP technologies include YRT2 Inc.; PAXIO Inc.; SureWest; iProvo; Grant County, Washington; UTOPIA; CDE Lighband, Clarksville, TN and Broadweave Networks. Service providers using passive optical networks include Verizon (FiOS), AT&T (U-verse), and several greenfield development networks.
There is also another FTTH provider UTOPIA, based in Salt Lake County, Utah, which currently services 11 cities. This municipal fiber network is an open network to many local ISPs, including Xmission, Sumo, and Veracity, and other service providers who have bought onto the network. The speeds of the network range around 100 Mbit/s to 1 Gbit/s  for residential use and 20 Mbit/s to 10 Gbit/s for business use.
Hargray Communications—Hilton Head Island, SC—Savannah, GA to Beaufort, SC—offers metro e - symmetrical data (up to 1g over 1g) 50x5
EPB Fiber Optics provides a GPON network that offers fiber to the premise to Chattanooga, TN and some neighbouring cities. They offer 1Gig internet service, which is the fastest speed available in the nation, as well as TV and phone service.
With job losses, a major problem in Salisbury, North Carolina, the concept of municipal broadband was studied beginning in 2005. City council members looked at Wilson's system as an example of what Salisbury could do to help the economy. Also, Internet access in the city was slow.
Municipal power provider, CDE Lightband in Clarksville, TN launched their 1 Gig service in 2013 via an active FTTP plant. They also offer digital television and phone services.
State laws and litigation
Fibrant in Salisbury, North Carolina was one of 60 municipal networks located across the country. The city borrowed $30 million to install the service, which offered faster Internet speeds at a lower price than competitors. The North Carolina General Assembly was considering legislation to stop such networks, which private companies opposed as the municipal utilities did not have to pay taxes and did not have the ability to subsidize.
On February 26, 2015, the FCC voted on a petition by Chattanooga, Tennessee and Wilson, North Carolina asking for "federal preemption of state laws". States opposed this effort to increase competition. South Carolina had a law which prevented governments from benefitting in ways private sector services could not. A service provided by Monticello, Minnesota had failed and bondholders sued, leading to concerns about who would pay if similar situations occurred as a result of the FCC action. After the FCC vote, U.S. Sen. Thom Tillis of North Carolina and Rep. Marsha Blackburn of Tennessee introduced bills to stop the action. On February 1, 2016, FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler recommended that the commission act on the petition. If the vote went in the cities' favor, the state laws would no longer be in effect and municipal systems could expand outside the cities.
After Tennessee and North Carolina appealed, on August 10, 2016, the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the Telecommunications Act of 1996 did not necessarily give the FCC the right to prevent states from prohibiting municipal broadband.
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