In finance, Fibonacci retracement is a method of technical analysis for determining support and resistance levels. They are named after their use of the Fibonacci sequence. Fibonacci retracement is based on the idea that markets will retrace a predictable portion of a move, after which they will continue to move in the original direction.
The appearance of retracement can be ascribed to ordinary price volatility as described by Burton Malkiel, a Princeton economist in his book A Random Walk Down Wall Street, who found no reliable predictions in technical analysis methods taken as a whole. Malkiel argues that asset prices typically exhibit signs of random walk and that one cannot consistently outperform market averages. Fibonacci retracement is created by taking two extreme points on a chart and dividing the vertical distance by the key Fibonacci ratios. 0.0% is considered to be the start of the retracement, while 100.0% is a complete reversal to the original part of the move. Once these levels are identified, horizontal lines are drawn and used to identify possible support and resistance levels. The significance of such levels, however, could not have been statistically confirmed.
Fibonacci ratios are mathematical relationships, expressed as ratios, derived from the Fibonacci sequence. The key Fibonacci ratios are 0%, 23.6%, 38.2%, 61.8%, and 100%.
The key Fibonacci ratio of 0.618 is derived by dividing any number in the sequence by the number that immediately follows it. For example: 8/13 is approximately 0.6154, and 55/89 is approximately 0.6180.
The 0.382 ratio is found by dividing any number in the sequence by the number that is found two places to the right. For example: 34/89 is approximately 0.3820.
The 0.236 ratio is found by dividing any number in the sequence by the number that is three places to the right. For example: 55/233 is approximately 0.2361.
The 0 ratio is :
The 0.764 ratio is the result of subtracting 0.236 from the number 1.
The 0.786 ratio is :
Bhattacharya, Sukanto and Kumar, Kuldeep (2006) A computational exploration of the efficacy of Fibonacci sequences in technical analysis and trading. Annals of Economics and Finance, Volume 7, Issue 1, May 2006, pp. 219–230. http://epublications.bond.edu.au/business_pubs/32/
Chatterjee, Amitava, O. Felix Ayadi, and Balasundram Maniam. "The Applications Of The Fibonacci Sequence And Elliott Wave Theory In Predicting The Security Price Movements: A Survey." Journal of Commercial Banking and Finance 1 (2002): 65-76.
Tai-Liang Chena, Ching-Hsue Chenga, Hia Jong Teoha. Fuzzy time-series based on Fibonacci sequence for stock price forecasting. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Volume 380, 1 July 2007, Pages 377–390.
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- Fibonacci Retracement: A Myth or Reality? at forexop.com
- What is Fibonacci retracement, and where do the ratios that are used come from? at investopedia.com
- Fibonacci Retracements at stockcharts.com
- Number Sequence Fibonacci Retracement at tradersdaytrading.com