Ficus abutilifolia

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Large-leaved rock fig
Ficus abutilifolia, habitus, Roodekrans.jpg
In Walter Sisulu Botanical Garden
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Ficus
Species: F. abutilifolia
Binomial name
Ficus abutilifolia
(Miq.) Miq.
  • F. soldanella Warb.
  • Urostigma abutilifolium Miq.[1]

The Large-leaved rock fig (Ficus abutilifolia) is a species of African rock-splitting[2] fig that occurs in two disjunct regions, one population north, and another south of the equator. The two populations are pollinated by different fig wasps, and are morphologically distinct.[3] It is named for the similarity of its broadly ovate leaves to that of Abutilon.[2] It is virtually restricted to cliff faces and rock outcrops, and is easily recognized from its large, glabrous leaves and smooth, pale bark.

Species associations[edit]

Nigeriella fusciceps Wiebes is the pollinating wasp for the northern population, and Elisabethiella comptoni Wiebes pollinates the southern population.[2][3] Philocaenus rotundus is an associated but non-pollinating wasp.[3]



  1. ^ "Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.) Miq., Synonyms". ThePlantList. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Burring, Jan. "Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.) Miq". SANBI. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c van Noort, S., Rasplus, J. "Ficus abutilifolia (Miquel) Miquel 1867". Figweb. Iziko Museums. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Ficus abutilifolia at Wikimedia Commons