Fides (deity)

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Pompeia Plotina coin, celebrating Fides on the reverse.

Fides (Latin: Fidēs) was the goddess of trust and bona fides (good faith) in Roman paganism.[1][2] She was one of the original virtues to be considered an actual religious "divinity".[3]

Her temple on the Capitol[1] was where the Roman Senate signed and kept state treaties with foreign countries, and where Fides protected them.[citation needed] The temple can be dated to 254 BCE.[citation needed] The original was said to have been built by Numa Pompilius, and a later building during the consulship of M. Aemilius Scaurus (115 BCE).[2]

She was also worshipped under the name Fides Publica Populi Romani ("Public (or Common) Trust of the Roman People").[4] She is represented as a young woman crowned with an olive or laurel wreath,[2] holding in her hand a turtle-dove,[1] fruits or grain,[2] or a military ensign. She wears a white veil or stola;[1] her priests wore white clothes, showing her connection to the highest gods of Heaven,[citation needed] Jupiter and Dius Fidius.

The turtle-dove, a traditional emblem of Fides[1]

Traditionally Rome's second king, Numa Pompilius, was said to have instituted a yearly ceremony devoted to Fides Publica in which the major priests (the three flamines maiores—Dialis, Martialis, and Quirinalis) were to be borne to her temple in a covered arched chariot drawn by two horses on the 1st of October.[1] There they should conduct her services with their heads covered and right hands wrapped up to the fingers to indicate absolute devotion to her and to symbolise trust.[5]

The Greek equivalent of Fides is Pistis.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Harry Thurston Peck (1898). "Fides (2)". Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Perseus Hopper. New York: Harper and Brothers. Retrieved 2015-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainLeonhard Schmitz, Leonhard (1870). "Fides". In Smith, William. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 
  3. ^ Adams, John Paul (May 2009). "The Roman Concept of Fides". Department of Modern and Classical Languages and Literatures College of Humanities, California State University Northridge. Retrieved January 2015.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  4. ^ Samuel Ball Platner (revised by Thomas Ashby) (1929). "Aedes Fidei". A Topography of Ancient Rome. Lacus Curtius. p. 209. 
  5. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, 1:21

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